This thematic introduction to literature including both traditional and contemporary writers, Western and non-Western writers, asks the reader to observe, reflect on, and comment upon the social, political, and cultural aspects of the literature being examined. The literature itself is organized thematically. Within each unit, stories, poems, and plays are arranged in clusters to provoke personal, analytical, and critical responses. Two essays per chapter encourage readers to respond critically to the thematic issues under discussion. This new edition includes two new plays, Euripides' The Trojan Women and Moliere's Tartuff, along with a revised section on "Using Film and Video." Also contains a section on "Using the Internet to Research Literary Sources" as well as an expanded glossary of literary and cultural terms. For those interested in a global and multicultural approach to literature.
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Table of Contents
* Denotes selections new to this edition.
Each part concludes with “Part Writing”
and “Research Assignments.”
INTRODUCTION: READING AND WRITING AS A SOCIAL ACT.
The Meaning of Literature.
The Function of Literature.
Strategies for Reading Literature: A Step-by-Step Guideline.
Writing as a Social Act.
Writing the Literary Essay: A Step-by-Step Guideline.
I. ORIGINS AND INSIGHTS.
Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilyich.
Wakayo Yamauchi, And the Soul Shall Dance.
Edith Wharton, Roman Fever.
Frank O'Connor, First Confession.
Bessie Head, A Power Struggle.
Elie Wiesel, The Watch.
Ernest J. Gaines, The Sky Is Gray.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown.
James Joyce, Araby.
Chief Seattle, My People.
Plato, The Allegory of the Cave.
E.B. White, Once More to the Lake.
Salman Rushdie, from Imaginary Homelands.
Sue Doro, The Father Poem Two.
Keith Gilyard, The Hatmaker.
Maurice Kenny, Going Home.
Denise Levertov, During a Son's Dangerous Illness.
Cathy Song, Lost Sister.
Li-Young Lee, Mnemonic.
Li-Young Lee, The Gift.
Linda Hogan, Song for My Name.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Jewish Cemetery at Newport.
Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill.
Wing Tek Lum, It's Something Our Family Has Always Done.
Evangelina Vigil-Pinon, Warm Heart ContainsLife.
Maria Mazziotti Gillan, My Grandmother's Hands.
Pat Mora, Gentle Communion.
Luci Tapahonso, A Breeze Swept Through.
James A. Emanuel, Fishermen.
William Blake, The Lamb.
William Blake, The Tyger.
Robert Hayden, Frederick Douglass.
Robert Hayden, Tour 5.
Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays.
Robert Hayden, Runagate Runagate.
Sophocles, Oedipus Rex.
William Shakespeare, Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.
II. GENDER AND IDENTITY.
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, The Revolt of “Mother.”
Kate Chopin, A Respectable Woman.
Kate Chopin, The Storm.
Alice Walker, Roselily.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper.
Alifa Rifaat, Another Evening at the Club.
Nadine Gordimer, Town and Country Lovers.
Virginia Woolf, Professions for Women.
Daniel Meier, One Man's Kids.
Peter Lyman, The Fraternal Bond as a Joking Relationship.
Deborah Tannen, Sex, Lies, and Conversation: Why Is It So Hard for Men and Women to Talk to Each Other?
Barbara L. Greenberg, The Faithful Wife.
Mahwash Shoaib, Genesis.
Mahwash Shoaib, Afterbirth.
Maryfrances Wagner, Ragazza.
Maria Mazziotti Gillan, Petals of Silence.
Pat Mora, Borders.
Pat Mora, Elena.
Robert Frost, Home Burial.
Claude McKay, The Harlem Dancer.
Edna St. Vincent Millay, What Lips My Lips Have Kissed.
Robert Browning, My Last Duchess.
Robert Browning, Porphyria's Lover.
Aphra Behn, The Willing Mistress.
Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress.
Aphra Behn, The Willing Mistress.
Gayle Two Eagles, The Young Warrior.
Alice Cary, The Bridal Veil.
John Keats, Bright Star.
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, She Proves the Inconsistency of the Desires and Criticism of Men Who Accuse Women of What They Themselves Cause.
William Shakespeare, When to the Sessions of Sweet Silent Thought.
William Shakespeare, Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds.
William Shakespeare, Th' Expense of Spirit in a Waste of Shame.
William Shakespeare, My Mistress' Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun.
