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Bedford/St. Martin's
Making Arguments About Literature: A Compact Guide and Anthology / Edition 1

Making Arguments About Literature: A Compact Guide and Anthology / Edition 1

by John Schilb
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900312431470
    Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
    Publication date: 10/28/2004
    Edition description: First Edition
    Pages: 984
    Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

    About the Author

    JOHN SCHILB (Ph.D., State University of New York -- Binghamton) is an associate professor of English at Indiana University, Bloomington, where he holds the Culbertson Chair in Writing. He has coedited Contending with Words: Composition and Rhetoric in a Postmodern Age (1991) and, with John Clifford, Writing Theory and Critical Theory (1994). He is author of Between the Lines: Relating Composition Theory and Literary Theory (1996).

    JOHN CLIFFORD (Ph.D., New York University) is a professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Author or editor of several composition textbooks, he has published numerous scholarly articles on pedagogy, critical theory and composition theory, and has edited two books on those subjects: The Experience of Reading: Louise Rosenblatt and Reader-Response Theory (1991) and, with John Schilb, Writing Theory and Critical Theory.

    Table of Contents

    Preface for Instructors


    1. What Is Literature: What Is Argument?
    How Have People Defined Literature?
    Why Read Literature?
    What is Argument?

    2. Developing Arguments about Literature
    Responding to Four Poems about Work
    William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper
    Stephen Dunn, Hard Work
    Dorianne Laux, What I Wouldn't Do
    Maura Stanton, Shoplifters
    The Elements of Argument
    Issues / Claims / Persuasion /Audience / Evidence / Warrants
    Literature as Argument
    John Milton, When I Consider How My Light Is Spent
    Investigating Topics of Literary Criticism
    Lynda Hull, Night Waitress

    3. Writing an Argument
    William Wordsworth, The Solitary Reaper
    Title / Style / Introduction / Development / Emphasis / Conclusion /
    Further Suggestions for Developing an Argument about a Work of Literature
    Sample Student Paper: First Draft
    Abby Hazelton, The Passage of Time in "The Solitary Reaper"
    Recognizing and Avoiding Fallacies / Logic / Organization / Clarity /
    Emphasis / Style / Grammar / Physical Appearance
    Sample Student Paper: Revised Draft
    Abby Hazelton, The Passage of Time in "The Solitary Reaper"
    Writing a Comparative Paper
    Ted Kooser, Four Secretaries
    Sample Comparative Paper
    Marla Tracy, When Singing Is Not Singing

    4. Making Arguments about Stories
    Eudora Welty, A Visit of Charity
    William Carlos Williams, The Use of Force
    Rebecca Brown, The Gift of Sweat
    Students' Personal Responses to the Stories
    The Elements of Short Fiction
    Plot and Structure / Point of View / Characters / Setting / Imagery / Language / Theme
    Sample Student Paper: Final Draft
    Alison Caldwell, Forms of Blindness in "The Use of Force"

    5. Making Arguments about Poems
    Rosanna Warren, In Creve Couer, Missouri
    Charles Fort, We Did Not Fear the Father
    Philip Levine, What Work Is
    Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Mill
    Yusef Komunyakaa, Blackberries
    Mary Oliver, Singapore
    A Student's Personal Responses to the Poems
    Sample Student Paper: First Draft
    Michaela Fiorruci, Boundaries in Robinson, Komunyakaa, and Oliver
    The Elements of Poetry
    Speaker and Tone / Diction and Syntax / Figures of Speech / Sound/ /Rhythm and Meter / Theme
    Revised Student Draft
    Michaela Fiorruci, Negotiating Boundaries

    6. Making Arguments about Plays
    August Strindberg, The Stronger
    Susan Glaspell, Trifles
    A Student's Personal Response to the Plays
    The Elements of Drama
    Plot and Structure/ Characters/ Stage Directions and Setting/ Imagery / Language / Theme
    Sample Student Paper
    Trish Carlisle, "Which Is the Stronger Actress in Strindberg's Play?"

    7. Making Arguments about Essays
    June Jordan, Many Rivers to Cross
    Alice Walker, In Search of Our Mother's Gardens
    A Student's Personal Response
    The Elements of Essays
    Voice / Style / Structure / Ideas /
    Sample Student Paper
    Isla Bravo, Resisting Women's Roles

    8. Writing a Research Paper
    Identifying an Issue and a Tentative Claim
    Finding and Using Secondary Sources
    Finding Sources in the Library
    Evaluating Sources
    Finding Sources with a Computer
    Taking Notes: Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Quoting, and Avoiding Plagiarism
    Writing the Paper: Integrating Sources
    Documenting Sources: MLA Format
    MLA In-Text Citation
    MLA Works Cited
    Books / Short Works from Collections and Anthologies/ Works in Periodicals / CD-ROMs / The Internet / Personal Communication / Multiple Works by the Same Author
    Sample Student Research Paper
    Rebecca Stanley, Racial Disharmony and "Désirée's Baby"
    Using a Literary Work as a Springboard for Examining Social Issues
    Sample Student Research Paper
    Jason Fisk, "Effectively 'Managing' Grief"


    Story Clusters
    Mothers and Daughters
    Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing
    Amy Tan, Two Kinds
    Alice Walker, Everyday Use
    Romantic Dreams
    Leslie Marmon Silko, Yellow Woman
    James Joyce, Araby
    John Updike, A & P
    Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado
    Louise Erdrich, Fleur
    Andre Dubus, Killings
    Losing Innocence: Re-Visions of Little Red Riding Hood
    Charles Perrault, Little Red Riding Hood
    Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Little Red Cap
    Angela Carter, The Company of Wolves

