First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
About the Author
Eva Feder Kittay is Distinguished Professor Emerita of Philosophy at Stony Brook University/SUNY. Her pioneering work interjecting questions of care and disability (especially cognitive disability) into philosophy, and her work in feminist theory and the philosophy of disability, have garnered a number of honors and prizes: 2003 Woman Philosopher of the Year by the Society for Women in Philosophy; the inaugural prize of the Institut de Mensch, Ethik und Wissenschaft; the Lebowitz prize from the American Philosophical Association; and Phi Beta Kappa, a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Center for Discovery, an NEH Fellowship and a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Eva Kittay’s first works in philosophy were in the philosophy of language, publishing Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure (1987). Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency (1999) received international attention. The edited collection Women and Moral Theory (with Diana Meyers, 1987) ushered in decades-long work by philosophers in the ethics of care. Other edited collections include The Blackwell Guide to Feminist Philosophy (with Linda Alcoff, 2007) and The Subject of Care: Theoretical Perspectives on Dependency and Women (with Ellen Feder, 2003). A 2008 collectionbased on a conference she organized, Cognitive Disability and the Challenge to Moral Philosophyopened a new field of inquiry in philosophy. Her most recent book is Learning from My Daughter: The Value and Care of Disabled Minds (2019).
Table of Contents
Introduction to the Second Edition
Equality as Sexual Equality
The Difference Critique
The Dominance Critique
The Diversity Critique
The Dependency Critique
Should Women Still Want Equality?
Part 1 Love’s Labor: The Requirements of Dependency
Chapter 1 Relationships of Dependency and Equality
Reflections on Being a Mother’s Child
Dependency in the Human Condition
Dependency Work, the Dependency Worker, and the Charge
A Paradigm of Dependency Work
Situating Dependency Work Within a Practice
Extending the Concept of Dependency Work
Dependency Work in "Cooperative Conflicts"
Cooperative ConflictsThe Provider
Breakdown Positions and Inequality in Cooperative Conflicts
Secondary Dependency and Equality for Dependency Workers
Chapter 2 Vulnerability and the Moral Nature of Dependency Relations
The Transparent Self of the Dependency Worker
Moral Obligations of Dependency Workers and an Ethics of Care
Moral Obligations to the Dependency Worker
Part 2 Political Liberalism and Human Dependency
Dependency as a Criterion of Adequacy
The Role of Equality and Equality’s Presuppositions
The Arguments in Outline
Chapter 3 The Presuppositions of Equality
Dependency as Both an Objective and a Subjective Circumstance of Justice
The Absence of Dependency in the "Circumstances of Justice"
Dependency and Heads of Households
Chronological Unfairness and Intergenerational Justice
The Idealization That "All Citizens Are Fully Cooperating Members of Society"
Fully Cooperating Throughout a LifeThe Strong Interpretation
Fully Cooperating Over a LifetimeThe Weak Interpretation
Free Persons Are a Self-Originating Sources of Valid Claims"
Is the Dependency Worker a Self-Originator of Claims?
Is the Dependency Worker a Self-Authenticator of Claims?
Chapter 4 The Benefits and Burdens of Social Cooperation
The Two Powers of a Moral Person and the Index of Primary Goods
The Omission of Care as a Primary Good
Care as a Primary Good Issuing from the Moral Power to Care
The Public Conception of Social Cooperation
Dependency Concerns in Rawls’s Conception of Social Cooperation
Reciprocity and Doulia
Dependents and Dependency Workers as the Least Well-Off
The Dependency Relation as a Social Position
A Third Principle of Justice?
Part 3 Some Mother’s Child
Chapter 5 Policy and a Public Ethic of Care
"Welfare Is a Woman’s Issue": The Subtext of Welfare "Reform"
Justifications of Welfare
The Matemalist Justification of Welfare
Welfare Justified by Dependency Considerations
Conditions for the Derived Dependency of Dependency Workers
The Principle of Doulia as a Justification for Welfare
The Family and Medical Leave Act
Reading the Family and Medical Leave Act
Welfare Re-Formed: A Vision of Welfare Based on Doulia
Chapter 6 "Not My Way, Sesha Your Way. Slowly." A Personal Narrative
A Child is Born
Portrait of Sesha at Twenty-Seven
On the Very Possibility of Mothering and the Challenge of the Severely Disabled Child
Mothering Distributed: The Work of Dependency Care
She Came to Stay
Peggy and I
Alternative RoutesRoutes Not Taken
Chapter 7 Maternal Thinking with a Difference
Socialization for Acceptance
Care for Disability and Social Justice
Lessons for the Theoretician