August Strindberg, from Preface to Miss Julie.
August Strindberg, Miss Julie.
III. WAR AND VIOLENCE.
Stephen Crane, A Mystery of Heroism.
Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.
Liam O'Flaherty, The Sniper.
Tadeusz Borowski, Silence.
Andre Dubus, The Curse.
Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal.
Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried.
Brent Staples, A Brother's Murder.
David W. Powell, Vietnam: What I Remember.
Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee: A Study
Seth Mydans, Not Just the Inner City: Well-to-Do Join Gangs.
Stephen Crane, Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War Is Kind.
Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed.
Denise Levertov, What Were They Like?
Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Babiy Yar.
Janice Mirkitani, Prisons of Silence
Wilfred Owen, Disabled.
Walt Whitman, The Dying Veteran.
Gary Gildner, First Practice.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Concord Hymn.
Alfred Lord Tennyson, The Charge of the Light Brigade.
Muriel Rukeyser, Waking This Morning.
Walt Whitman, The Artilleryman's Vision.
Carolyn Forché, The Colonel.
Carolyn Forché, The Visitor.
Carolyn Forché, The Memory of Elena.
Carolyn Forché, As Children Together.
Euripides, The Trojan Women.
Fernando Arrabal, Picnic on the Battlefield.
IV. RACE AND DIFFERENCE.
Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson.
Grace Paley, The Loudest Voice.
Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing.
Sandpip Roy, The Smells of Home.
Aurora Levins Morales, Puertoricanness.
Bharati Mukherjee, Jasmine.
Kesaya E. Noda, Growing Up Asian in America.
Frederick Douglass, How I Learned to Read and Write.
Paul Monette, Borrowed Time: An AIDS Memoir.
Eric Liu, A Chinaman's Chance: Reflections on the American Dream.
Walt Whitman, I Hear America Singing.
Denise Levertov, Poet Power.
Dudley Randall, The Melting Pot
Maria Mazziotti Gillan, Public School No. 18: Paterson, New Jersey.
Lance Jeffers, My Blackness Is the Beauty of This Land
Wole Soyinka, Telephone Conversation.
Sharon Olds, On the Subway.
Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory.
Tato Laviera, Latero Story.
May Sarton, AIDS.
Michael Lassell, How to Watch Your Brother Die.
Martín Espada, Cross Plains, Wisconsin.
Martín Espada, Jorge the Church Janitor Finally Quits.
Martín Espada, Federico's Ghost.
Martín Espada, Tony Went to the Bodega, but He Didn't Buy Anything.
William Shakespeare, Othello, The Moor of Venice.
Manuel Puig, Kiss of the Spider Woman
V. INDIVIDUALISM AND COMMUNITY.
Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis.
Sherwood Anderson, Hands.
James Joyce, Eveline.
Fae Myenne Ng, A Red Sweater.
William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily.
Albert Camus, The Guest.
Chinua Achebe, Dead Men's Path.
May Sarton, The Rewards of Living a Solitary Life.
Martin Luther King, I Have a Dream.
John Stuart Mill, Genius and Originality.
William Glaberson, Mall Rats.
W.H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen.
Chad Walsh, Port Authority Terminal: 9 a.m. Monday.
William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper.
Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask.
Yevgeny Yevtushenko, People.
Duane Niatum, Street Kid.
Thom Gunn, Black Jackets.
Robert Frost, Mending Wall.
Sharon Olds, Summer Solstice, New York City.
Leo Romero, What the Gossips Saw.
Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Risking Absurdity.
Richard Wilbur, The Writer.
William Wordsworth, London, 1802.
William Wordsworth, The World Is too Much with Us.
Emily Dickinson, Volcanoes Be in Sicily.
Emily Dickinson, The Soul Selects Her Own Society.
Emily Dickinson, Much Madness Is Divinest Sense.
Emily Dickinson, Tell at the Truth, but Tell It Slant.
Jean Baptiste Poquelin Moliere, Tartuffe.
Appendix A: An Introduction to the Elements of Fiction, Poetry and Drama.
Appendix B: Researching Literary Sources.
Appendix C: Using the Interact to Research Literary Sources.
Appendix D: Critical Approaches: A Case Study of Hamlet.
Appendix E: A Little Bit about the History of Film and Video.
Glossary of Literary and Cultural Terms.
Index of Authors and Titles.
Index of First Lines.
Index of Terms.