Literature for Composition: An Introduction to Literature / Edition 10

Literature for Composition: An Introduction to Literature / Edition 10

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Literature for Composition: An Introduction to Literature / Edition 10

The definitive book for literature for composition or introduction to literature courses-- Literature for Composition offers superior coverage of reading, writing, and arguing about literature in Barnet’s clear and accessible style along with an anthology organized around ten thought-provoking themes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321829177
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 01/16/2013
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 1472
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Part I¿¿¿¿ Getting Started: From Response to Argument¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿


Chapter 1¿¿¿¿¿ How to Write an Effective Essay: A Crash Course¿¿¿

¿¿¿¿ The Basic Strategy¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Looking Closely: Approaching a First Draft¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Revising: Achieving a Readable Draft¿¿

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist for Revising a Draft¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Peer Review¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Preparing the Final Version¿¿


Chapter 2¿¿¿¿¿ The Writer as Reader

¿¿¿¿ Reading and Responding¿¿

Kate Chopin¿•¿Ripe Figs¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Reading as Re-creation¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Collecting Evidence, Making Reasonable Inferences¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Reading with Pen in Hand¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Recording Your First Responses¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Identifying Your Audience and Purpose¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Arguing a Thesis in an Essay¿¿

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “Images of Ripening in Kate Chopin’s ‘Ripe Figs’”¿¿

¿¿¿¿ The Argument Analyzed¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Behind the Scenes: From Early Responses to Final Version¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Other Possibilities for Writing¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Looking Closely at Two Contemporary Mini-Stories: Lydia Davis’s “Childcare” and “City People”¿¿

Lydia Davis¿•¿Childcare¿¿

Lydia Davis¿•¿City People¿¿

¿¿¿¿ A Story, with a Student’s Notes and Final Essay¿¿

Ray Bradbury¿•¿August 2026: There Will Come Soft Rains¿¿

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Student Essay with Preliminary Notes:¿ “The Lesson of August 2026”¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Stories for Analysis¿¿

Michele Serros¿•¿Senior Picture Day¿¿

Guy de Maupassant¿•¿The Necklace¿¿

T. Coraghessan Boyle • Greasy Lake***


Chapter 3¿¿¿¿¿ The Reader as Writer¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Developing a Thesis, Drafting, and Writing an Argument¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Prewriting: Getting Ideas¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Annotating a Text¿¿

¿¿¿¿ More about Getting Ideas: A Second Story by Kate Chopin

Kate Chopin¿•¿The Story of an Hour¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Brainstorming for Ideas for Writing¿¿

¿¿¿¿ Focused Free Writing¿

¿¿¿¿ Listing

¿¿¿¿ Asking Questions

¿¿¿¿ Keeping a Journal

¿¿¿¿ Arguing with Yourself: Critical Thinking

¿¿¿¿ Arguing a Thesis

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿Checklist: Thesis Sentence

¿¿¿¿ Drafting Your Argument

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Draft: “Ironies in an Hour”

¿¿¿¿ Revising an Argument

¿¿¿¿ Outlining an Argument

¿¿¿¿ Soliciting Peer Review, Thinking about Counterarguments

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Final Version of the Sample Essay: “Ironies of Life in Kate Chopin’s ‘The Story of an Hour’”

¿¿¿¿ A Brief Overview of the Final Version

¿¿¿¿ Writing on Your Computer

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Writing with a Computer

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Additional Stories for Analysis

Kate Chopin¿•¿Désirée’s Baby

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Student’s Analysis: “Race and Identity in ‘Désirée’s Baby’”

¿¿¿¿ Additional Stories for Study

Kate Chopin¿•¿The Storm

Anton Chekhov¿•¿Misery

V. S. Naipaul• The Night Watchman’s Occurrence Book


Chapter 4¿¿¿¿¿ The Pleasures of Reading--And of Writing --Arguments about Literature***

