In a changing climate, livestock production is expected to exhibit dual roles of mitigation and adaptation in order to meet the challenge of food security. This book approaches the issues of livestock production and climate change through three sections: I. Livestock production, II. Climate change and, III. Enteric methane amelioration. Section I addresses issues of feed quality and availability, abiotic stress (heat and nutritional) and strategies for alleviation, livestock-generated nitrogen and phosphorus pollution, and approaches for harnessing the complex gut microbial diversity. Section II discusses the effects of climate change on livestock diversity, farm animal reproduction, impact of meat production on climate change, and emphasizing the role of indigenous livestock in climatic change to sustain production. Section III deals with the most recent approaches to amelioration of livestock methane such as breeding for low methane emissions, reductive acetogenesis, immunization/vaccine-based concepts and archaea phage therapy.
About the Author
Pradeep K. Malik is at the National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, India.
Ragavendra Bhatta is with the National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, India.
Junichi Takahashi teaches at the Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan.
Cadaba S. Prasad is at the National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, India.
Table of Contents
1) OverviewSECTION I Livestock production2) Feed Resources vis-à-vis Livestock and Fish Productivity In Changing Climate3) Strategies for Alleviating Abiotic Stress in Livestock4) Nitrogen Emissions from Animal-Agricultural Systems and Strategies to Protect the Environment 5) Nutritional Strategies for Minimizing Phosphorus Pollution from the Livestock Industry6) Metagenomic Approaches in Harnessing Gut Microbial Diversity7) Proteomics in Studying the Molecular Mechanism of Fiber DegradationSECTION II Climate change8) Perspective on Livestock Generated GHG’s and Climate9) Carbon Footprints for Food of Animal Origin10) Carbon Sequestration and Animal-Agriculture: Relevance and Strategies to Cope with Climate Change 11) Climate Change: Impacts on Livestock Diversity in Tropical Countries12) Climate Change: Effects on Animal Reproduction13) Climate Change: Impact of Meat Production14) Indigenous Livestock Resources in Changing Climate: Indian PerspectiveSECTION III Enteric methane amelioration15) Enteric Methane Emission: Status, Mitigation and Future Challenges- an Indian Perspective16) Thermodynamic and Kinetic Control of Methane Emissions from Ruminants17) Ionophores: a Tool for Improving Ruminant Production and Reducing Environmental Impact18) Residual Feed Intake and Breeding Approaches for Enteric Methane Mitigation19) Acetogenesis as an Alternative to Methanogenesis in the Rumen20) Immunization and Tannins in Livestock Enteric Methane Amelioration21) Phage Therapy in Livestock Methane Amelioration 22) Feed Based Approaches in Enteric Methane Amelioration23) Methanotrophs in Enteric Methane Mitigation24) Summary