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Magnesium Technology 2011 / Edition 1

Magnesium Technology 2011 / Edition 1


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Magnesium Technology 2011 / Edition 1

The Magnesium Technology Symposium, which takes place every year at the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers are presented in all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2011 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; ecology; and structural applications. In addition, you'll find coverage of new and emerging applications in such areas as biomedicine and hydrogen storage.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118029367
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 03/08/2011
Pages: 668
Product dimensions: 8.60(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.60(d)

About the Author

The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society
Wim Sillekens
, TNO Science and Industry, The Netherlands

Sean R. Agnew, University of Virginia,

Neale R. Neelameggham, US Magnesium LLC.

Suveen N. Mathaudhu, US Army Research Laboratory.

Table of Contents


About the Editor.

About the Organizers.

Magnesium Technology 2011.

Opening Session.

Magnesium in North America: A Changing Landscape (S.Slade).

Global Magnesium Research: State-of-the-Art and What's Next?(K. Kainer).

Environmental Challenges for the Magnesium Industry (R.Brown).

Predicting Mg Strength from First-principles: Solid-solutionStrengthening, Softening, and Cross-slip (D. Trinkle, J. Yasi,andL. Hector).

Biodegradable Magnesium Implants - How Do They Corrode in-vivo?(F. Witte, N. Hort, and F. Feyerabend).

The Next Generation of Magnesium Based Material to Sustain theIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Policy (F. D'Errico, GGarces, and S. Fare).

JIM INTERNATIONAL SCHOLAR AWARD WINNER: Fracture Mechanism andToughness in Fine- and Coarse-Grained Magnesium Alloys (H.Somekawa, A. Singh, and T. Mukai).

Primary Production; Characterization and MechanicalPerformance.

The Development of the Multipolar Magnesium Cell: A Case Historyof International Cooperation in a Competitive World (O.Sivilotti).

Effect of KC1 on Liquidus of LiF-MgF2 Molten Salts (S.Yang, F. Yang, X. Hu, Z. Wang, Z. Shi, andB. Gao).

Efficiency and Stability of Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzersfor Magnesium Production (E. Gratz, S. Pati, J. Milshtein, A.Powell, and U. Pal).

Magnesium Production by Vacuum Aluminothemic Reduction of AMixture of Calcined Dolomite and Calcined Magnesite (W. Hu, N.Feng, Y. Wang, and Z. Wang).

Multiphase Diffusion Study for Mg-Al Binary Alloy System (Y.Kim, S. Das, M. Paliwal, and I. Jung).

Experiments and Modeling of Fatigue of an Extruded Mg AZ61 Alloy(J. Jordon, J. Gibson, and M. Horstemeyer).

Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Die-Cast Mg Alloy AZ91 (L.Rettberg, W. Anderson, andJ. Jones).

Small Fatigue Crack Growth Observations in an Extruded MagnesiumAlloy (J. Bernard, J. Jordon, and M. Horstemeyer).

Applicability of Mg-Zn-(Y, Gd) Alloys for Engine Pistons (K.Okamoto, M. Sasaki, N. Takahashi, Q. Wang, Y. Gao, D. Yin, and C.Chen).

Compressive Creep Behaviour of Extruded Mg Alloys at 150 °C(M. Fletcher, L. Bichler, D. Sediako, andR. Klassen).

The Effect of Thermomechanical Processing on The Creep Behaviorand Fracture Toughness of Thixomolded Am60 Alloy (Z. Chen,A. Shyam, J. Howe, J. Huang, R. Decker, S. LeBeau, and GBoehlert).

Casting and Solidification.

Simulation of Porosity and Hot Tears in a Squeeze Cast MagnesiumControl Arm (C. Beckermann, K. Carlson, J. Jekl, andR.Berkmortel).

Dendritic Microstructure in Directional Solidification ofMagnesium Alloys (M. Amoorezaei, S. Gurevich, andN.Provatas).

Microstructures and Casting Defects of Magnesium Alloy Made by aNew Type of Semisolid Injection Process (Y. Murakami, N. Omura,M. Li, T. Tamura, S. Tada, andK. Miwa).

Macrostructure Evolution in Directionally Solidified Mg-REAlloys (M. Salgado-Ordorica, W. Punessen, S. Yi, J. Bohlen, K.Kainer, andN. Hort).

Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Cast Mg AZ31-B AlloyProduced by Magnetic Suspension Melting Process (N. Rimkus, M.Weaver, andN. El-Kaddah).

Investigations on Hot Tearing of Mg-Zn-(Al) Alloys (L. Zhou,Y. Huang, P. Mao, K. Kainer, Z. Liu, andN. Hort).

Proportional Strength-Ductility Relationship of Non-SF6 DiecastAZ91D Eco-Mg Alloys (S. Kim).

Estimation of Heat Transfer Coefficient in Squeeze Casting ofMagnesium Alloy AM60 by Experimental Polynomial ExtrapolationMethod (Z. Sun, X. Niu, and H. Hu).

Wide Strip Casting Technology of Magnesium Alloys (W. Park,J. Kim, I. Kim, andD. Choo).

Microstructural Analysis of Segregated Area in Twin Roll Cast MgAlloy Sheet (J. Kim, W. Park, andD. Choo).

Development of the Electromagnetic Continuous Casting Technologyfor Mg Alloys (J. Park, M. Kim, J. Kim, G. Lee, U. Yoon, and W.Kim).

Alloy Design/Development: Grain Refinement and Severe PlasticDeformation.

Effect of Zn/Gd Ratio on Phase Constitutions in Mg-Zn-Gd Alloys(S. Zhang, G Yuan, C. Lu, and W. Ding).

Optimization of Magnesium-Aluminum-Tin Alloys for As-CastMicrostructure And Mechanical Properties (X. Kang, A. Luo, P.Fu, Z. Li, T. Zhu, L. Peng, and W. Ding).

Thermodynamic Analysis of As-cast and Heat TreatedMicrostructures of Mg-Ce-Nd Alloys (M Easton, S. Zhu, M.Gibson, J. Nie, J. Groëbner, A. Kozlov, andR.Schmid-Fetzer).

Compressive Strength and Hot Deformation Behavior of TX32Magnesium Alloy with 0.4% Al and 0.4% Si Additions (K. Rao, Y.Prasad, K. Suresh, C. Dharmendra, N. Hort, and K. Kainer).

An Analysis of the Grain Refinement of Magnesium By Zirconium(P. Saha, andS. Viswanathan).

Study on the Grain Refinement Behavior of Mg-Zr Master Alloy andZr Containing Compounds in Mg-10Gd-3Y Magnesium Alloy (G. Wu, M.Sun, J. Dai, and W. Ding).

The Effect of Rare Earth Elements on the Texture and Formabilityof Shear Rolled Magnesium Sheet (D. Randman, B. Davis, M.Alderman, G Muralidharan, T. Muth, W. Peter, T. Watkins, and O.Cavin).

Improvement of Strength and Ductility of Mg-Zn-Ca-Mn Alloy byEqual Channel Angular Pressing (L. Tong, M. Zheng, S. Xu, P.Song, K. Wu, and S. Kamado).

Deformation Behavior of a Friction Stir Processed Mg Alloy(Q. Yang, S. Mironov, Y. Sato, andK. Okamoto).

Effect of Heat Index on Microstructure and Mechanical Behaviorof Friction Stir Processed AZ31 (W. Yuan, andR. Mishra).

Strengthening Mg-Al-Zn Alloy by Repetitive Oblique Shear Strain(T. Mukai, H. Somekawa, A. Singh, and T. Inoue).

High-Temperature Alloys; High-Strength Alloys:Precipitation.

Creep and Elemental Partitioning Behavior of Mg-Al-Ca-Sn Alloyswith the Addition of Sr (J. TerBush, O. Chen, J. Jones, and T.Pollock).

Effect of Mn Addition on Creep Property in Mg-Al-2Ca Systems(T. Homma, S. Nakawaki, K. Oh-ishi, K. Hono, andS.Kamado).

The Effect of Precipitate State on the Creep Performance ofMg-Sn Alloys (M. Gibson, X. Fang, C. Bett les, and GHutchinson).

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-Zn-Y-M (M: MixedRE) Alloys with LPSO Phase (J. Kim, and Y. Kawamura).

Application of Neutron Diffraction in Characterization ofTexture Evolution During High-Temperature Creep in Magnesium Alloys(D. Sediako, S. Shook, S. Vogel, and A. Sediako).

