Martin Luther's Theology

Martin Luther's Theology

by Bernhard Lohse


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This definitive analysis of the theology of Martin Luther surveys its development during the crises of Luther's life, then offers a systematic survey by topics. Containing a wealth of quotations from less-known writings by Luther and written in a way that will interest both scholar and novice, Lohse's magisterial volume is the first to evaluate Luther's theology in both ways. Lohse's historical analysis takes up Luther's early exegetical works and then his debates with traditions important to him in the context of the various controversies leading up to his dispute with the Antinomians. The systematic treatment shows how the meaning of ancient Christian doctrines took their place within the central teaching of justification by faith.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780800698362
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress, Publishers
Publication date: 01/01/2011
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 408
Sales rank: 651,619
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Bernhard Lohse (1928-1997) was a preeminent church historian and Professor of Church History and Historical Theology at the University of Hamburg. He is author of A Short History of Christian Doctrine (1978) and Martin Luther (1986), both from Fortress Press.

Table of Contents


Translator-Editor's Note

Part One: Introduction: Preliminary Considerations and Presuppositions Relative to a Description of Luther's Theology

Criteria for Describing Luther's Theology

The Situation in the Church around 1500

The Theological Situation around 1500, Especially in Erfurt and Wittenberg

Luther's Personal Development

The Uniqueness of Luther's Theology

Part Two: Luther's Theology in Its Historical Development

Basic Theological Ideas in Luther's Marginal Notes on Augustine and Peter Lombard (1509/1510)

Early Reformation Theology in the First Psalms Lecture (1513-1515)

The Structure of Reformation Theology in the Period of Pauline Exegesis (1515-1518)

The Reformation Discovery

Luther's Attack on Indulgences (1517/1518)

Luther's Dispute with Cajetan over Justification, Faith, and Church Authority

Luther's Debate with Eck on the Authority of Pope and Council (1519)

Luther's Dispute with the Sacramental Teaching of His Time (1519/1520)

Luther's Dispute with the Monastic Ideal (520/1521)

Luther's Dispute with the Wittenberg Reformers

Luther's Dispute with Radical Tendencies to "Right" and "Left": The Distinction between the Two Kingdoms and the Two Governments

Luther's Dispute with Erasmus

Luther's Dispute with Zwingli: The Lord's Supper Controversy

Luther's Dispute with the Antinomians

Part Three: Luther's Theology in Its Systematic Context

Sola scriptura

Reason and Faith

The View of God


Spiritus Creator

Humanity as Creature of God



Law and Gospel

The Church

Office and Ordination


The Lord's Supper

The Doctrine of the Two Kingdoms


Excursus: Luther's Attitude toward the Jews


Index of Names

Index of Subjects

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