Literature: / Edition 5

Literature: / Edition 5

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Prentice Hall


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Literature: / Edition 5

This edition emphasizes research writing and critical approaches to literature. Including 60 stories, 388 poems, and 17 dramatic works, this book offers a balanced collection of works by male and female authors of different ethnic, political, economic, cultural, and religious backgrounds. In addition to carefully chosen literary selections, each chapter contains detailed information on and sample essays for writing about literature.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780130100764
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Publication date: 06/28/1998
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 1932
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 2.40(d)

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Items marked with * are new.)
1. Introduction: Reading, Responding to, and Writing about Literature.


2. Fiction: An Overview.

Stories for Study

Gaius Petronius, The Widow of Ephesus. Laurie Colwin, *An Old-Fashioned Story. Tim O'Brien, *The Things They Carried. Alice Walker, Everyday Use. Joy Williams, Taking Care.
3. Plot and Structure: The Development and Organization of Stories.

Stories for Study:

Stephen Crane, The Blue Hotel. Jamaica Kincaid, *What I Have Been Doing Lately. Eudora Welty, A Worn Path. Tom Whitecloud, Blue Winds Dancing.
4. Characters: The People in Fiction.

Stories for Study:

Willa Cather, *Paul's Case. William Faulkner, Barn Burning. Susan Glaspell, A Jury of Her Peers. Amy Tan, *Two Kinds.
5. Point of View: The Position or Stance of the Narrator or Speaker.

Stories for Study:

Sherwood Anderson, I'm a Fool. Ambrose Bierce, *An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge. Shirley Jackson, The Lottery. Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill. Lorrie Moore, How To Become A Writer.
6. Setting: The Background of Place, Objects, and Culture in Stories.

Stories for Study:

Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street. Walter Van Tilburg Clark, The Portable Phonograph. Joanne Greenberg, And Sarah Laughed. Cynthia Ozick, The Shawl. Edgar Allan Poe, *The Cask of Amontillado
7. Style: The Words That Tell the Story.

Stories for Study:

Ernest Hemingway, Soldier's Home. Alice Munro, The Found Boat. Frank O'Connor, First Confession. Mark Twain, Luck. John Updike, A & P.
8. Tone: The Expression of Attitude in Fiction.

Stories for Study:

Margaret Atwood, Rape Fantasies. Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour. John Collier, The Chaser. Jack Hodgins, *The Concert Stages of Europe. Americo Paredes, The Hammon and the Beans.
9. Symbolism and Allegory: Keys to Extended Meaning.

Stories for Study:

Aesop, The Fox and the Grapes. Anonymous, The Myth Of Atalanta. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown. St. Luke, The Parable of the Prodigal Son. John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums. Michel Tremblay, *The Thimble.
10. Idea or Theme: The Meaning and the Message in Fiction.

Stories for Study:

Ernest J. Gaines, The Sky Is Gray. James Joyce, Araby. D.H. Lawrence, The Horse Dealer's Daughter. Irene Zabytko, Home Soil.
11. A Career in Fiction: A Collection of Stories by Edgar Allan Poe.

(Stories of Poe Arranged in Chronological Order.)

*The Fall of the House of Usher. (1839) The Masque of the Red Death. (1842) *The Black Cat. (1843) *The Purloined Letter. (1844)
12. Stories for Additional Study.
Tony Cade Bambara, Raymond's Run. Robert Olen Butler, *Snow. Raymond Carver, *Neighbors. Stephen Dixon, All Gone. Andre Dubus, The Curse. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper. Margaret Laurence, *The Loons. Doris Lessing, The Old Chief Mshlanga. Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find. Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing. Grace Paley, Goodbye, and Good Luck. Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall.


