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Cengage Learning
Literature and the Child (Paperback) / Edition 8

Literature and the Child (Paperback) / Edition 8

by Lee Galda


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901133963966
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 01/01/2013
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 528
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

After teaching in elementary- and middle-school classrooms for a number of years, Lee Galda received her Ph.D. in English Education from New York University. She is the Marguerite Henry Professor of Children's Literature, Emerita, at the University of Minnesota where she taught undergraduate and graduate courses in children's and young adult literature. Dr. Galda was a member of the International Literacy Association and the United States Board on Books for Young People, working on various committees related to literature. She was children's books department editor for The Reading Teacher from 1989 to 1993; a member of the 2003 Newbery Committee; a member of the International Literacy Association Book Award Selection Committee for five years, co-chairing that committee in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012; and a member of the USBBY Bridge to Understanding Award Committee in 2008 through 2011, chairing that committee in 2011. She sat on the review boards of several professional journals and on the editorial boards of Children's Literature in Education and Journal of Children's Literature. Author of numerous articles, books, and book chapters about children's literature and response, she was lead author of the first chapter on children's literature appearing in the HANDBOOK OF READING RESEARCH (VOLUME III). In 2011, Dr. Galda received the International Literacy Association Arbuthnot Award for excellence in teaching children's literature.

Lauren Aimonette Liang is an associate professor in the College of Education at the University of Utah. She teaches courses in children's and young adult literature, including a course on international children's literature, and was awarded the University of Utah's Early Career Teaching Award in 2010. Dr. Liang's research in children's literature and comprehension has been published in journals such as READING RESEARCH QUARTERLY, JOURNAL OF CHILDREN'S LITERATURE, READING PSYCHOLOGY, and THE READING TEACHER, as well as in both professional and practitioner books. She serves on editorial boards and committees for the International Literacy Association, the American Library Association, the National Council of Teachers of English, and the United States Board of Books for Young People (USBBY), including serving on the leadership boards for both USBBY and the Children's Literature Assembly. She was a long-time reviewer for The Horn Book Guide and other review publications. Dr. Liang has served on the International Literacy Association's Children's and Young Adults' Book Awards committee since 2009, and has been chair of the award committee for the past four years.

Bernice E. Cullinan was known both nationally and internationally for her work in children's literature. She wrote more than thirty books on literature for classroom teachers and librarians, including LITERATURE AND THE CHILD, POETRY LESSONS TO DAZZLE AND DELIGHT, and THREE VOICES: INVITATION TO POETRY ACROSS THE CURRICULUM. She authored a book for parents, READ TO ME: RAISING KIDS WHO LOVE TO READ. Dr. Cullinan was editor in chief of WORDSONG—the poetry imprint of Boyds Mills Press, a Highlights for Children Company—and collected poems written by the recipients of the National Council of Teachers of English Award for Poetry in A JAOF TINY STARS and subsequent volumes. She served as president of the International Literacy Association, was inducted into the Reading Hall of Fame and The Ohio State University Hall of Fame, and selected as the recipient of the Arbuthnot Award for Outstanding Teacher of Children's Literature. Dr. Cullinan died in February of 2015.