¿¿¿¿ The Open Secret of Good Writing***

Bruce Holland Rogers • Three Soldiers***

¿¿¿¿¿¿ Getting Ready to Write: A Student’s Responses, from¿ Jottings to Final Essay***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student:¿¿Thinking about Three Soldiers Thinking***

¿¿¿¿ ¿The Student’s Analysis Analyzed***

¿¿¿¿¿ Additional Stories for Study

John Steinbeck¿•¿The Chrysanthemums

Bobbie Ann Mason¿•¿Shiloh¿


Chapter 5¿¿¿¿¿ Writing as Performance***

¿¿¿¿ The Writer as Performer***

Robert Frost• The Span of Life***

¿¿¿¿¿ The Reader as Performer***

Jamaica Kincaid• Girl

Anatole France• Our Lady’s Juggler***

¿¿¿¿ 2 Txt Poms***

Julia Bird• A txt msg pom***

Norman Silver• txt commandments ***


Chapter 6¿¿¿¿¿¿ Reading Literature Closely: Explication

¿¿¿¿What Is Literature?¿

¿¿¿¿ Literature and Form¿

¿¿¿¿ Form and Meaning¿

Robert Frost¿•¿The Span of Life¿

¿¿¿¿ Reading in Slow Motion

¿¿¿¿ Explication

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Explication

Langston Hughes¿•¿Harlem

¿¿¿¿¿ Working Toward an Explication

¿¿¿¿¿ Some Journal Entries

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student (Final Version): “Langston Hughes’s ‘Harlem’”

¿¿¿¿ Explication as Argument

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Drafting an Explication

¿¿¿¿ Why Write? Purpose and Audience

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Poems for Explication

William Shakespeare¿•¿Sonnet 73 (That time of year thou mayst in me behold)

John Donne¿•¿Holy Sonnet XIV (Batter my heart, three-personed God)

Emily Brontë¿•¿Spellbound

Li-Young Lee¿•¿I Ask My Mother to Sing

Randall Jarrell¿•¿The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner¿


Chapter 7¿¿¿¿ ¿Reading Literature Closely: Analysis

¿¿¿¿ Analysis

¿¿¿¿ Analyzing a Story from the Hebrew Bible: The Judgment of Solomon

The Judgment of Solomon

¿¿¿¿¿ Analyzing the Story

¿¿¿¿¿ Other Possible Topics for Analysis

¿¿¿¿ Analyzing a Story from the New Testament: The Parable of the Prodigal Son

The Parable of the Prodigal Son

¿¿¿¿ Summary

¿¿¿¿ Paraphrase

¿¿¿¿ Comparison: An Analytic Tool

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “Two New Women”

¿¿¿¿ Looking at the Essay

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Revising a Comparison

¿¿¿¿ Evaluation in Explication and Analysis

¿¿¿¿ Choosing a Topic and Developing a Thesis in an Analytic Paper

¿¿¿¿ Analyzing a Story

James Thurber¿•¿The Secret Life of Walter Mitty

¿¿¿¿ Working Toward a Thesis: Journal Entries

¿¿¿¿ Developing the Thesis: Making Lists

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Sample Draft by a Student: “Walter Mitty Is No Joke”

¿¿¿¿ Developing an Argument

¿¿¿¿ Introductory Paragraphs

¿¿¿¿ Middle Paragraphs

¿¿¿¿ Concluding Paragraphs

¿¿¿¿ Coherence in Paragraphs: Using Transitions

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Revising Paragraphs

¿¿¿¿ Review: Writing an Analysis

¿¿¿¿ A Note on Technical Terminology

¿¿¿¿ A Lyric Poem and a Student’s Argument

Aphra Behn¿•¿Song: Love Armed

¿¿¿¿ Journal Entries

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “The Double Nature of Love”

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Editing a Draft

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Short Stories and Poems for Analysis

Edgar Allan Poe¿•¿The Cask of Amontillado

Katherine Anne Porter¿•¿The Jilting of Granny Weatherall

José Armas¿•¿El Tonto del Barrio

Leslie Marmon Silko¿•¿The Man to Send Rain Clouds

Billy Collins¿•¿Introduction to Poetry

Robert Frost¿•¿The Road Not Taken

Robert Herrick¿•¿To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time

Martín Espada¿•¿Bully


Cha pter 8¿¿¿¿ ¿Arguing an Interpretation

¿¿¿¿ Interpretation and Meaning

¿¿¿¿¿ Is the Author’s Intention a Guide to Meaning?

