Volume One explores three traditions: the French liberal school of political sociology, represented by Montesquieu and Tocqueville; the Comtean tradition, anticipating Durkheim in its elevation of social unity and consensus; and the Marxists, who posited the struggle between classes and placed their faith in historical necessity. In his customary clear and penetrating prose, Aron argues that each of these schools offers its own theory of the diversity of societies and that "each is inspired both by moral convictions and by scientific hypotheses."
This Routledge Classics edition includes an introduction by Daniel J. Mahoney and Brian C. Anderson.
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About the Author
Table of ContentsForeword to the Routledge Classics edition
Introduction to the Routledge Classics edition
- Auguste Comte
- Karl Marx
- Alexis de Tocqueville
- The Sociologists and the Revolution of 1848