Mazda MX-5 Miata 1.8 1993 to 1999: Enthuasiast Workshop Manual

Mazda MX-5 Miata 1.8 1993 to 1999: Enthuasiast Workshop Manual

by Rod Grainger, Pete Shoemark

Paperback

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781845840907
Publisher: Veloce Publishing
Publication date: 09/21/2006
Pages: 300
Product dimensions: 8.25(w) x 10.75(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents


General Advice & Using this Manual
Using this manual     1
Conventions     1
Hey! Watch out!     1
Working procedures     2
General     2
Work area & storage facilities     2
Hose connections     2
Gaskets & seals     3
Screws, bolts & nuts     4
Torque tightening by feel     4
Electrical connections & wire color coding     4
Wrestling with two-piece plastic panel fasteners     5
Jacking & supporting the car     5
Cleaning components     6
Buying new parts     7
Tools & equipment     7
Dealing with breakdowns     8
Technical specifications     9
General     9
Dimensions     9
Transmission     9
Chassis     9
Engine - detail     9
Lubrication system (engine)     12
Cooling system     12
Fuel & emission control systems     13
Electrical system (engine)     13
Clutch     14
Transmission (gearbox), manual     14
Transmission, automatic     15
Driveshaft(propshaft)     15
Front axle     16
Rear axle     16
Differential     16
Steering     16
Braking system     16
Wheels & tires     17
Suspension     17
Wheel alignment     18
Electrical system (body)     18
Tune-Up & Maintenance
Introduction     1
Maintenance schedule: USA     2
Maintenance schedule: USA (abnormal operating conditions)     3
Maintenance schedule: Canada     4
Maintenance schedule: UK & rest of world     6
Engine oil & oil filter - changing     7
Drivebelts (external) - inspection, replacement & adjustment     8
Air cleaner (filter) element - replacement     9
Sparkplugs - checking, cleaning & adjusting     9
Idle speed - checking & adjustment     10
Transmission (manual) oil - checking level & changing     10
Transmission (auto) fluid - checking level & changing     11
Differential oil - checking level & changing     11
Battery - checking charge, specific gravity & electrolyte level     12
Ignition timing - checking & adjusting     13
Driveaxles (halfshafts), rear - checking      13
Engine coolant - topping-up & changing     14
Lights, horn, wipers & washers - checking     15
Tires - checking pressures & condition     15
Body - general maintenance     16
Steering & suspension - checking     17
Exhaust system - checking     18
Brake & clutch fluid - checking level & replacing     18
Engine & Clutch
Major work possible with engine in car     1
Major work requiring engine removal     1
Engine removal methods & preparation     1
Engine - removal (with transmission)     12
Engine - removal (without transmission)     12
Engine dismantling - general advice     12
Engine dismantling     13
Intake manifold & wiring removal     13
Fuel rail removal     14
Starter motor removal     14
Engine mounting removal     14
Oil filter & oil cooler removal     14
Alternator removal     14
Exhaust manifold removal     15
Clutch removal     16
Sparkplug wires & coils removal     16
Thermostat removal     16
Cambox cover removal     17
Camshaft drivebelt removal      17
Camshaft drivebelt tensioner wheel & tensioner spring removal     18
Camshaft pulleys removal     18
Cylinder head front sealing plate removal     19
Thermostat housing removal     19
Water pump removal     19
Crankshaft inner pulley removal     19
Camshaft removal     20
Cam followers removal     20
Cylinder head removal     20
Valves removal     21
Valve guides removal & installation     21
Oil pan removal     22
Oil pump, pickup pipe & oil pan baffle removal     22
Oil pump & oil pressure relief valve teardown     23
Flywheel (driveplate - auto trans) removal     23
Engine backplate removal     23
Crankshaft rear oil seal housing removal     23
Connecting rod (big end) caps, con rods & pistons removal     24
Main bearing caps & crankshaft removal     24
Piston oil jets removal     25
Pistons removal from connecting rods     25
Piston rings removal     25
Engine teardown conclusion     26
Engine components - checking & repair     26
Checking & repair general     26