Improved Processing of Mg-Zn-Y Alloys Containing QuasicrystalPhase for Isotropie High Strength and Ductility (A. Singh, Y.Osawa, H Somekawa, and T. Mukai).

Precipitation Hardenable Mg-Ca-Al Alloys (J. Jayaraj, C.Mendis, T. Ohkubo, K. Oh-ishi, and K. Hono).

Microstructure, Phase Evolution and Precipitation Strengtheningof Mg-3.lNd-0.45Zr-0.25Zn Alloy (G Atiya, M. Bamberger, and A.Katsman).

Precipitation Process in Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr-Gd/Y Alloy (J. Li, G.Sha, P. Schumacher, and S. Ringer).

Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of Twin-roll CastMg-2.4Zn-0.lAg-0.lCa-0.16Zr Alloy (C. Mendis, J. Bae, N. Kim,and K. Hono).

The Solidification Microstructure and PrecipitationInvestigation of Magnesium-rich Alloys Containing Zn and Ce (C.Zhang, A. Luo, and Y. Chang).

Deformation Mechanisms I.

Crystal Plasticity Analysis on Compressive Loading of Magnesiumwith Suppression of Twinning (T. Mayama, T. Ohashi, K.Higashida, and Y. Kawamura).

Crystal Plasticity Modeling of Pure Magnesium Considering VolumeFraction of Deformation Twinning (Y. Tadano).

Nucleation Mechanism for Shuffling Dominated Twinning inMagnesium (S. Kim, H. ElKadiri, and M. Horstemeyer).

On the Impact of Second Phase Particles on Twinning in MagnesiumAlloys (M. Barnett, N. Stanford, J. Geng, and J.Robson).

Influence of Crystallographic Orientation on Twin Nucleation inSingle Crystal Magnesium (C. Barrett, M. Tschopp, H. El Kadiri,and B. Li).

Twinning Multiplicity in an AM30 Magnesium Alloy Under UniaxialCompression (Q. Ma, H. El Kadiri, A. Oppedal, J. Baird, and M.Horstemeyer).

Inhomogeneous Deformation of AZ31 Magnesium Sheet in UniaxialTension (J. Kang, D. Wilkinson, and R. Mishra).

Limitation of Current Hardening Models in Predicting Anisotropyby Twinning in HCP Metals: Application to a Rod-textured AM30Magnesium Alloy (A. Oppedal, H. El Kadiri, C. Tome, J. Baird, S.Vogel, and M. Horstemeyer).

Deformation Behavior of Mg from Micromechanics to EngineeringApplications (E. Lilleodden, J. Mosler, M. Homayonifar, M.Nebebe, G. Kim, and N. Huber).

Effect of Substituted Aluminum in Magnesium Tension Twin (K.Solanki, A. Moitra, and M. Bhatia).

Deformation Mechanisms II; Formabilitv and Forming.

Influence of Solute Cerium on the Deformation Behavior of anMg-0.5wt.% Ce Alloy (L. Jiang, J. Jonas, and R. Mishra).

Texture Weakening Effect of Y in Mg-Zn-Y System (S.Farzadfar, M. Sanjari, I. Jung, E. Es-Sadiqi, and S. Yue).

In-Situ Scanning Electron Microscopy Comparison ofMicrostructure and Deformation Behavior between WE43-F and\VE43-T5Magnesium Alloys (T. Sano, J. Yu, B. Davis, R. DeLorme, andK.Cho).

A Molecular Dynamics Study of Fracture Behavior in MagnesiumSingle Crystal (T. Tang, S. Kim, M. Horstemeyer, and P.Wang).

Microstructural Relationship in the Damage Evolution Process ofan Az61 Magnesium Alloy (M. Lugo, J. Jordon, M. Horstemeyer, andM. Tschopp).

Formability Enhancement in Hot Extruded Magnesium Alloys (R.Mishra, A. Gupta, R. Sikand, A. Sachdev, and L. Jin).

Deformation and Evolution of Microstructure and Texture duringHigh Speed Heavy Rolling of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Sheet (T.Sakai, A. Hashimoto, G. Hamada, and H. Utsunomiya).

Formability of Magnesium Sheet ZE10 and AZ31 with Respect toInitial Texture (L. Stutz, J. Bohlen, D. Letzig, and K.Kainer).