¿¿¿¿ What Characterizes a Sound Interpretation?

¿¿¿¿ An Example: Interpreting Pat Mora’s “Immigrants”

Pat Mora¿•¿Immigrants

¿¿¿¿ Thinking Critically about Responses to Literature

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Writing an Interpretation

¿¿¿¿ Two Interpretations by Students

Robert Frost¿•¿Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Sample Essay by a Student: “Stopping by Woods—and Going On”

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Sample Essay by a Student: “‘Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening’ as a Short Story”

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Poems for Interpretation

Robert Frost¿•¿Mending Wall

T. S. Eliot¿•¿The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

John Keats¿•¿Ode on a Grecian Urn

Thomas Hardy¿•¿The Man He Killed

Gwendolyn Brooks¿•¿The Mother

¿¿¿¿ Stories for Interpretation

Joyce Carol Oates¿•¿Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

Jorge Luis Borges•The Lottery in Babylon***

Thinking Critically: Case Study on William Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily”¿

¿¿¿¿ Overview of the Case Study¿

William Faulkner¿•¿A Rose for Emily

¿¿¿¿ Typescript Showing Material Deleted from the Published Version

¿¿¿¿ William Faulkner¿•¿Comments on the Story

¿¿¿¿ Two Interpretations by Students, with Notes/Outlines

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Sample Essay by a Student: “Why Miss Emily Grierson Killed Homer Barron”

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Sample Essay by a Student: “Insight into Horror: The Role of the Narratorin ‘A Rose for Emily’”


Chapter 9¿¿¿¿¿ ¿Arguing an Evaluation

¿¿¿¿ Criticism and Evaluation¿

Jeffrey Whitmore• Bedtime Story

Douglas L. Haskins¿• Hide and Seek

Mark Plants¿• Equal Rites

¿¿¿¿ Are There Critical Standards?¿

¿¿¿¿ Morality and Truth as Standards¿

¿¿¿¿ Other Ways of Thinking about Truth and Realism¿

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Poems and Stories for Evaluation

Sarah N. Cleghorn¿•¿The Golf Links

Wilfred Owen¿•¿Dulce et Decorum Est

Wilfred Owen¿•¿Anthem for Doomed Youth

Henry Reed¿•¿Naming of Parts

Katherine Mansfield¿•¿Miss Brill

W. Somerset Maugham¿•¿The Appointment in Samarra

Ambrose Bierce¿•¿An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge

Isabel Allende¿•¿If You Touched My Heart

Helena Maria Viramontes¿•¿The Moth


Chapter 10¿¿¿¿¿¿ Research Writing with Sources

What Research Is, and What Research Is Not

Primary and Secondary Materials

Locating Materials: First Steps

Other Bibliographic Aids

Electronic Sources

Encyclopedias: Print and Electronic Versions

The Internet/World Wide Web

Evaluating Sources on the World Wide Web

What Does Your Own Institution Offer?

Checklist: Using the World Wide Web

Taking Notes

Two Mechanical Aids: The Photocopier and the Computer

A Guide to Note-Taking

Drafting the Paper

Focus on Primary Sources

Avoiding Plagiarism

Checklist: Avoiding Plagiarism


Part II Up Close: Thinking Critically about Literary Works and Literary Forms¿


Chapter 11¿¿¿¿¿¿ Critical Thinking: Arguing with Oneself, Asking Questions, and Making Comparisons

¿¿¿¿ What Is Critical Thinking?