Cylinder head & valves removing carbon     26
Cylinder head checking & repair     26
Valves, guides & valve seats checking, repair & valve lapping     26
Valve springs checking & repair     27
Camshafts & camshaft bearings checking & repair     28
Cam followers checking & repair     28
Cylinder block checking & repair: core plug renewal     29
Pistons: removing carbon     29
Pistons, piston rings & piston pins checking & repair     29
Connecting rods checking & repair     30
Crankshaft & crankshaft bearings checking & repair     30
Cam drivebelt, tensioner, idler & pulleys checking & repair     31
Oil pump checking & repair     31
Oil jets checking & repair     31
Flywheel, pilot bearing & starter ring gear checking & repair     31
Driveplate (auto-trans) & starter ring gear checking & repair     32
Clutch cover, disc, release bearing & fork checking & repair     32
Engine rebuild     32
Engine rebuild general     32
Piston rings installation     32
Pistons & connecting rods rebuild & installation     33
Oil jets rebuild & installation     33
Crankshaft & bearing shells installation      33
Connecting rods & caps fitting to crankshaft     34
Crankshaft rear cover: oil seal installation     34
Crankshaft rear cover installation     34
Oil pump rebuild & fitting new oil seal     35
Oil pump installation     35
Oil pan baffle, oil pump pickup pipe & oil pan installation     35
Engine backplate installation     36
Flywheel (driveplate - auto trans) installation     36
Water pump installation     36
Valves, springs & valve stem oil seals installation     36
Cylinder head installation     37
Thermostat housing installation     37
Cylinder head seal plate installation     38
Cam followers installation     38
Camshafts installation     38
Camshaft oil seals installation     38
Camshaft pulleys installation     38
Cam drivebelt idler & tensioner wheels & spring installation     39
Crankshaft inner (cam drivebelt) pulley installation     39
Camshaft drivebelt installation & valve timing     39
Cam drivebelt covers, w/pump & crankshaft pulley installation     40
Cambox cover installation     41
Thermostat & thermostat housing cover installation     41
Engine mounting bracket (right-hand) installation     41
Oil pressure gauge sender unit installation     41
Alternator installation     42
Oil cooler & oil filter installation     42
Starter motor installation     42
Heater outlet cover installation     43
Ignition coils & sparkplug wires installation     43
Clutch cover & disc installation     43
Engine mounting bracket (left-hand) installation     43
Power steering pump bracket installation     43
Coolant inlet casting installation     44
Dipstick tube installation     44
Engine lifting eyes installation     44
Camshaft position sensor installation     44
Manifolds installation special note     44
Transmission (gearbox) - installation (engine out of car)     45
Engine & transmission - installation as a unit     45
Engine - installation (without transmission)     55
Camshaft drivebelt (timing belt) - replacement (engine in car)     56
Camshafts & followers - removal & installation (engine in car)     57
Cylinder head - removal & installation (engine in car)     57
Cylinder head checking     58
Crankshaft front oil seal - replacement (engine in car)     58
Crankshaft rear oil seal - replacement (engine in car)     59
Camshaft oil seal - replacement (engine in car)     59
Starter ring gear - replacement (engine in car)     60
Engine mountings - replacement (engine in car)     60
Clutch & release bearing - removal & installation (engine in car)     60
Clutch master cylinder - removal & installation     60
Clutch master cylinder - overhaul     61
Clutch release (slave) cylinder - removal & installation     62
Clutch release (slave) cylinder - overhaul     62
Dismantling & checking     62
Rebuild     63
Clutch hydraulic system - bleeding     63
Clutch hydraulic lines/hoses - replacement     63
Clutch pedal height & free play - checking & adjustment     64
Clutch pedal removal & installation     65
Transmission & Driveline
Transmission (gearbox) - preparation for removal     1
Transmission (gearbox), manual - removal     1
Transmission (gearbox), automatic - removal     4
Transmission (gearbox), manual - dismantling & rebuild general     5