13. Meeting Poetry: An Overview.

Poems for Study:

Emily Dickinson, Because I Could Not Stop for Death. Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed. Joy Harjo, *Eagle Poem. A.E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees.Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner. Louis MacNeice, Snow. Jim Northrup, Ogichidag. Naomi Shihab Nye, Where Children Live. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 55: Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments. James Wright, Two Hangovers.
14. Character and Setting: Who, What, Where, and When in Poetry.
Anonymous, Western Wind. Anonymous, Bonny George Campbell. Ben Jonson, Drink to Me, Only, with Thine Eyes. Ben Jonson, To the Reader. Setting and Character in Poetry.

Poems for Study:

Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach. William Blake, London. Robert Browning, My Last Duchess. Louise Glück, *Snowdrops. Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard. Thomas Hardy, The Walk. Thomas Hardy, Channel Firing. C. Day Lewis, Song. Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love. Marge Piercy, Wellfleet Sabbath. Al Purdy, *Poem.Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd. Christina Rossetti, A Christmas Carol. Jane Shore, A Letter Sent to Summer. Maura Stanton, Childhood. James Wright, A Blessing.
15. Words: The Building Blocks of Poetry.
Robert Graves, The Naked and the Nude.

Poems for Study:

William Blake, The Lamb. Robert Burns, Green Grow the Rashes, O. Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky. John Donne, Holy Sonnet 14, Batter My Heart. Richard Eberhart The Fury of Aerial Bombardment. Thomas Gray, Sonnet on the Death of Richard West. Carolyn Kizer, Night Sounds Maxine Kumin, Hello, Hello Henry. Henry Reed, Naming of Parts. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory. Theodore Roethke, Dolor. Stephen Spender, *I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great.Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock. Mark Strand, Eating Poetry.
16. Imagery: The Poem's Link to the Senses.
John Masefield, Cargoes. Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth. Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish.

Poems for Study:

William Blake, The Tyger.Elizabeth Barrett Browning, *Sonnets from the Portugese, No 14: If Thou Must Love Me. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan. Richard Crashaw, On Our Crucified Lord. H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), Heat. T.S. Eliot, Preludes. George Herbert, The Pulley.Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring. Denise Levertov, *A Time Past. P.K. Page, *Photos of a Salt Mine. Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130: My Mistress' Eyes. David Wojahn, “It's Only Rock and Roll, But I Like It.”
17. Rhetorical Figures: A Source of Depth and Range in Poetry.
John Keats, On First Looking into Chapman's Homer. Other Rhetorical Figures. John Keats, Bright Star. John Gay, Let Us Take the Road.

Poems for Study:

Elizabeth Bishop, Rain Towards Morning. Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose. John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning. T.S. Eliot, Eyes That Last I Saw in Tears. Langston Hughes, Harlem. John Keats, To Autumn.Jane Kenyon, *Portrait of a Figure near Water. Henry King, Sic Vita. Judith Minty, Conjoined. Ogden Nash, Exit, Pursued by a Bear. Marge Piercy, A Work of Artifice. Sylvia Plath, Metaphors. Muriel Rukeyser, *Looking at Each Other. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 30: When to the Sessions. Diane Wakoski, Inside Out. Walt Whitman, *Facing West from California's Shores. William Wordsworth, London, 1802. Sir Thomas Wyatt, I Find No Peace.
18. Tone: The Creation of Attitude in Poetry.
Cornelius Whur, The First-Rate Wife. Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est. Thomas Hardy, The Workbox. Alexander Pope, Epigram from the French. Alexander Pope, Epigram, Engraved on the Collar of a Dog which I gave to his Royal Highness.

Poems for Study:

Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book. Lucille Clifton, homage to my hips. e.e. cummings, she being Brand/-new. Mari Evans, I Am a Black Woman. Langston Hughes, Theme for English B. X.J. Kennedy, John while swimming in the ocean. Sharon Olds, *The Planned Child. Michael Ondaatje, *Late Movies with Skyler. Alexander Pope, from Epilogue to the Satires, Dialogue I. Salvatore Quasimodo, Auschwitz. Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz. C.K. Williams, *Dimensions.
19. Prosody: Sound, Rhythm, and Rhyme in Poetry.

