This book is the most up-to-date and comprehensive review of our knowledge of the management of mycorrhizas in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. It contains twenty-four reviews written by leading international scientists from eight countries. The reviews consider the ecology, biology and taxonomy of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal fungi, the information and functioning of mycorrhizas and opportunities for managing these symbioses. The book will be essential reading for scientists and advisors responsible for ensuring that the maximum benefit is obtained from mycorrhizal symbioses in agriculture, horticulture and forestry and in the reclamation of degraded lands.
Table of ContentsPreface. The mycorrhizal association -- just one of many nutrient acquiring specializations in natural ecosystems; J.S. Pate. The contributions of mycorrhizal fungi to the determination of plant community structure; R. Francis, D.J. Read. An economic approach to evaluate the role of mycorrhizas in managed ecosystems; M. Miller, T. McGonigle, H. Addy. Consideration of the taxonomy and biodiversity of Australian ectomycorrhizal fungi; M.A. Castellano, N.L. Bougher. Levels of diversity in endomycorrhizal fungi (Glomales, Zygomycetes) and their role in defining taxonomic and non-taxonomic groups; J.B. Morton, S.P. Bentivenga. The ecology of ectomycorrhiza formation and functioning; G.D. Bowen. An ecological view of the formation of VA mycorrhizas; L.K. Abbott, C. Gazey. Comparative structure of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and ectomycorrhizas; R.L. Peterson, P. Bonfante. Nutrient uptake in mycorrhizal symbiosis; H. Marschner, B. Dell. Nutrient transport in mycorrhizas: structure, physiology and consequences for efficiency of the symbiosis; S.E. Smith, V. Gianinazzi-Pearson, R. Koide, J.W.G. Cairney. Possible role of soil microorganisms in aggregation in soils; J.M. Tisdall. Interactions between mycorrhizal fungi and other soil organisms; A.H. Fitter, J. Garbaye. The functioning of ectomycorrhizal fungi in the field: linkages in space and time; M.P. Amaranthus, D.A. Perry. Research approaches to study the functioning of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas in the field; I. Jakobsen. The screening and selection of inoculant arbuscular-mycorrhizal and ectomycorrhizal fungi; J.C. Dodd, B.D. Thomson. Genetics of ectomycorrhizal fungi: progress and prospects; F. Martin, I.C. Tommerup, D. Tagu. Genetic manipulation in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Y. Piché, L. Simon, A. Séguin. Host genotype and the formation and function of VA mycorrhizae; J.H. Graham, D.M. Eissenstat. What is the potential for management of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in horticulture? D.C.N. Chang. What is the potential for management of mycorrhizas in agriculture? J.P. Thompson. The potential for management of ectomycorrhiza in forestry; T.S. Grove, N. Malajczuk. Management of mycorrhizas in revegetation; D.A. Jasper. Issues concerning the production and use of inocula of ectomycorrhizal fungi in increasing the economic productivity of plantations; C. Kuek. Production of inoculum and inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; D.M. Sylvia, A.G. Jarstfer.