¿¿¿¿ Asking and Answering Questions

¿¿¿¿ Comparing and Contrasting

¿¿¿¿ Analyzing and Evaluating Evidence

¿¿¿¿ Thinking Critically: Arguing with Oneself, Asking Questions, and Comparing—E. E. Cummings’s “Buffalo Bill ’s”

E. E. Cummings¿•¿Buffalo Bill ’s

¿¿¿¿ A Short-Short Story, and Its Revised Version

Raymond Carver¿•¿Mine

Raymond Carver¿•¿Little Things

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Writing an Argument about Carver’s Two Stories


Chapter 12¿¿¿¿¿ A Brief Guide: Writing about Literature

Standing Back: Kinds of Writing

Getting Close: Drafting the Essay

Generating Ideas

Revising a Draft

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Reviewing the Basics


Chapter 13¿¿¿¿¿ Reading and Writing about Essays

¿¿¿¿ Types of Essays

¿¿¿¿ The Essayist’s Persona

¿¿¿¿ Voice

¿¿¿¿ Tone

¿¿¿¿ Prewriting: Identifying the Topic and Thesis

Brent Staples¿•¿Black Men and Public Space

¿¿¿¿ Summary and Analysis

¿¿¿¿ Preparing a Summary

¿¿¿¿ Stating the Thesis of an Essay

¿¿¿¿ Drafting a Summary

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Essays

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Essays for Analysis

Langston Hughes¿•¿Salvation

Laura Vanderkam¿•¿Hookups Starve the Soul


Chapter 14¿¿Reading and Writing about Stories

¿¿¿¿ Stories True and False

Grace Paley¿•¿Samuel

¿¿¿¿ Elements of Fiction

¿¿¿¿ Plot and Character

¿¿¿¿ Foreshadowing

¿¿¿¿ Setting and Atmosphere

¿¿¿¿ Symbolism

¿¿¿¿ Narrative Point of View

¿¿¿¿ Style and Point of View


¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Stories

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Stories for Analysis

Diana Chang¿•¿The Oriental Contingent

Gish Jen¿•¿Who’s Irish?

Ron Wallace• Worry


Chapter 15¿¿Thinking Critically: A Case Study about Flannery O’Connor

Flannery O’Connor¿•¿A Good Man Is Hard to Find

Flannery O’Connor¿•¿Revelation¿

¿¿¿¿ Remarks from Essays and Letters¿

¿¿¿¿ From “The Fiction Writer and His Country”

¿¿¿¿ From “Some Aspects of the Grotesque in Southern Fiction”

¿¿¿¿ From “The Nature and Aim of Fiction”

¿¿¿¿ From “Writing Short Stories”

¿¿¿ On Interpreting “A Good Man Is Hard to Find”

¿¿¿ “A Reasonable Use of the Unreasonable”


Chapter¿ 16¿¿¿¿¿¿ Graphic Ficition***

¿¿¿¿ Letters and Pictures***

Grant Wood“Death on¿ the Ridge Roasd”***

¿¿¿¿ Reading an Image: A Short Story Told in One Panel***

Tony¿ Carrillo •¿ “F Minus”***

¿¿¿¿ A Second Example of Reading Images: A Story Told in Sequential¿ Panels***

Art Spiegelman“Nature vs. Nurture”***

Will Eisner“Hamlet on a Rooftop”***

R. Crumb and David Zane Mairowitz“A Hunger Artist” ***


Chapter 17¿¿¿¿¿¿ Reading and Writing about Plays

¿¿¿¿ Types of Plays:¿Tragedy and¿Comedy

¿¿¿¿ Elements of Drama

¿¿¿¿ Theme

¿¿¿¿ Plot

¿¿¿¿ Gestures

¿¿¿¿ Setting

¿¿¿¿ Characterization and Motivation

¿¿¿¿ Organizing an Analysis of a Character

¿¿¿¿ First Draft

¿¿¿¿ Revised Draft¿

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing Arguments about Plays

¿¿¿¿ Thinking about a Filmed Version of a Play

¿¿¿¿ Getting Ready to Write

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Writing about a Filmed Play

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Plays for Analysis

Susan Glaspell, Trifles

David Ives¿•¿Sure Thing***

¿¿¿¿ A Note on Greek Tragedy

Sophocles¿•¿Oedipus Rex***


Chapter 18¿¿¿¿¿¿ Reading and Writing about Poems

¿¿¿¿ Elements of Poetry

¿¿¿¿ The Speaker and the Poet

Emily Dickinson¿•¿I’m Nobody! Who are you?