Table of Contents

The Books
Children's and Adolescent Literature: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow     3
The Value of Literature     5
Genres of Literature for Children and Adolescents     6
Picture Books     8
Poetry and Verse     9
Folklore     9
Fantasy     10
Science Fiction     11
Contemporary Realistic Fiction     11
Historical Fiction     12
Distinguish among Fantasy, Contemporary Realism, and Historical Fiction     12
Biography and Memoir     12
Nonfiction     13
Children's and Adolescent Literature Yesterday     13
Children's and Adolescent Literature Today and Tomorrow     14
Experimenting with Genre and Technique     15
Compare Picture Books of Past and Present     16
Blurring Age Boundaries     17
Timely Topics     18
Technology and Commercialism     19
Increasing Diversity     19
Building on the Past, Looking toward the Future     20
The Challenge of Selecting and Using Literature for Children and Adolescents     20
Judging Quality     20
Standards, Mandates, and Tests     21
Censorship and Selection     22
Resources for Selecting Literature     23
Review Journals     23
Book Awards     23
Electronic Databases     24
Summary     25
Booklist     25
The Art of Picture Books     27
Defining Picture Books     29
Using Picture Books to Help Students Learn about Literature     32
Picture Books in Children's Lives     32
Considering the Artistic Quality of Picture Books     33
Elements of Art     33
Styles of Art     39
Study the Art of Your Favorite Illustrator     44
Considering Text and Illustration in Picture Books     44
Picture Storybooks     44
Nonfiction Picture Books     46
Picture Books of Poetry and Song     46
From Cover to Cover     46
Criteria for Evaluating Picture Books     48
A Close Look at Bruh Rabbit and the Tar Baby Girl     48
Profile: James Ransome     50
Learning about Picture-Book Art in the Classroom     51
Exploring Art Media     52
Summary     52
Booklist     53
Content of Picture Books     55
Picture Books for Developmental Stages     57
Picture Books for Very Young Children     57
Picture Books for Children     58
Study the Body of an Author's or Illustrator's Work     64
Picture Books for Older Children and Adolescents     65
Making Connections between Life and Literature     68
The Inner World     68
Making Thematic Connections: Knowing Yourself     69
The Family World     70
Create a Book of Family Lore     71
The Social World     71
The Natural World     72
The Aesthetic World     72
The Imaginative World     73
A Close Look at The Tole of Peter Rabbit     73
Using Picture Books in the Classroom     76
Summary     77
Booklist     77
Poetry and Verse     85
Defining Poetry     87
Poetry in Children's Lives     88
Poems Make Us Smile     88
Poems Create Images     89
Poems Express Feelings and Stir Emotions     89
Poems Promote School Learning     90
Poems for Beginning Readers     91
Criteria for Evaluating Poetry     92
Profile: David McCord, Aileen Fisher, and Karla Kuskin     93
Language That Surprises     94
Sound That Sings     94
Structure That Supports Meaning     94
Subjects That Speak to Us     94
Profile: Myra Cohn Livingston, Eve Merriam, and John Ciardi     95
A Close Look at Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices     96
Children's Poetry Preferences     97
Profile: Lilian Moore, Arnold Adoff, and Valerie Worth     98
Poets Use Language in Interesting Ways     99
Words as Sound     99
Wordplay and Poetry     100
Words as Rhythm     102
Words as Meaning     102
Poetry Comes in a Variety of Forms     105
Narrative Poetry     105
Profile: Barbara Juster Esbensen and Eloise Greenfield     106
Profile: X. J. Kennedy and Mary Ann Hoberman     107
Lyric Poetry     107
Free Verse     108
Haiku and Cinquain     109
Break It Up! Exploring Line Breaks in Free Verse Poetry     110
Concrete Poetry     113
Limericks     113
Ballads     113
Riddle Poems     114
Novels in Verse     114
Building a Poetry Collection     114
Using Poetry in the Classroom     115
Encourage Students to Explore Poetry     115
Celebrate with Poetry     116
Play with Poetry: Act It Out     117
Immerse Students in Poetry     117
Integrate Science and Poetry     118
Fifteen Minutes, Fifty Poems!     120
Summary     121
Booklist     121
Folklore     127
Defining Folklore: A Literary Heritage     129
Folklore in Children's Lives     130
Criteria for Evaluating Folklore     131
An Exploration of Theme in Folklore     131
A Close Look at The Rough-Face Girl     132
Profile: Rafe Martin     133
Patterns in Folklore     134
Conventions     134
Have Fun with Numbers in Folklore     135
Motifs     135
Themes     135
Types of Folklore     136
Mother Goose and Nursery Rhymes     136
Folktales     138
Create a Folklore Performance     139
Fables     144
Mythology     145
Search for Mythical Allusions     146
Hero Tales: Epics and Legends     149
Folk Songs     150
Fractured Fairy Tales and Literary Folklore     151
Using Folklore in the Classroom     151
Identify Folkloric Style     152
The Ancient Art of Storytelling     153
Summary     153
Booklist     154