Poems for Study:

Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool. Emily Dickinson, To Hear an Oriole Sing. John Donne, The Sun Rising. T.S. Eliot, Macavity: The Mystery Cat. Isabella Gardner, At a Summer Hotel. Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Voice. Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur. Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again. Philip Levine, *A Theory of Prosody. Edgar Allan Poe, The Bells. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73: That Time of Year. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind. Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, from Idylls of the King. David Wagoner, March for a One-Man Band. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Passing of Arthur (fragment).
20. Form: The Shape of the Poem.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle. Anonymous, Spun in High, Dark Clouds. Alexander Pope, Epilaph on the Stanton-Harcourt Lovers. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, What Is an Epigram? E.C. Bentley, George the Third, Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Anthony Hecht, Nominalism. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116: Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds. Walt Whitman, Reconciliation. George Herbert, Easter Wings.

Poems For Study.

e.e. cummings, Buffalo Bill's Defunct. John Dryden, To the Memory of Mr. Oldham. Robert Frost, Desert Places. Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California. Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa. Robert Haas, *Museum. George Herbert, Virtue. William Heyen, Mantle. John Hollander, Swan and Shadow. John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale. Claude McKay, In Bondage. John Milton, When I Consider How My Light is Spent. Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymadias May Swenson, Women. Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night. Jean Toomer, Reapers. Charles H. Webb, *The Shape of History. Phyllis Webb, *Poetics Against the Angel of Death. William Carlos Williams, The Dance.
21. Symbolism and Allusion: Windows to a Wide Expanse of Meaning.
Virginia Scott, Snow.

Poems for Study:

e.e. cummings, In Just-. John Donne, The Canonization. Isabella Gardner, Collage of Echoes. Jorie Graham, *The Geese. Thomas Hardy, In Time of “The Breaking of Nations.” George Herbert, The Collar.Robinson Jeffers, The Purse- Seine. John Keats, La Belle Dame Sans Merci. X.J. Kennedy, Old Men Pitching Horseshoes. Carol Muske, Real Estate. Mary Oliver, *Wild Geese. Walt Whitman, *A Noiseless Patient Spider. William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming.
22. Myth: Systems of Symbolic Allusion In Poetry.
William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan.

Poems for Study:

Poems Related to Homer's Odyssey:

Margaret Atwood, Siren Song. Olga Broumas, Circe. W.S. Merwin, Odysseus Dorothy Parker, Penelope. Linda Pastan, *The Suitor. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses. Peter Ulisse, *Odyssey: 20 Years Later.

Poems About the Story of Icarus.

Brian Aldiss, *Flight 063.W.H. Auden, Musée des Beaux Arts. Edward Field, Icarus. Muriel Rukeyser, *Waiting for Icarus. Anne Sexton, To a Friend Whose Work Has Come to Triumph. Stephen Spender, Icarus. William Carlos Williams, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus.

Poems Related to the Phoenix.

Amy Clampitt, *Berceuse. May Sarton, *The Phoenix Again.

A Poem about Oedipus.

Muriel Rukeyser, Myth.
23. Meaning: Idea and Theme in Poetry.
Judith Viorst, True Love.

Poems for Study:

Amy Clampitt, *Beach Blass. e.e. cummings, next to of course god america i. John Dryden, *A Song for St. Cecilia's Day. Donald Hall, Whip-poor-will. Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Ben Jonson, To Celia. Donald Justice, On the Death of Friends in Childhood. John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn. Philip Larkin, Next, Please. Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica. Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress. Marianne Moore, Poetry. Sharon Olds, 35/10. Linda Pastan, Ethics. David Wagoner, *My Physics Teacher.
24. Three Poetic Careers: William Wordsworth, Emily Dickinson, and Robert Frost.

Poems by William Wordsworth:

*My Heart Leaps Up. From *The Prelude, lines 301-474.,Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey. Daffodils. Lines Written in Early Spring. *Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood. *Expostulation and Reply. *The Tables Turned. *Stepping Westward. *The Solitary Reaper.
Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802. *I Grieved for Buoaparté with a Vain. *It Is a Beauteous Evening. *On the Extinction of the Venetian Republic. *Scorn Not the Sonnet. *To Toussaint L'Ouverture.