Emily Dickinson¿•¿Wild Nights—Wild Nights

¿¿¿¿ The Language of Poetry: Diction and Tone

William Shakespeare¿•¿Sonnet 146 (Poor soul, the center of my sinful earth)¿

¿¿¿¿ Writing about the Speaker

Robert Frost¿•¿The Telephone

¿¿¿¿ Journal Entries

¿¿¿¿ Figurative Language

William Shakespeare¿•¿Sonnet 130 (My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun)

Dana Gioia¿•¿Money

Robert Frost¿•¿The Hardship of Accounting

Anonymous¿•¿Thirty Days Hath September

¿¿¿¿ Imagery and Symbolism

Edmund Waller¿•¿Song (Go, lovely rose)

William Blake¿•¿The Sick Rose

¿¿¿¿ Verbal Irony and Paradox

¿¿¿¿ Structure

Robert Herrick¿•¿Upon Julia’s Clothes

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “Herrick’s Julia, Julia’s Herrick”

¿¿¿¿ The Argument Analyzed

¿¿¿¿ Explication

¿¿¿¿ An Example

William Butler Yeats¿•¿The Balloon of the Mind

¿¿¿¿ Annotations and Journal Entries

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “Explication of W. B. Yeats’s ‘The Balloon of the Mind’”¿

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Explication

¿¿¿¿ Rhythm and Versification: A Glossary for Reference

¿¿¿¿ Meter

¿¿¿¿ Patterns of Sound

¿¿¿¿ Stanzaic Patterns

Billy Collins¿•¿Sonnet

¿¿¿¿ Blank Verse and Free Verse

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing Arguments about Poems

¿¿¿¿ Your Turn: Poems about People

Robert Browning¿•¿My Last Duchess

E. E. Cummings¿•¿anyone lived in a pretty how town

Sylvia Plath¿•¿Daddy

Gwendolyn Brooks¿•¿We Real Cool

Etheridge Knight¿•¿For Malcolm, a Year After

Anne Sexton¿•¿Her Kind

James Wright¿•¿Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy’s Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota


Chapter 19¿¿¿¿¿ ¿Thinking Critically about Poems: Two Case Studies

A Case Study about Emily Dickinson¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿I heard a Fly buzz—when I died—¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿The Soul selects her own Society¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿These are the days when Birds come back¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿Papa above!¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿There’s a certain Slant of light¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿This World is not Conclusion¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿I got so I could hear his name—¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿Those—dying, then¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿Apparently with no surprise¿

Emily Dickinson¿•¿Tell all the Truth but tell it slant¿

¿¿¿¿ A Sample Argument by a Student: “Religion and Religious Imagery in Emily Dickinson”¿

A Case Study on Comparing Poems and Pictures¿

¿¿¿¿ Word and Image

Jane Flanders¿•¿Van Gogh’s Bed

William Carlos Williams¿•¿The Great Figure

Adrienne Rich¿•¿Mourning Picture

Cathy Song¿•¿Beauty and Sadness

Mary Jo Salter¿•¿The Rebirth of Venus

Anne Sexton¿•¿The Starry Night

W. H. Auden¿•¿Musée des Beaux Arts

X. J. Kennedy¿•¿Nude Descending a Staircase

Greg Pape¿•¿American Flamingo

Carl Phillips¿•¿Luncheon on the Grass

John Updike¿•¿Before the Mirror

Wislawa Szymborska¿•¿Brueghel’s Two Monkeys

¿¿¿¿ A Sample Argument by a Student: “Two Ways of Looking at a Starry Night”


