ISBN-10:
1604264608
ISBN-13:
2901604264608
Pub. Date:
08/13/2009
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Mass Media and American Politics / Edition 8

Mass Media and American Politics / Edition 8

by Doris A. Graber
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901604264608
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 08/13/2009
Edition description: Eighth Edition
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Doris A. Graber is professor emeritus of political science and communication at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She has written and edited numerous articles and books on the news media, public opinion, and information-processing. They include Media Power in Politics, Sixth Edition (2010), The Power of Communication: Managing Information in Public Organizations (2003), a prize-winning book about Processing Politics: Learning from Television in the Internet Age (2001), and On Media and Making Sense of Politics (2012), a comparative study of learning about politics from entertainment broadcasts.


Johanna Dunaway is associate professor of communication at Texas A&M University and a recent Joan Shorenstein Fellow at Harvard’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy. She has written extensively on the relationship between the structural and contextual features of media outlets and election news content. Within this research program, she has examined news coverage of political campaigns, immigration, and events such as the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Her current research examines the impact of the changing media environment across individuals, communities, and the news industry. In addition to these primary research agendas, she has published in numerous other areas, including public opinion, political behavior, and political advertising. Her work appears in journals such as the Journal of Politics, Public Opinion Quarterly, Journal of Communication, Political Communication, Political Research Quarterly, Political Behavior, Journalism Studies and Social Science Quarterly.

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Boxesxi
Prefacexv
Chapter 1Media Power and Government Control1
Political Importance of Mass Media2
Functions of Mass Media6
Effects of Mass Media13
Who Should Control News Making?18
Models of the News-Making Process24
Summary29
Chapter 2Ownership, Regulation, and Guidance of Media33
Control and Ownership: Public and Semipublic34
Patterns of Private Ownership38
Government Regulation of the Media48
Summary55
Chapter 3Press Freedom and the Law59
Access to the Media60
Access to Information68
Individual Rights Versus the Public's Right to Know76
Summary87
Chapter 4News Making and News Reporting Routines92
Profile Sketch of American Journalists93
Gatekeeping99
Effects of Gatekeeping117
Appraising the News-Making Process127
Summary130
Chapter 5Reporting Extraordinary Events137
Four Crises138
Media Responses and Roles140
Covering Pseudo-Crises154
Summary155
Chapter 6The Media as Policymakers159
The Ethics of Melding Political Activism with Journalism160
Manipulative Journalism in Perspective161
Muckraking Models162
Beyond Muckraking: Journalists as Political Actors171
Agenda Building175
Documentaries and Docudramas184
Methods: Fair and Foul186
Summary189
Chapter 7Media Impact on Attitudes and Behavior195
Differential Effects of Print and Broadcast News196
The Role of Media in Political Socialization198
Patterns in Socialization201
Choosing Media Stories203
Learning Processes207
Learning Effects: Knowledge and Attitudes210
Learning Effects: Behavior219
Summary225
Chapter 8Elections in the Internet Age235
The State of Research236
The Consequences of Media Politics237
Media Content248
Media Effects259
Summary265
Chapter 9The Struggle for Control: News from the Presidency and Congress271
The Adversarial Relationship272
The Media and the Executive Branch276
The Media and Congress294
Summary304
Chapter 10Covering the Justice System and State and Local News310
The Media and the Courts310
Covering State and Local Affairs320
The Contents of Subnational News327
Summary336
Chapter 11Foreign Affairs Coverage342
The Foreign News Niche343
Making Foreign News344
Appraising Foreign News Making369
Exporting News370
Summary373
Chapter 12Trends in Media Policy381
Dissatisfaction with the Media382
The Impact of New Technologies388
The Shape of the Future403
Summary408
Index413

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