Two late-developing nations, Japan and Italy, similarly obsessed with achieving modernity and with joining the ranks of the great powers, have traveled parallel courses with very different national identities. In this audacious book about leadership and historical choices, Richard J. Samuels emphasizes the role of human ingenuity in political change. He draws on interviews and archival research in a fascinating series of paired biographies of political and business leaders from Italy and Japan.
Beginning with the founding of modern nation-states after the Meiji Restoration and the Risorgimento, Samuels traces the developmental dynamic in both countries through the failure of early liberalism, the coming of fascism, imperial adventures, defeat in wartime, and reconstruction as American allies. Highlights of Machiavelli's Children include new accounts of the making of postwar Japanese politicsusing American money and Manchukuo connectionsand of the collapse of Italian political parties in the Clean Hands (Mani Pulite) scandal. The author also tells the more recent stories of Umberto Bossi's regional experiment, the Lega Nord, the different choices made by Italian and Japanese communist party leaders after the collapse of the USSR, and the leadership of Silvio Berlusconi and Ishihara Shintar on the contemporary right in each country.
|Publisher:||Cornell University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.95(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Table of Contents
|Preface: Leaders Matter||ix|
|Introduction: Why Leaders Matter||1|
|Part I.||Creation Stories: The Nineteenth Century|
|1.||Chasing Prestige and Security||21|
|2.||How to Build a State: Count Cavour, Ito Hirobumi, and Yamagata Aritomo||41|
|3.||How to Build Wealth: Alessandro Rossi, Okubo Toshimichi, and Shibusawa Eichi||69|
|Part II.||Liberal Exhaustion: The Early Twentieth Century|
|4.||The Death of Liberalism: Giovanni Giolitti and Hara Kei||99|
|5.||The Birth of Corporatism: Muto Sanji, Alessandro Rossi, Kishi Nobusuke, Giovanni Agnelli, and Ayukawa Gisuke||124|
|6.||The Total Leader: Benito Mussolini||152|
|Part III||In the American Imperium: The Cold War|
|8.||What Kind of Ally to Be: Alcide De Gasperi and Yoshida Shigeru||197|
|9.||Putting Corruption in Its Place: Kishi Nobusuke and Amintore Fanfani||225|
|Part IV.||Degrees of Freedom: After the Cold War|
|11.||Choices on the Left: Achille Occhetto and Fuwa Tetsuzo||299|
|12.||Options on the Right: Umberto Bossi, Silvio Berlusconi, Ozawa Ichiro, and Ishihara Shintaro||316|
|Conclusion: How Leaders Have Mattered in Italy and Japan||344|
What People are Saying About This
A highly original and intellectually courageous piece of work, Machiavelli's Children opens up new horizons and perspectives, and will undoubtedly be the subject of considerable commentary. Richard J. Samuels is a natural comparativist: the balance between the two cases, the well-constructed conclusions to each chapter, the pausing over individual comparative detail are the best things in the book.
A breathtakingly original and ambitious book, Machiavelli's Children sets a new standard for work in comparative politics, and restores to its proper place the classic question of the role of leaders in political history. The book offers fresh and unexpected insights into the course of both Japanese and Italian history, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. In moving us away from standard national histories-inevitably mired in 'exceptionalism'-Samuels offers a whole new way to conceive of the paths taken by states in the modern era. This truly rare and exciting piece of political and historical research raises the bar for all future study.
What a wonderful book! Machiavelli's Children shows not just why, but how, leaders shape history. It astutely identifies the coercive, material, and normative mechanisms leaders use to loosen constraints and make choices, and offers fascinating paired comparisons of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Japanese and Italian leaders who confronted problems of statebuilding, economic organization, and the character of political regimes. A joy to read, this engaging book combines analytical chronicles with sustained theoretical perceptions to powerfully illuminate social science's central puzzles of 'structure' and 'agency.'
Italy and Japan share the experience of the United States's postwar attempts to dictate political systems for them-in each case emphasizing neofascism over democracy and independence. As it turns out, both countries also share a lot more than that, as Richard J. Samuels demonstrates in this tour de force of comparative politics.