The generally accepted public reason for the high rate of project failure is noncompliance to donor requirements. Key stakeholders were able to come to this conclusion after the results of an independent audit conducted in 2009 by the global fund. The scope of the research was confined to projects administered and supervised by One NGO that to more than 300 NGOs covering the period 2003 to 2009.
The main aim of this study was to research in to the reasons why there was a high rate of project failure in projects funded and supervised by XYZ. To achieve this aim, two hypotheses were set in line with the generally accepted reason of project failure: To test the hypothesis that "The major cause of project failure is none compliance to donor requirements" and to test the hypothesis that "The major cause of project failure is a combination of many factors arising from none adherence to project management principles". In order to test the two hypotheses, five objectives were set. Appropriate methods of collecting data, such as questionnaires, record inspection and interviews, were used for this research: The objectives are "To study current theories on project failure"; "to study methods of minimizing project failure", " to determine whether noncompliance to donor requirements is the major cause of project failure in many Zambian NGOs implementing HIV and AIDS projects", "to explore other reasons of project failure" and "to make recommendations on how to minimize project failure".
The test results of the research did not prove the hypothesis that "The major cause of project failure is none compliance to donor requirements", but did prove the second hypothesis that "The major cause of project failure is a combination of many factors arising from none adherence to project management principles".
The distribution of the causes of project failure as per results in table 31is Donors at 13%, administering body at 10%, Implementing NGOs at 10%, and a combination of all stakeholders at 67%. Appropriate recommendations have been made for the three main stakeholders namely Donors, Administering body and implementing NGOs. A proposition for further research has been made to test variables of the causes of project failure not tested in the research and these are outputs and outcome related factors.