Poems by Emily Dickinson:

After Great Pain, a Formal Feeling Comes. The Bustle in a House. “Faith” Is a Fine Invention. The Heart Is the Capital of the Mind. I Cannot Live with You. I Died for Beauty—but Was Scarce. I Heard a Fly Buzz—When I Died. I Like to See It Lap the Miles. I'm Nobody! Who Are You? I Never Felt at Home—Below— I Never Lost as Much But Twice. I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed. Much Madness Is Divinest Sense. My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close. My Triumph Lated Till the Drums. One Need Not Be a Chamber—To Be Haunted. Safe in Their Alabaster Chambers. Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church. The Soul Selects Her Own Society. Success Is Counted Sweetest There's a Certain Slant of Light. This World Is Not Conclusion. Wild Nights—Wild Nights.! A Word Made Flesh Is Seldom.

Poems by Robert Frost:

A Line-Storm Song. Mending Wall. Birches. The Road Not Taken. Out, Out—'. The Oven Bird. Fire and Ice. Nothing Gold Can Stay. Misgiving. Acquainted with the Night. Design. The Strong Are Saying Nothing. A Considerable Speck.
25. Poems for Additional Study.
A.R. Ammons, 80-Proof. Maya Angelo, My Arkansas. Anonymous, Barbara Allan. Anonymous, *Healing Prayer from the Beautyway Chant. Anonymous, Lord Randal. Anonymous, The Three Ravens. Anonymous, *Waly, Waly. Margaret Atwood, Variation on the Word Sleep. W.H. Auden, the Unknown Citizen. Imamu Amiri Baraka, Ka 'Ba. Marvin Bell, Things We Dreamt We Died For. Earle Birney, Can. Lit. Louise Bogan, Women. Arna Bontemps, A Black Man Talks of Reaping. Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband. Joseph Brodsky, In Memory of My Father: Australia. Gwendolyn, Brooks, Primer for Blacks. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister. Lord Byron, The Destruction of Sennacherib. Thomas Campion, Cherry Ripe. Lucille Clifton, this morning. the poet. Leonard Cohen, *“The killers that run...” . Stephen Crane, Do Not Weep, Maiden. Countee Cullen, Yet Do I Marvel. e.e. cummings, if there are any heavens. James Dickey, The Performance. Kudzu. The Lifeguard. John Donne, The Good Morrow. Holy Sonnet 7: At the Round Earth's Imagined Corners. Holy Sonnet 10: Death Be Not Proud. Holy Sonnet 6: This Is My Play's Last Scene. A Hymn to God the Father. Song: Go, And Catch a Falling Star. Michael Drayton, Since There's No Help. Paul Laurence Dunbar, Sympathy. T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. John Engels, Naming the Animals. Carolyn Forché, Because One Is Always Forgotten. Dan Georgakas, Hiroshima Crewman. Nikki Giovanni, Woman. Marllyn Hacker, Sonnet Ending with a Film Subtitle. John Haines, Little Cosmic Dust Poem. Donald Hall, Scenic View. Daniel Halpern, Snapshot of Hué. Summer in the Middle Class. H.S. (Sam) Hamod Leaves. Frances E.W. Harper, She's Free! Michael S. Harper, Called. Robert Haas, *Spring Rain. Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays. Seamus Heaney, *The Otter. George Herbert, Love (III). William Heyen, *The Hair: Jacob Korman's Story. A.D Hope, *Advice to Young Ladies. Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover. Pied Beauty. Julia Ward Howe, Battle Hymn of the Republic. Langston Hughes, Negro. Robinson Jeffers, The Answer. Etheridge Knight, Haiku. Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks. Irving Layton, Rhine Boat Trip. Li-Young Lee, *A Final Thing. Alan P. Lightman, In Computers. Audre Lorde, Every Traveler Has One Vermont Poem. Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to the Wars. Amy Lowell, Patterns. Gwendolyn McEwen, *Dark Pines under Water. Heather McHugh, Lines. Claude McKay, The White City. Edna St. Vincent Millay, What Lips My Lips Have Kissed. Ogden Nash, Very Like a Whale. Howard Nemerov, Life Cycle of Common Man. Jim Northrup, wahbegan. Frank O'Hara, Poem. Mary Oliver, *Ghosts. Simon Ortiz, A Story of How a Wall Stands. Dorothy Parker, Résumé. Linda Pastan, Marks. Marge Piercy, The Secretary Chant. Will We Work Together? Sylvia Plath, Last Words. Mirror. Edgar Allan Poe, *Annabel Lee. Katha Pollitt, Archaeology. Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter. John Crowe Ransom, Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter. Adrienne Rich, *Diving Into the Wreck. Theodore Roethke, The Waking. Luis Omar Salinas, In a Farmhouse. Sonia Sanchez, right on: white america. Carl Sandburg, Chicago. Siegfried Sassoon, Dreamers. Alan Seeger, I Have a Rendezvous with Death. William Shakespeare, Fear No More the Heat o' the Sun. Sonnet 29: When in Disgrace with Fortune. Sonnet 146: Poor Soul, the Center. Karl Shapiro, Auto Wreck. Sir Philip Sidney, Astrophil and Stella, No. 71. Leslie Marmon Silko, Where Mountain Lion Lay Down with Deer. Dave Smith, Blujays. Stevie Smith, Not Waving But Drowning. W.D. Snodgrass, These Trees Stand... Cathy Song, Lost Sister. Gary Soto, Oranges. Kearney Park. William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark. Gerald Stern, Burying an Animal on the Way to New York. Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice Cream. Mark Strand, The Remains. May Swenson, Question. Jonathan Swift, A Riddle (The Vowels). James Tate, the Blue Booby. Dylan Thomas, A Refusal to Mourn the Death. Chase Twichell, Blurry Cow. John Updike, *Perfection Wasted. Mona Van Duyn, Advice to a God. Tino Villanueva, Day-Long Day. Shelly Wagner, The Boxes. Alice Walker, Revolutionary Petunias. Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose. Robert Penn Warren, Heart of Autumn. Bruce Weigl, Song of Napalm. Phyllis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America.Walt Whitman, *Full of Life Now. *Beat! Beat! Drums! *Dirge for Two Veterans. Richard Wilbur, The Sirens. William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow. William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium. *The Wild Swans at Coole. Paul Zimmer, The Day Zimmer Lost Religion.


