Because of severe domestic labor shortages, Japan has recently joined the increasing number of advanced industrialized nations that have begun importing large numbers of immigrant workers since the 1980s. Although the citizenship status of foreign workers is the most precarious in such recent countries of immigration, the national governments of these countries have become increasingly preoccupied with border enforcement, forcing local municipalities and organizations to offer basic rights and social services to the foreign residents who are settling in their local communities. This book analyzes the development of local citizenship in Japan by examining the role of local governments and NG's as well as grass-roots political and judicial activism in the expansion of immigrant rights. In this manner, localities are emerging as important sites for the struggle for immigrant citizenship and social integration, enabling foreign workers to enjoy substantive rights even in the absence of national citizenship. The possibilities and limits of such local citizenship in Japan are then compared to three other recent countries of immigration (Italy, Spain, and South Korea).
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About the Author
Takeyuki Tsuda is Associate Director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, University of California at San Diego.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Localities and the Struggle for Immigrant Rights: The Significance of Local Citizenship in Recent Countries of Immigration Chapter 3 Japan's Demographic Future and the Challenge of Foreign Workers Part 4 Making Immigrants into Local Citizens: Social Integration Programs in Japanese Cities Chapter 5 Cities and Local Citizenship in Japan: Overcoming Nationality? Chapter 6 Immigrant Incorporation and Women's Community Activities in Japan: Local NG's and Public Education for Immigrant Children Part 7 Activism for Immigrants in Japan: Local, National, and International Contexts Chapter 8 Policy Advocacy for Foreign Residents in Japan Chapter 9 Looking Outward: International Legal Norms and Foreigner Rights in Japan Part 10 Comparative Perspectives: Immigrant Rights and Integration Policies in Italy, Spain, and South Korea Chapter 11 Does Hospitality Translate into Integration? Subnational Variations of Italian Responses Chapter 12 Nongovernmental versus Governmental Actors? Multilevel Governance and Immigrant Integration Policy in Spain Chapter 13 NG's, Transnational Migrants, and the Promotion of Rights in South Korea Part 14 Conclusion Chapter 15 The Limits of Local Citizenship and Activism in Japan and Other Recent Countries of Immigration