    Poetry Clusters
    Reconciling with Fathers
    Lucille Clifton, forgiving my father
    Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays
    Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz
    Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Father from Asia
    Responding to Teachers
    Langston Hughes, Theme for English B
    Linda Pastan, Ethics
    Henry Reed, Naming of Parts
    Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
    Rosemary Catacalos, David Talamantez on the Last Day of Second Grade
    Gays and Lesbians in Families
    Essex Hemphill, Commitments
    Kitty Tsui, A Chinese Banquet
    Minnie Bruce Pratt, Two Small-Sized Girls
    True Love
    William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds
    Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband
    e. e. cummings, somewhere i have never travelled
    Edna St. Vincent Millay, Love Is Not All
    Poetry of the Holocaust
    Pastor Martin Niemoller, "First They Came for the Jews"
    Nelly Sachs, "A Dead Child Speaks"
    Yevgeny Yevtuchenko, "Babii Yar"
    Karen Gershon, "Race"
    Anne Sexton, "After Auschwitz"
    Imagining the End: A Collection of Writings by Emily Dickinson
    Emily Dickinson, I like a look of Agony
    I've seen a Dying Eye
    I heard a Fly buzz -- when I died --
    Because I could not stop for Death--
    Disrespecting Death
    John Donne, Death Be Not Proud
    Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
    Wyslawa Szymborska, On Death, without Exaggeration

    A Drama Cluster
    A Family's Dreams: Cultural Contexts for Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun
    Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun
    Cultural Contexts:
    The Crisis, The Hansberrys of Chicago: They Join Business Acumen with Social Vision
    Lorraine Hansberry, April 23, 1964, Letter to the New York Times
    Alan Ehrenhalt, From The Lost City: Discovering the Forgotten Virtues of Community in the Chicago of the 1950s
    Sidney Poitier, From The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography

    Essay Clusters
    Community Justice
    Scott Russell Sanders, Doing Time in the Thirteenth Chair
    Joyce Carol Oates, I, the Juror
    Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman
    Reflecting on Killing Animals
    George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant
    Annie Dillard, The Deer at Providencia
    Bruce Weigl, Spike
    Comparing School Culture with the Culture of Home: Critical Commentaries on Richard Rodriguez's "Aria"
    Richard Rodriguez, Aria
    Critical Commentaries:
    Ramón Saldívar, From Chicano Narrative
    Tomás Rivera, From "Richard Rodriguez's Hunger of Memory as Humanistic Antithesis"
    Victor Villanueva Jr., From "Whose Voice Is It Anyway?"


    A Gallery of Stories
    James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues
    Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson
    Raymond Carver, What We Talk About When We Talk about Love
    Kate Chopin, Desiree's Baby
    Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour
    Willliam Faulkner, A Rose for Emily
    Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World
    Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper
    Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown
    Pam Houston, How to Talk to a Hunter
    Jamaica Kincaid, Girl
    Bharati Mukherjee, The Management of Grief
    Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried
    Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find

    A Gallery of Poems
    Sherman Alexie, Capital Punishment
    Julia Alvarez, How I Learned to Sweep
    Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach
    Elizabeth Bishop, One Art
    Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish
    Gwendolyn Brooks, The Mother
    Robert Browning, My Last Duchess
    Countee Cullen, Incident
    Toi Derricotte, Fears of Eighth Grade
    Mark Doty, Night Ferry
    Cornelius Eady, Who Am I?
    T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
    Carolyn Forche, The Colonel
    Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking
    Mending Wall
    Nikki Giovanni, Legacies
    Louise Gluck, The School Children
    Seamus Heaney, Punishment
    Linda Hogan, Heritage
    Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall
    A. E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now
    John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn
    Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks
    D. H. Lawrence, Snake
    Denise Levertov, The Ache of Marriage
    Philip Levine, Among Children
    Robert Lowell, To Speak of the Woe That Is Marriage
    Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
    Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress
    Marge Piercy, To Be of Use
    Sylvia Plath, Daddy
    Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd
    Alberto Rios, Mi Abuelo
    Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory
    Anne Sexton, The Farmer's Wife
    Percy Shelley, Ozymandias
    Stevie Smith, Not Waving But Drowning
    Cathy Song, The Grammar of Silk
    Gary Soto, Behind Grandma's House
    William Stafford, Traveling through the Dark
    Wislawa Szymborska, True Love
    William Carlos Williams, The Last Words of My English Grandmother
    James Wright, Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy's Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota
    William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming
    Adam Zagajewski, Try to Praise the Mutilated World

    A Gallery of Plays
    Sophocles, Antigone
    William Shakespeare, Hamlet

    A Gallery of Essays
    Diane Ackerman, The Perfect Union
    bell hooks, Inspired Eccentricity
    Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail
    N. Scott Momaday, The Way to Rainy Mountain
    Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal

    Appendix: Making Arguments Using Critical Approaches
    Contemporary Schools of Criticism
    New Criticism; Feminist Criticism; Psychoanalytic Criticism; Marxist Criticism; Deconstruction; @b=Reader-Response Criticism; Postcolonial Criticism; New Historicism
    Working with the Critical Approaches
    James Joyce, Counterparts
    Ann Petry, Like a Winding Sheet
    Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines
    Index of Key Terms
    (inside back cover)

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