26. The Dramatic Vision: An Overview.

Plays For Study:

Anton Chekhov, The Bear. Susan Glaspell, Trifles. Betty Keller, Tea Party. Eugene O'Neill, Before Breakfast.
27. The Tragic Vision: Affirmation Through Loss.
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. William Shakespeare, Hamlet. Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman.
28. The Comic Vision: Restoring the Balance.
William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream. Molière, Love Is the Doctor (L.'Amour Mèdecin). Beth Henley, Am I Blue.
29. Visions of Dramatic Reality and Nonreality: Varying the Idea of Drama as Imitation.
Edward Albee, The Sandbox. Langston Hughes, Mulatto. Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie.
30. Dramatic Vision and the Motion Picture Camera: Drama on the Silver (and Television) Screen.
Orson Welles and Herman J. Mankiewicz, Shot 71 from the Shooting Script of Citizen Kane. Arthur Laurents, A Scene from The Turning Point.
31. A Career in Drama: Two major Plays of Henrik Ibsen.
A Dollhouse.
An Enemy of the People.


32. Writing and Documenting the Research Essay.
33. Critical Approaches Important in the Study of Literature.
34. Taking Examinations on Literature.
35. Comparison-Contrast and Extended Comparison-Contrast: Learning by Seeing things Together.
Appendix A: Brief Biographies of the Poets in Section II.
Appendix B: Glossary of Literary Terms.
Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines.

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