Fantasy and Science Fiction     161
Defining Fantasy and Science Fiction     163
The Role of Fantasy and Science Fiction in Children's Lives     164
Criteria for Evaluating Fantasy and Science Fiction     165
Setting     165
Teaching Genre: Setting in Fantasy and Science Fiction     166
Plot     166
Characters     166
Style     166
Theme     166
A Close Look at The Tale of Despereaux     167
Profile: Kate DiCamillo     168
A Close Look at The House of the Scorpion     169
Profile: Nancy Farmer     170
Thematic Exploration: Self-Knowledge     172
The World of Fantasy     172
Animal Fantasy     172
Miniature Worlds     173
Time Slips and Magic     173
Everlasting Questions     174
Literary Lore      175
Literary Tales and Folkloric Themes     176
Quest Tales     176
Themes in Science Fiction     177
The Power of Naming     177
Mind Control     178
Life in the Future     178
Science Changes the World     179
Survival     179
Fantasy and Science Fiction in the Classroom     180
Summary     180
Booklist     181
Contemporary Realistic Fiction     185
Defining Realistic Fiction     188
Realistic Fiction in Children's Lives     188
Keep a Writer's Notebook     189
Criteria for Selecting Realistic Fiction     189
Sensitivity to Community Standards     189
Setting     190
Character     190
Plot     190
Theme     190
Style     190
A Close Look at Pictures of Hollis Woods     190
Profile: Patricia Reilly Giff     192
Types of Contemporary Realistic Fiction     193
Picture Books     193
Books in Series     194
Novels in Verse     195
Thematic Connections: Discovering the Self      195
Adventure and Survival Stories     195
Mysteries     196
Animal Stories     196
Sports Stories     197
Humorous Stories     197
Romance Stories     198
Themes in Contemporary Realistic Fiction     198
Study an Author's Work and Life     199
Coming-of-Age     199
Peer Relationships     200
Family Relationships     201
Considering Parents in Realistic Novels     201
Current Themes     202
Contemporary Realistic Fiction in the Classroom     203
Summary     203
Booklist     204
Historical Fiction     209
Defining Historical Fiction     211
Historical Fiction in Children's Lives     213
Criteria for Evaluating Historical Fiction     213
Historical Accuracy     213
Setting     214
Writing Connection: Descriptive Techniques     215
Language     215
Characterization     215
Plot and Theme     216
Illustrations     216
A Close Look at Crispin: The Cross of Lead     216
Profile: Avi     217
Thematic Exploration: Self-Knowledge     219
History through Historical Fiction     219
Prehistoric and Ancient Times     219
The Middle Ages     220
The Renaissance and the Age of Exploration     221
Colonial through Post-Revolutionary War Times     221
Westward Expansion and the Civil War     222
Discussion: Compare Perceptions of an Historical Event     223
The Turn of the Century: Immigration and the Industrial Revolution     224
World War I and Its Aftermath     225
The Great Depression     226
World War II and Its Aftermath     226
Genre Study: Compare Treatment of a Theme across Genres     227
The 1950s through the 1980s: Political and Social Turmoil     228
Historical Fiction in the Classroom     230
Presenting Historical Eras through Multiple Genres     230
Exploring Themes with Historical Fiction and Other Genres     230
Explore Themes in Historical Fiction     231
Summary     231
Booklist     232
Biography     237
Defining Biography     239
Biography in Children's Lives     241
Criteria for Evaluating Biographies     241
Accuracy      242
Social Details: Setting and Plot     242
Portrayal of the Subject     243
Style     243
Compare Biographies about One Person     244
Theme     244
Illustrations     244
A Close Look at The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler     244
Profile: James Cross Giblin     245
Exploring Biography     246
Thematic Connection: Self-Knowledge     247
Political and Military Leaders     247
Philosophers and Religious Leaders     247
Scientists and Inventors     248
Adventurers and Explorers     248
Practitioners of the Arts     248
Sports Heroes     249
Extraordinary Ordinary People     249
Writing Memoirs     250
Biography in the Classroom     250
Who Becomes a Biographical Subject?     251
Building a Biography Collection     251
Using Biography with Other Genres to Study an Era     251
Organizing Biography by Theme     252
Summary     252
Booklist     253
Nonfiction     259
Defining Nonfiction     261
Nonfiction in Children's Lives      261
Thematic Connection: Learning about Family History     261
Criteria for Evaluating Nonfiction     262
Accuracy     262
Organization     263
Design     265
Style     265
Genre Study: Noting the Aesthetic in Nonfiction     265
A Close Look at Our Family Tree: An Evolution Story     266
Profile: Lisa Westberg Peters     267
Profile: Lauren Stringer     268
Nonfiction across the Curriculum     269
Make an Alphabet Book or Glossary     270
Science     270
Social Studies     271
Mathematics     272
Language Study     272
The Arts     273
Nonfiction in the Classroom     274
