ISBN-10:
111888910X
ISBN-13:
9781118889107
Pub. Date:
09/15/2014
Publisher:
Wiley
Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage / Edition 1

Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage / Edition 1

by Kathy Lu
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118889107
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/15/2014
Pages: 448
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Kathy Lu, PhD, is a Professor in Materials Science and Engineering of Virginia Tech. She received her Ph.D. and M.S. degrees from Ohio State University and B.S from Tianjin University. Before joining Virginia Tech, she held positions at Penn State University and Energizer. She has authored over 100 papers, four book chapters, and one book, edited four books, and taught materials courses from undergraduate to graduate levels. She has been honored with several awards including Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2011), Karl Schwartzwalder-PACE Award from American Ceramic Society (2008), and Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Award from Oak Ridge Associated Universities (2005).

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Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface

Table of Contents

About the Author

Chapter 1 Energy Resources, Greenhouse Gases, and Materials

1.1 Energy Supply and Consumption 2

1.2 Energy Problems and Challenges 5

1.3 Current State of Improving Energy Efficiency 9

1.4 Inseparable Links between Energy and Materials 13

1.5 Terms Related to Energy and Power 15

1.6 Outline of This Book 17

References 17

Chapter 2 Fossil Energy and Materials

2.1 Fossil Fuels 2

2.2 Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants 6

2.3 Materials for Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants 12

2.4 Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Plants 23

2.5 Materials for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Plants 25

2.6 Oxy-Fuel Combustion Plants and Material Needs 28

2.7 Materials in Oil and Gas Energy Conversion 42

2.8 Carbon Capture and Storage 45

2.9 Summary 70

References 71

Chapter 3 Nuclear Energy Conversion and Materials

3.1 State of Nuclear Energy 2

3.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy 5

3.3 Nuclear Fission and Fusion 7

3.4 Fission Process for Nuclear Energy Generation 13

3.5 Two Different Fuel Cycles 14

3.6 Nuclear Fuel Supply 19

3.7 Classification of Nuclear Fission Reactors 23

3.8 Commercial Reactors 27

3.9 Future Reactors 31

3.10 Nuclear Materials 34

3.11 Nuclear Waste Management 58

3.12 Fusion Reactors and Material Issues 70

3.13 Summary 81

References 81

Chapter 4 Solar Energy and Materials

4.1 Solar Energy 2

4.2 Photovoltaic Cell Fundamentals 7

4.3 First-Generation Solar Cells 8

4.4 Second-Generation Solar Cells 12

4.5 Third-Generation Solar Cells 29

4.6 Dye Sensitized Solar Cells 41

4.7 Organic Photovoltaics 54

4.8 High Efficiency Concentrator Photovoltaics 63

4.9 Summary 67

References: 68

Chapter 5 Bioenergy Conversion and Materials

5.1 Bioenergy 2

5.2 Biomass and Thermal Conversion 5

5.3 Biofuel 25

5.4 Bioenergy Sustainability 45

5.5 Summary 47

References: 48

Chapter 6 Wind Energy Conversion and Materials

6.1 Wind Energy Resources 2

6.2 Advantages and Issues of Wind Energy Generation 5

6.3 Wind Turbines 7

6.4 Material Issues 9

6.5 Wind Turbine Failures 12

6.6 Summary 14

References: 15

Chapter 7 Hydro, Geothermal, Ocean Energy and Materials

7.1 Hydropower 2

7.2 Geothermal Energy 6

7.3 Ocean Energy 14

7.4 Summary 20

References 20

Chapter 8 Fuel Cells and Materials

8.1 What Is a Fuel Cell? 2

8.2 Applications and Characteristics of Fuel Cells 7

8.3 Alkaline Fuel Cells 9

8.4 Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 24

8.5 Direct Methanol Fuel Cells 53

8.6 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells 67

8.7 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells 74

8.8 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 90

8.9 Summary 126

References: 126

Chapter 9 Mechanoelectric Energy Harvesting and Materials

9.1 Energy Harvesting for Low Power Applications 2

9.2 Fundamental Mechanisms of Mechanoelectric Energy Conversion 5

9.3 Mechanoelectric Energy Harvesting Materials 11

9.4 Sources of Mechanoelectric Energy 17

9.5 Different Energy Harvesting Methods 19

9.6 Summary 27

References: 28

Chapter 10 Thermoelectric Energy Conversion and Materials

10.1 Thermoelectric Energy Conversion Principles 2

10.2 Thermoelectric Energy Potentials and Applications 11

10.3 Thermoelectric Materials 13

10.4 Thermoelectric Material Processing Methods 27

10.5 Summary 31

References: 31

Chapter 11 Energy Storage and Materials

11.1 Energy Storage 2

11.2 Battery 8

11.3 Electrochemical Capacitors 58

11.4 Li-ion Capacitors 96

11.5 Summary 98

References 98

Chapter 12 Hydrogen Storage and Materials

12.1 Hydrogen Economy 2

12.2 Hydrogen Storage as High Pressure Gas 8

12.3 Hydrogen Storage as Liquid 11

12.4 Hydrogen Storage in Hydrides 13

12.5 Hydrogen Storage in Carbonaceous Materials 29

12.6 Hydrogen Storage in Zeolites and Glass Microspheres 41

12.7 Hydrogen Storage in Organic Frameworks 42

12.8 Hydrogen Storage in Polymers 44

12.9 Hydrogen Storage in Formic Acid 44

12.10 Summary 46

References: 47

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