The Local Construction of a Global Language: Ideologies of English in South Korea

The Local Construction of a Global Language: Ideologies of English in South Korea

by Joseph Sung-Yul Park
ISBN-10:
3110209632
ISBN-13:
9783110209631
Pub. Date:
03/18/2009
Publisher:
De Gruyter

Hardcover

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Overview

The Local Construction of a Global Language: Ideologies of English in South Korea

In South Korea, English is a language of utmost importance, sought with an unprecedented zeal as an indispensable commodity in education, business, popular culture, and national policy. This book investigates how the status of English as a hegemonic language in South Korea is constructed through the mediation of language ideologies in local discourse. Adopting the framework of language ideology and its current developments, it is argued that English in Korean society is a subject of deep-rooted ambiguities, with multiple and sometimes conflicting ideologies coexisting within a tension-ridden discursive space. The complex ways in which these ideologies are reproduced, contested, and negotiated through specific metalinguistic practices across diverse sites ultimately contribute to a local realization of the global hegemony of English as an international language. Through its insightful analysis of metalinguistic discourse in language policy debates, cross-linguistic humor, television shows, and face-to-face interaction, The Local Construction of a Global Language makes an original contribution to the study of language and globalization, proposing an innovative analytic approach that bridges the gap between the investigation of large-scale global forces and the study of micro-level discourse practices.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783110209631
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publication date: 03/18/2009
Series: Language, Power and Social Process [LPSP] Series , #24
Pages: 285
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Joseph Sung-Yul Park, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vii

Chapter 1 Unspeakable English? Investigating global English in local context 1

1 The question of English in South Korea 1

2 Research on the global spread of English 5

2.1 The political dimension of research on global English 5

2.2 The methodological dimension of research on global English 9

3 Language ideology as a framework of inquiry 13

3.1 The framework of language ideology 13

3.2 The global spread of English as a language-ideological issue 15

3.3 Language ideology and the question of English in Korea 18

4 The approach: Metalinguistic discourse as focus of analysis 21

5 Overview: Three ideologies of English in Korea 25

Chapter 2 The English language in South Korea: History, politics, and sociolinguistics 29

1 South Korea as a monolingual society? 29

1.1 English in the media and popular culture 30

1.2 The impact of language learning: growing familiarity towards English 33

2 Korea in pursuit of English: global aspirations and local struggles 37

2.1 English as a national resource: economic strategies and educational policy 37

2.2 English as a modern skill: higher education and the job market 41

2.3 The boom in English language learning 43

2.4 The politics of 'English villages' 46

2.5 Class, symbolic capital, and language ideology 49

3 Resistance to English and language purism 51

4 Conclusion 55

Chapter 3 Debating English: Language ideologies in the Official English debate 57

1 Language ideological debates in the age of globalization 57

2 The Official English debate 61

2.1 Bok Geoil and English as an official language 61

2.2 The debate: development and political context 65

2.3 The debate: participants and arguments 69

2.4 The impact of the debate 72

3 Three ideologies of English in the Official English debate 74

3.1 Necessitation: English as a necessity 74

3.2 Externalization: English as language of an Other 77

3.3 Self-deprecation: Koreans as bad speakers of English 80

4 Ideological dynamics in the Official English debate 83

4.1 The three ideologies as an ideological complex 83

4.2 Framing the debate as politicized opposition 89

5 Conclusion 94

Chapter 4 Playing with English: Language ideologies in Korean-English yumeo 96

1 Cross-linguistic humor as metalinguistic discourse 96

2 Korean-English yumeo as data 99

3 A typology of Korean-English yumeo 102

3.1 Translation riddles 102

3.2 Jokes 103

3.3 Humorous experiences 104

3.4 Parody 107

4 Ideological aspects of Korean-English yumeo 109

4.1 The theme of Korean-English yumeo 110

4.2 The target of Korean-English yumeo 114

4.3 The language of Korean-English yumeo 120

5 Korean-English yumeo as a site for ideology reproduction 125

6 Conclusion 130

Chapter 5 Representing English: Language ideologies in scripted television entertainment shows 133

1 Cross-linguistic humor in media discourse 133

2 Korean television entertainment shows as data 137

3 Interpretive resources for the construction of English 139

3.1 Focusing on Koreans' inability in English 140

3.2 Performance of "bad English" 145

3.3 Presuppositions in the use of subtitles 149

3.4 Interpretive resources at work: imagining English and Koreanness 154

4 Television entertainment shows as metalinguistic discourse 162

5 Conclusion 166

Chapter 6 Disclaiming English: Language ideologies in face-to-face interaction 168

1 Ideology and interaction 168

2 Capturing Koreans' talk about English 170

3 Interactional practices and ideologies of English 174

3.1 Interactional practices as resources for ideology reproduction 174

3.2 Interactional practices in talk about English 177

3.2.1 Sequence organization 177

3.2.2 Explicit assessments 184

3.3 Interactional practices in "expert discourse" 191

3.4 Contrast with talk about Japanese 201

4 Two senses of "disclaiming English" in interaction 211

5 Conclusion 222

Chapter 7 Conclusions: Speaking (of) the unspeakable 224

1 Countering unspeakable English: Korea and beyond 224

2 Implications for further study 233

2.1 Language ideology and the global spread of English 233

2.2 English language learning/teaching and language ideology 235

2.3 Linguistics and globalization studies 238

Appendix A Transcription conventions 241

Appendix B Abbreviations 242

Notes 243

References 245

Subject index 269

Name index 272

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