Part III¿¿¿¿¿ Standing Back: A Thematic Anthology


Chapter 20¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ The World Around Us


Louise Erdrich, Ringo’s Gold***

BIll McKibben¿•¿Now or Never


Aesop¿•¿The Ant and the Grasshopper

Aesop¿•¿The North Wind and the Sun

Jack London¿•¿To Build a Fire

Sarah Orne Jewett¿•¿A White Heron

Patricia Grace• Butterflies***


Matthew Arnold¿•¿In Harmony with Nature

Thomas Hardy¿•¿Transformations

John Keats¿•¿To Autumn

Gerard Manley Hopkins¿•¿God’s Grandeur

Walt Whitman¿•¿A Noiseless Patient Spider

Emily Dickinson¿•¿“Nature” is what we see

Emily Dickinson¿•¿A narrow Fellow in the Grass

Joy Harjo¿• Vision ***

Mary Oliver¿• The Black Walnut Tree***

Kay RyanTurtle¿¿***

Thinking Critically: Case Study about Robert Frost

Robert Frost¿•¿The Pasture

Robert Frost¿•¿Mowing

Robert Frost¿•¿The Wood-Pile

Robert Frost¿•¿The Oven Bird

Robert Frost¿•¿The Need of Being Versed in Country Things

Robert Frost¿•¿The Most of It

Robert Frost • Design

Robert Frost on Poetry¿¿

Robert Frost¿•¿The Figure a Poem Makes


Chapter 21¿¿¿¿¿ ¿Journeys


Joan Didion¿•¿On Going Home

Montesquieu¿•¿Persian Letters


Nathaniel Hawthorne¿•¿Young Goodman Brown

Eudora Welty¿•¿A Worn Path

Toni Cade Bambara¿•¿The Lesson

Amy Hempel¿•¿Today Will Be a Quiet Day

James Joyce¿•¿Eveline


John Keats¿•¿On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer

Percy Bysshe Shelley¿•¿Ozymandias

Alfred, Lord Tennyson¿•¿Ulysses

Countee Cullen¿•¿Incident

William Stafford¿•¿Traveling Through the Dark

Adrienne Rich¿•¿Diving into the Wreck¿

Derek Walcott¿•¿A Far Cry from Africa

Sherman Alexie¿•¿On the Amtrak from Boston to New York City

William Butler Yeats¿•¿Sailing to Byzantium

Christina Rossetti¿•¿Uphill

Emily Dickinson¿•¿Because I could not stop for Death

A. E. Housman • To an Athlete Dying Young

A Note on Spirituals***

Anonymous • Swing Low, Sweet Chariot***

Anonymous • Didn’t My Lord Deliver Daniel***


Chapter 22¿¿¿¿ ¿¿Love and Hate¿


Judith Ortiz Cofer¿•¿I Fell in Love, or My Hormones Awakened


Ernest Hemingway¿•¿Cat in the Rain

¿¿¿¿ A Student’s Notes and Journal Entries on “Cat in the Rain”

¿¿¿¿ Asking Questions about a Story

¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “Hemingway’s American Wife”

¿¿¿¿ A Second Example: An Essay Drawing on Related Material in the Chapter

¿¿¿¿ A Sample Essay by a Student: “Hemingway’s Unhappy Lovers

Zora Neale Hurston¿•¿Sweat

Raymond Carver¿•¿Cathedral


Anonymous¿•¿Western Wind

Christopher Marlowe¿•¿The Passionate Shepherd to His Love

Sir Walter Raleigh¿•¿The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd

John Donne¿•¿The Bait

William Shakespeare¿•¿Sonnet 29 (When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes)

William Shakespeare¿•¿Sonnet 116 (Let me not to the marriage of true minds)