Read First, Write Later     274
Summary     275
Booklist     276
Children and Books
Building a Culturally Diverse Literature Collection     285
Culturally Diverse Literature     287
Making Connections with Stories of Refugee Children     288
Culturally Diverse Literature in Children's Lives     289
Making Thematic Connections: Learning about Yourself     290
Criteria for Evaluating Culturally Diverse Literature     290
Literature from Parallel Cultures     292
African American Literature     292
Asian American Literature     294
Latino Literature     296
Native American Literature     297
Study a Regional Culture     298
International Literature     298
Literature Exploring Sexual Orientation     300
Literature Exploring Exceptionalities     300
Summary     301
Booklist     302
Developing Responsive Readers     313
A Transactional View of Reading     316
Efferent and Aesthetic Reading     316
Response to Literature     318
Profile: Louise Rosenblatt     324
Helping Children Grow as Responsive Readers     325
Time and Choice     327
Reading Aloud     328
Supporting Children's Growing Literary Understanding     330
Questions to Ask Yourself While Reading     331
Connecting Stories: Considering Theme     332
Activities to Help Children Connect with Books     333
Creative Ways to Share Books     334
Book Buddies     335
Using Choral Speaking to Explore Poetry      336
How to Prepare for Readers' Theatre Performances     337
Art Activities for Response     340
Summary     340
Booklist     341
Literature-Based Instruction in Preschool and Primary Grades     343
A Literature-Based Literacy Curriculum     345
Ways to Explore Literature     345
Create a Primary-Grade Classroom Library     346
Using Literature with Emergent and Beginning Readers     348
Picture Books     348
Patterned, Predictable Texts     348
Transitional Books and Beginning Chapter Books     349
Use Chapter Books to Support Children's Development as Readers     350
Media Adaptations of Children's Books     350
Select Media for Your Classroom     351
Using Literature to Integrate the Curriculum     351
Study the Life and Work of an Author or Illustrator     353
Literature Study with Primary-Grade Readers     353
Connecting Books: Exploring Themes     355
Assessment     355
Summary     356
Literature-Based Instruction in Intermediate Grades and Middle School     357
Reading Workshop     359
Create a Classroom Reader's Choice Award      360
Book Club     360
Reading     360
Writing     361
Talking about Text with Peers: The Book Club     361
Community Share: Whole-Class Interactions     361
Opportunities for Instruction     361
Exploring the Civil War through Book Club     361
The Books     362
Whole-Class Lessons and Activities     362
Writing Prompts     363
Culminating and Extension Activities     363
The Literature Newsletter     365
Connecting Literature Study and Writing     366
Using Literature to Transform the Curriculum     367
Exploring Personal Attitudes and Beliefs     368
Assessment     370
Things to Observe about Reading Literature     370
Summary     370
Selected Children's and Adolescent Book Awards     371
American Library Association Awards     371
The John Newbery Medal and Honor Books     371
The Randolph Caldecott Medal and Honor Books     376
The Coretta Scott King Awards and Honor Books     381
The Pura Belpre Award     385
The Robert F. Sibert Award     386
The Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal      387
The Margaret A. Edwards Award     387
The Michael L. Printz Award     387
National Council of Teachers of English Awards     388
The Award for Excellence in Poetry for Children     388
The Orbis Pictus Award and Honor Books     388
International Reading Association Awards     389
The IRA Children's Book Award     389
The Lee Bennett Hopkins Promising Poet Award     391
International Awards     392
The Library Association Carnegie Medal     392
The Hans Christian Andersen Award     392
The Mildred L. Batchelder Award     392
Other Awards     395
The Ezra Jack Keats Award     395
The Boston Globe-Horn Book Awards     395
The Lee Bennett Hopkins Poetry Award     401
How to Update Current Listing and Find Other Awards     402
Resources     403
Book Selection Aids     403
Reference Books about Authors and Illustrators     404
Periodicals about Children's Literature     405
Publishers' Addresses     407
Paperback Book Clubs     409
Professional Organizations     409
Children's Magazines and Newspapers      410
The History of Children's Literature     413
The Evolution of Childhood     413
Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Children's Literature     413
Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Children's Literature     414
Nineteenth-Century Children's Literature     416
Twentieth-Century Children's Literature     420
Glossary of Literary Terms     422
Professional References     423
Children's Literature References     427
Text Credits     445
Illustration Credits     446
Author and Title Index     449
Subject Index     487

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