Hot Workability of Alloy WE43 Examined using Hot Torsion Testing(F. Polesak, B. Davis, R. DeLorme, and S. Agnew).

Enhancement of Superplastic Forming Limit of Magnesium Sheets byCounter-Pressurizing (W. Bang, H. Lee, H. Kim, and Y.Chang).

Microstructural Evolution during Roller Hemming of AZ31Magnesium Sheet (A. Levinson, R. Mishra, J. Carsley, R. Doherty,and S. Kalidindi).

The Warm Forming Performance of Mg Sheet Materials (P.Krajewski, P. Friedman, andJ. Singh).

New Applications (Biomedical and Other).

Current Research Activities of Biomédical Mg Alloys inChina (Y. Zheng).

Design Considerations for Developing Biodegradable MagnesiumImplants (H. Brar, B. Keselowsky, M. Sarntinoranont, and M.Manuel).

Coating Systems for Magnesium-Based Biomaterials - State of theArt (M. Staiger, and J. Waterman).

Corrosion, Surface Modification and Biocompatibility of Mg andMg Alloys (S. Virtanen, and B. Fabry).

Magnesium Alloys For Bioabsorbable Stents: A FeasibilityAssessment (C. Deng, R. Radhakrishnan, S. Larsen, D. Boismier,J. Stinson, A. Hotchkiss, J. Weber, T. Scheuermann, and E.Petersen).

Processing Aspects of Magnesium Alloy Stent Tube (R.Werkhoven, W. Sillekens, and K. van Lieshout).

Ballistic Analysis of New Military Grade Magnesium Alloys forArmor Applications (T. Jones, andK. Kondoh).

Mg17Al12 Intermetallic Prepared by Bulk Mechanical Alloying(K. Sakuragi, M. Sato, T. Honjo, and T. Kuji).

Corrosion Behaviour of Mg Alloys in Various Basic Media:Application of Waste Encapsulation of Fuel Decanning from UNGGNuclear Reactor (D. Lambertin, A. Blachere, F. Frizon, and F.Bart).

Advanced Materials and Processing.

Characterization of Hot Extruded Mg/SiC NanocompositesFabricated by Casting (S. Nimityongskul, N. Alba-Baena, H. Choi,M. Jones, T. Wood, M. Sahoo, R. Lakes, S. Kou, and X. Li).

Effects of Silicon Carbide Nanoparticles on MechanicalProperties and Microstructure of As-Cast Mg-12wt.% Al-0.2wt.% MnNanocomposites (H. Choi, H. Konishi, and X. Li).

Thermally-Stabilized Nanocrystalline Mg-Alloys (S. Mathaudhu,K. Darling, and L. Kecskes).

TiNi Reinforced Magnesium Composites by Powder Metallurgy(Z. Esen).

Nanocrystalline Mg-Matrix Composites with Ultrahigh DampingProperties (B. Anasori, S. Amini, V. Presser, and M.Barsoum).

Effect of Fiber Reinforcement on Corrosion Resistance of Mg AM60Alloy-based Composites in NaCl Solutions (Q. Zhang, and H.Hu).

The Production of Powder Metallurgy Hot Extruded Mg-Al-Mn-CaAlloy with High Strength and Limited Anisotropy (A. Elsayed, J.Umeda, and K. Kondoh).

Thermal Effects of Calcium and Yttrium Additions on theSintering of Magnesium Powder (P. Burke, C. Petit, S. Yakoubi,and G. Kipouros).

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Solid State RecycledMg Alloy Chips (K. Matsuzaki, Y. Murakoshi, and T.Shimizu).

Corrosion and Coatings.

Salt Spray Corrosion of Mechanical Junctions of MagnesiumCastings (S. Grassini, P. Matteis, G. Scavino, M. Rossetto,andD. Firrao).

Comparing the Corrosion Effects of Two Environments on As-Castand Extruded Magnesium Alloys (H. Martin, C. Walton, J. Danzy,A. Hicks, M. Horstemeyer, and P. Wang).

Influence of Lanthanum Concentration on the Corrosion Behaviourof Binary Mg-La Alloys (D. Hoche, R. Campos, C. Blawert, and K.Kainer).

Cryogenic Burnishing of AZ31B Mg Alloy for Enhanced CorrosionResistance (Z. Pu, G. Song, S. Yang, O. Dillon, D. Puleo,and I. Jawahir).