John Donne¿•¿A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning

Andrew Marvell¿•¿To His Coy Mistress

Edna St. Vincent Millay¿•¿Love Is Not All: It Is Not Meat nor Drink

Robert Frost¿•¿The Silken Tent

Robert Pack¿•¿The Frog Prince

Nikki Giovanni¿•¿Love in Place


Terrence McNally¿•¿Andre’s Mother


Chapter 23¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Making Men and Women


Steven Doloff¿•¿The Opposite Sex

Gretel Ehrlich¿•¿About Men


Charlotte Perkins Gilman¿•¿The Yellow Wallpaper

Richard Wright¿•¿The Man Who Was Almost a Man¿

John Updike • Oliver’s Evolution¿ ***


Anonymous¿•¿What Are Little Boys Made Of

Anonymous¿•¿Higamus, Hogamus

Dorothy Parker¿•¿General Review of the Sex Situation

Louise Bogan¿•¿Women

Rita Dove¿•¿Daystar

Theodore Roethke¿•¿My Papa’s Waltz

Sharon Olds¿•¿Rites of Passage

Frank O’Hara¿•¿Homosexuality

Julia Alvarez¿•¿Woman’s Work

Marge Piercy¿•¿Barbie Doll


Henrik Ibsen¿•¿A Doll’s House


Chapter 24¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿Innocence and Experience


George Orwell¿•¿Shooting an Elephant


Hans Christian Andersen¿•¿The Emperor’s New Clothes

James Joyce¿•¿Araby

Isaac Bashevis Singer¿•¿The Son from America

Ha JinLove in the Air***

ZZ Packer • Brownies***


William Blake¿•¿Infant Joy

William Blake¿•¿Infant Sorrow

William Blake¿•¿The Echoing Green

William Blake¿•¿The Lamb

William Blake¿•¿The Tyger

Gerard Manley Hopkins¿•¿Spring and Fall

E. E. Cummings¿•¿in Just-

Louise Glück¿•¿The School Children

Louise Glück¿•¿Gretel in Darkness

Linda Pastan • Ethics


Thinking Critically: A Case Study about Shakespeare’s Hamlet

¿¿¿¿ A Note on the Elizabethan Theater

¿¿¿¿ A Note on Hamlet on the Stage¿

¿¿¿¿ A Note on the Text of Hamlet¿

William Shakespeare¿•¿The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark


¿¿¿¿ Anne Barton¿•¿The Promulgation of Confusion

¿¿¿¿ Stanley Wells¿•¿On the First Soliloquy

¿¿¿¿ Elaine Showalter¿•¿Representing Ophelia

¿¿¿¿ Bernice W. Kliman¿•¿The BBC Hamlet: A Television Production

¿¿¿¿ Will Saretta¿•¿Branagh’s Film of Hamlet


Chapter 25¿¿¿¿¿ All in a Day’s Work***


Barbara EhrenreichWal-Mart Orientation Program***


Stop Me If You’ve Heard This One: Jokes about Lines of Work***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Jokes as Short Stories***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ The Role of Stereotypes***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Four Doctors Went Hunting***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ A Businessman Interviewed Job Candidates***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ The Absent-Minded Professor***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ An American Businessman in Mexico***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ Two New Yorkers on Vacation Are Hunting in Maine***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ The Detective and the Logical Doctor***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ The Heart Surgeon and the Mechanic***

¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ The Rich Businessman at the Business School Commencement***

Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm GrimmMother Holle***

Will EisnerThe Day I Became a Professional***

Daniel Orozco¿¿ Orientation

John UpdikeA & P

Lorrie Moore¿ How to Become a Writer


William WordsworthThe Solitary Reaper

Walt WhitmanI hear America Singing

Carl SandburgChicago

Gary SnyderHay for the Horses

Robert HaydenThose Winter Sundays

Seamus HeaneyDigging

Marge PiercyTo be of use

Marge PiercyThe Secretary Chant

John Updike • Ex-Basketball Player¿


Jane Martin• Rodeo

Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman***



Chapter 26¿¿¿¿¿ ¿Identity in America


Anna Lisa Raya¿•¿It’s Hard Enough Being Me

Andrew Lam¿•¿Who Will Light Incense When Mother’s Gone?


