ISBN-10:
0470890657
ISBN-13:
9780470890653
Pub. Date:
05/19/2014
Publisher:
Wiley
Masquerading Symptoms: Uncovering Physical Illnesses That Present as Psychological Problems / Edition 1

Masquerading Symptoms: Uncovering Physical Illnesses That Present as Psychological Problems / Edition 1

by Barbara Schildkrout

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470890653
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 05/19/2014
Pages: 608
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.70(d)

About the Author

BARBARA SCHILDKROUT, MD, is an Assistant ClinicalProfessor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. She has taughtfor many years at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. She hasa Subspecialty Board Certification through the United Council forNeurological Subspecialties in behavioral neurology andneuropsychiatry and has maintained a private clinical practice inthe Boston area for over twenty-five years.

Table of Contents

Introduction xi

List of Diseases by Organ System or Disease Process xxv

Part I Signs and Symptoms 1

State of Consciousness 3

Delirium 7

Attention and Concentration 8

Mood, Affect, and Emotion 12

Thought Form 19

Thought Content and Experience of Reality 23

Delusional Thought Content 28

Hallucinations 31

Change in Personality or Behavior 34

Judgment 41

Insight 44

Dementia 46

Orientation 47

Memory 51

Speech and Language 55

OTHER COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS 64

Constructional Ability: Drawing, Copying,

Visuospatial Tasks 64

Fund of Knowledge 65

Calculation 66

Abstract Thinking 67

Executive Functions 69

General Physical Appearance 72

Motor Behavior 81

VEGETATIVE SYMPTOMS 97

Disturbances of Sleep 98

Disturbances of Energy Level 106

Disturbances of Eating Behavior and Weight 108

Disturbances of Sexual Functioning 112

Notable Physical Symptoms and Possible

Associated Diseases 114

Part II: The Diseases 119

Disease #1: Acromegaly 121

Disease #2: Acute Intermittent Porphyria and Porphyria Variegata127

Disease #3: Addison’s Disease 133

Disease #4: Alzheimer’s Disease 138

Disease #5: Arsenic Poisoning 145

Disease #6: Brain Tumors 150

Disease #7: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning 157

Exposure to High Levels of Carbon Monoxide 157

Chronic Exposure to Low Levels of Carbon Monoxide 157

Late-Appearing Neuropsychological Symptoms 157

Long-Term Disabilities from Carbon Monoxide

Poisoning 157

Disease #8: Charles Bonnet Syndrome 166

Disease #9: Chronic Subdural Hematoma 167

Disease #10: Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy 171

Disease #11: Circadian Rhythm Disorders 172

Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome 172

Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome 172

Irregular Sleep/Wake Pattern (Free Running) 172

Non-24-Hour Sleep/Wake Disorder 172

Disease #12: Corticobasal Degeneration 177

Disease #13: Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease 178

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies 178

Disease #14: Cushing’s Syndrome 184

Disease #15: Dementia with Lewy Bodies 189

Disease #16: Frontotemporal Dementia 195

Pick’s Disease 195

Semantic Dementia 195

Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia 195

Frontotemporal Dementia with Motor Neuron

Disease 195

Disease #17: Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy 202

Disease #18: Hepatic Encephalopathy 204

Disease #19: HIV/AIDS (Infection with the Human

Immunodeficiency Virus) 210

Disease #20: Huntington’s Disease 216

Disease #21: Hyperparathyroidism, Primary (IncludingHypercalcemia) 225

Disease #22: Hypersomnia, Idiopathic 229

Disease #23: Hypersomnia, Recurrent 232

Kleine-Levin Syndrome 232

Menstruation-Related Hypersomnia 232

Disease #24: Hyperthyroidism 237

Disease #25: Hyperventilation Syndrome 244

Disease #26: Hypoglycemia 249

Disease #27: Hypoparathyroidism (Hypocalcemia) 255

Disease #28: Hypothyroidism 259

Disease #29: Hypoxia (Insufficient Oxygen Supply to the Brain)265

Hypoxic Brain Damage 265

Altitude Sickness 265

Disease #30: Lead Poisoning 270

Acute, High-Dose Exposure 270

Low-Level, Chronic Exposure 270

Subclinical Lead Poisoning 270

Disease #31: Limbic Encephalitis 277

Viral Encephalitis 277

Paraneoplastic Syndrome 277

Autoimmune Encephalitis 277

Disease #32: Lyme Disease 281

Disease #33: Manganese Toxicity 288

Disease #34: Mercury Poisoning 291

Acute, High-Dose Exposure 291

Chronic, Low-Dose Exposure 291

Disease #35: Migraine 296

Headache 296

Cluster Headaches 296

Disease #36: Mitochondrial Disorders 304

Specific Syndromes: MELAS, MERRF, LHON, MNGIE, KSS, NARP, LeighSyndrome 304

Disease #37: Multiple Sclerosis 311

Disease #38: Multiple System Atrophy 318

Disease #39: Myasthenia Gravis 319

Disease #40: Narcolepsy 323

Narcolepsy with Cataplexy 323

Narcolepsy without Cataplexy 323

Secondary Narcolepsy 323

Disease #41: Neuro-BehÇet’s Syndrome 331

Disease #42: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 338

Disease #43: Nocturnal Eating: Night-Eating Syndrome (NES)343

Disease #44: Nocturnal Eating: Sleep-Related Eating Disorder(SRED) 348

Disease #45: Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus 354

Disease #46: Pancreatic Cancer 362

Disease #47: Parasomnias: Sleepwalking and Night Terrors 366

Disease #48: Parkinson’s Disease 371

Disease #49: Partial Seizures 377

Disease #50: Pellagra 387

Nicotinic Acid Deficiency or Niacin Deficiency 387

Disease #51: Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep 392

Disease #52: Pheochromocytoma 395

Disease #53: Postconcussion Syndrome 400

Disease #54: Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and PremenstrualSyndrome 404

Disease #55: Primary Progressive Aphasia 409

Disease #56: Progressive Supranuclear Palsy 410

Disease #57: REM Sleep Behavior Disorder 411

Disease #58: Restless Legs Syndrome 415

Disease #59: Sleep Apnea 418

Obstructive Sleep Apnea 418

Central Sleep Apnea 418

Mixed Sleep Apnea 418

Disease #60: Syphilis 425

General Paresis 425

Syphilitic Meningitis 425

Meningovascular Syphilis 425

Syphilitic Gummas 425

Disease #61: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 434

Disease #62: Thallium Poisoning 439

Disease #63: Thiamine Deficiency 444

Wernicke’s Encephalopathy 444

Korsakoff’s Syndrome 444

Wernicke-Korsakoff’s Syndrome 444

Disease #64: Tourette Syndrome 451

Disease #65: Transient Global Amnesia 456

Disease #66: Traumatic Brain Injury: Long-Term

Consequences 460

Disease #67: Uremia (Chronic Kidney Disease) 470

Disease #68: Vascular Dementia 474

Disease #69: Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Including PerniciousAnemia) 478

Disease #70: Whipple Disease 484

Disease #71: Wilson’s Disease 488

Bibliography 493

Author Index 543

Subject Index 547

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