Advanced Conversion Coatings for Magnesium Alloys (S.Nibhanupudi, and A. Manavbasi).

Development of Zirconium-based Conversion Coatings for thePretreatment of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy Prior to Electrocoating(J. Reck, Y. Wang, and H Kuo).

Use of an AC/DC/AC Electrochemical Technique to Assess theDurability of Protection Systems for Magnesium Alloys (S. Song,R. McCune, W. Shen, and Y. Wang).

Effects of Oxidation Time on Micro-arc Oxidized Coatings ofMagnesium Alloy AZ91D in Aluminate Solution (W.Mu, Z. Li, J. Du, R. Luo, and Z. Xi).

Composite Coatings Combining PEO layer and EPD Layer onMagnesium Alloy (Y. Jiang, K. Yang, and Y. Bao).

Poster Session.

Growth Kinetics of Y-Al12Mg17 andß-Al3Mg2 Intermetallic Phases in Mg vs.Al Diffusion Coupes(S. Brennan, K. Bermudez, N. Kulkarni, and Y.Sohn).

Development and Characterization of New AZ41 and AZ51 MagnesiumAlloys (M. Alam, H. Samson, A. Hamouda, Q. Nguyen, and M.Gupta).

Engineering a More Efficient Zirconium Grain Refiner ForMagnesium (S. Viswanathan, P. Saha, D. Foley, andK.Hartwig).

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-1.7Y-1.2Zn SheetProcessed by Hot Rolling and Friction Stir Processing (V. Jain,J. Su, R. Mishra, R. Verma, A. Javaid, M. Aljarrah, andE.Essadiqi).

The Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Cast Mg-5SnBased Alloys (M. Keyvani, R. Mahmudi, and G. Nayyeri).

Effect of Cooling Rate and Chemical Modification on the TensileProperties of Mg-5wt. % Si Alloy (F. Mirshahi, M. Meratian, M.Zahrani, andE. Zahrani).

On Predicting the Channel Die Compression Behavior of HCPMagnesium AM30 using Crystal Plasticity FEM (Q. Ma, E. Marin, A.Antonyraj, Y. Hammi, H. El Kadiri, P. Wang, and M.Horstemeyer).

Investigation of Microhardness and Microstructure of AZ31 Alloyafter High-Pressure Torsion (J. Vrâtnâ, M. Janecek, J.Strâsky, H. Kim, andE. Yoon).

Plastic Deformation of Magnesium Alloy Subjected toCompression-First Cyclic Loading (S. Lee, M. Gharghouri, andJ.Root).

Microstructure Evolution in AZ61L During TTMP and SubsequentAnnealing Treatments (T. Berman, W. Donlon, R. Decker, J. Huang,T. Pollock, andJ. Jones).

Modeling the Corrosive Effects of Various Magnesium AlloysExposed to Two Saltwater Environments (H. Martin, C. Walton, J.Danzy, A. Hicks, M. Horstemeyer, and P. Wang).

Corrosion Performance of Mg-Ti Alloys Synthesized by MagnetronSputtering (Z Xu, G. Song, andD. Haddad).

Structure and Mechanical Properties of Magnesium-Titanium SolidSolution Thin Film Alloys Prepared by Magnetron-sputter Deposition(D. Haddad, G Song, and Y. Cheng).

Effect of Adding SiO2-Al2O3 Solinto Anodizing Bath on Corrosion Resistance of Oxidation Film onMagnesium Alloy(H. Liu, L. Zhu, and W. Li).

Monotonie and Fatigue Behavior of Mg Alloy in Friction Stir SpotWelds: An International Benchmark Test in the "Magnesium Front EndResearch and Development" Project (H. Badarinarayan, S.Behravesh, S. Bhole, D. Chen, J. Grantham, M. Horstemeyer, H.Jahed, J. Jordon, S. Lambert, H. Patel, X. Su, and Y.Yang).


Controlling the Biodegradation Rate of Magnesium-Based Implantsthrough Surface Nanocrystallization Induced by Cryogenic MachiningImplants through Surface Nanocrystallization Induced by CryogenicMachining (Z. Pu, D. Puleo, O. Dillon, and I. Jawahir).

Author Index 643

Subject Index.

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