Amy Tan¿•¿Two Kinds

Alice Walker¿•¿Everyday Use


Emma Lazarus¿•¿The New Colossus

Thomas Bailey Aldrich¿•¿The Unguarded Gates

Joseph Bruchac III¿•¿Ellis Island

Aurora Levins Morales¿•¿Child of the Americas

Gloria Anzaldúa¿•¿To Live in the Borderlands Means You

Jimmy Santiago Baca¿•¿So Mexicans Are Taking Jobs from Americans

Langston Hughes¿•¿Theme for English B

Pat Parker¿•¿For the White Person Who Wants to Know How to be my friend

Mitsuye Yamada¿•¿To the Lady

Nila northSun¿•¿Moving Camp Too Far


Luis Valdez¿•¿Los Vendidos

Lorraine Hansberry¿•¿A Raisin in the Sun


Chapter 27¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿American Dreams and Nightmares


Chief Seattle¿•¿My People

Elizabeth Cady Stanton¿•¿Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions

Abraham Lincoln•Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery***

Studs Terkel¿•¿Arnold Schwarzenegger’s Dream


Kurt Vonnegut Jr.¿•¿Harrison Bergeron

Langston Hughes¿•¿One Friday Morning

William Carlos Williams¿•¿The Use of Force

Shirley Jackson¿•¿The Lottery

Grace Paley¿•¿A Man Told Me the Story of His Life

Tim O’Brien¿•¿The Things They Carried

Sherman Alexie¿•¿The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven***

Amy Sterling¿Casil¿•Perfect Stranger***

Ralph Ellison¿•Battle Royal


Robert Hayden¿•¿Frederick Douglass

Lorna Dee Cervantes¿•¿Refugee Ship

Edwin Arlington Robinson¿•¿Richard Cory

W. H. Auden¿•¿The Unknown Citizen

Allen Ginsberg¿•¿A Supermarket in California

Marge Piercy¿•¿What’s that Smell in the Kitchen?

Yusef Komunyakaa¿•¿Facing It

Billy Collins¿•¿The Names

Gwendolyn Brooks¿•¿The Bean Eaters

Dorothy Parker¿•¿Résumé


Tennessee Williams¿•¿The Glass Menagerie


Chapter 28¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿Law and Disorder


Zora Neale Hurston¿•¿A Conflict of Interest

Martin Luther King Jr.¿•¿Letter from Birmingham Jail


Chinua Achebe•Civil Peace¿

Elizabeth Bishop¿•¿The Hanging of the Mouse

Ursula K. Le Guin¿•¿The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

William Faulkner¿•¿Barn Burning

Tobias Woolf•Powder


Anonymous¿•¿Birmingham Jail

A. E. Housman¿•¿The Carpenter’s Son

A. E. Housman¿•¿Oh who is that young sinner

Claude McKay¿•¿If We Must Die

Jimmy Santiago Baca¿•¿Cloudy Day

Carolyn Forché¿•¿The Colonel


Billy Goda• No Crime***



Chapter 29 ¿¿¿¿¿ Worlds beyond Worlds***


Stephen King •¿Why We Crave Horror Movies***


Elizabeth Bowen•The Demon Lover***

Gabriel García-Márquez• A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings

Arthur C. Clarke•Nine Billion Names of God


A Note on Ballads***

Anonymous•The Demon Lover***

Anonymous•The Wife of Usher's Well***

John Keats• La belle dame sans merci

A. E. Housman• Is my team ploughing***


Appendix A¿¿¿¿¿ Writing about Literature: An Overview of Critical Strategies¿

Appendix B¿¿¿¿ ¿Remarks About Manuscript Form

Appendix C¿¿¿¿ ¿How Much Do You Know about Citing Sources?¿ A Quiz with Answers


Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines

Index of Terms¿


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