Manly Arts: Masculinity and Nation in Early American Cinema
Manly Arts: Masculinity and Nation in Early American Cinema

Manly Arts: Masculinity and Nation in Early American Cinema




In this innovative analysis of the interconnections between nation and aesthetics in the United States during the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth, David A. Gerstner reveals the crucial role of early cinema in consolidating a masculine ideal under American capitalism. Gerstner describes how cinema came to be considered the art form of the New World and how its experimental qualities infused other artistic traditions (many associated with Europe—painting, literature, and even photography) with new life: brash, virile, American life. He argues that early filmmakers were as concerned with establishing cinema’s standing in relation to other art forms as they were with storytelling. Focusing on the formal dimensions of early-twentieth-century films, he describes how filmmakers drew on European and American theater, literature, and painting to forge a national aesthetic that equated democracy with masculinity.

Gerstner provides in-depth readings of several early American films, illuminating their connections to a wide range of artistic traditions and cultural developments, including dance, poetry, cubism, realism, romanticism, and urbanization. He shows how J. Stuart Blackton and Theodore Roosevelt developed The Battle Cry of Peace (1915) to disclose cinema’s nationalist possibilities during the era of the new twentieth-century urban frontier; how Paul Strand and Charles Sheeler positioned a national avant-garde through the fusion of “American Cubism” and industrialization in their film, Manhatta (1921); and how Oscar Micheaux drew on slave narratives and other African American artistic traditions as he grappled with the ideological terms of African American and white American manhood in his movie Within Our Gates (1920). Turning to Vincente Minnelli’s Cabin in the Sky (1943), Gerstner points to the emergence of an aesthetic of cultural excess that brought together white and African American cultural producers—many of them queer—and troubled the equation of national arts with masculinity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822337751
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Publication date: 03/06/2006
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

David A. Gerstner is Associate Professor of Cinema Studies at the City University of New York, College of Staten Island.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xv

1. Nineteenth-Century Formulations of Masculinity and Realism: The Body of Edwin Forrest 1

2. The Battle Cry of Peace and the Spectacle of Realism 51

3. African American Realism: Oscar Micheaux, Autobiography, and the Ambiguity of Black Male Desire 83

4. Manhatta: A National Self-Portrait 119

5. The Queer Frontier: Vincente Minnelli’s Cabin in the Sky 165

Epilogue 212

Notes 215

Bibliography 281

Index 305

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