Transmission (gearbox), manual - teardown     6
Transmission (gearbox), manual - components checking & repair      13
Mainshaft gear pinions     13
Mainshaft     14
Input shaft & countershaft     14
Clutch/selector hubs & forks     14
Synchro rings     14
Bearings     14
Springs     14
Casings     15
Transmission (gearbox), manual - rebuild     15
Transmission (gearbox), manual - installation     24
Transmission (gearbox), automatic - installation     24
Driveshaft (propshaft) - removal, checking, repair & installation     25
Transmission (gearbox) rear oil seal - replacement     26
PPF (Power Plant Frame) - removal & installation     26
Driveaxles - removal, checking, repair & installation     26
Driveaxle - dismantling, rebuild & new boots     27
Differential unit & carrier - removal & installation     27
Differential side (driveaxle) oil seals - replacement     28
Differential nose (pinion) oil seal - replacement     28
Differential unit carrier mountings - replacement     28
Differential unit - teardown & rebuild     28
Transmission (gearbox), automatic - troubleshooting     28
Engine Management. Fuel. Ignition & Exhaust Systems
Introduction     1
PCM system - component summary     1
Air cleaner (ACL)     1
Air valve (BAC valve)     1
Camshaft position sensor (CMP)     2
Catalytic converter     2
Charcoal canister     2
Clutch switch     2
Coolant temperature sensor     2
Crankshaft position sensor (CKP)     2
Data link connector (DLC)     2
Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system     2
Fuel pump relay (FPR)     2
Fuel filter     2
Fuel pump     2
Fuel vapor valve     2
Heated oxygen sensor     2
Idle air control (IAC) valve     2
Ignition coil     2
Ignition control module     2
Ignition switch     2
Injector     2
Intake air temperature (IAT) sensor     2
Main relay     2
Malfunction indicator lamp     2
Mass airflow sensor (MAF)     2
Neutral switch     2
On board diagnostic (OBD) system     2
Positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve     3
Power steering pressure (PSP) switch     3
Powertrain control module (PCM)      3
Pressure regulator     3
Pressure regulator control (PRC) solenoid valve     3
Purge solenoid valve     3
Resonance chamber     3
Stoplight switch     3
Throttle body     3
Throttle sensor     3
Two port check valve (three port, automatic trans)     3
PCM system - overview     3
Fuel system     4
Air intake system     4
Emission control system     4
Powertrain control system - troubleshooting tips     5
Fault codes     5
Engine compression check     6
Air intake system checks     6
Throttle body - removal, inspection & installation     6
Accelerator cable & pedal - adjustment & cable replacement     7
Intake manifold - removal, checking & installation     9
Air intake control (IAC) valve - checking     11
Air (BAC) valve - removal, checking & installation     11
Fuel system - description     11
Fuel system - safety, depressurizing & repressurizing     11
Releasing fuel system pressure     11
Disconnecting fuel lines     11
Priming fuel system     12
Fuel system - checking      12
Fuel pump relay checking     12
Fuel pump checking     12
Fuel pressure checking     12
Fuel pressure hold checking     12
Fuel maximum pressure checking     13
Fuel line pressure checking     13
Pressure regulator control (PRC) valve checking     13
Injector operation checking     13
Fault not located     13
Fuel tank - removal, checking & installation     13
Draining the fuel tank     14
Inspection & repair     16
Fuel pump/fuel gauge sender - removal & installation     18
Fuel pump relay - removal & installation     20
Fuel pressure regulator - removal & installation     20
Fuel injectors & rail - removal, leak testing & installation     20
Fuel filter - removal & installation     21
Emissions control system - introduction     22
PCV valve - checking & replacement     22
EVAP/EGR systems - component checking & replacement     22
Fuel vapor valve     23
Two-way check valve (three-way check valve, auto trans)     23
EVAP system hoses     24
Charcoal canister     24
Purge solenoid valve      24
EGR valve     24
EGR solenoid valves     24
EGR boost sensor     25
EGR valve position sensor     25
Dechoke control system - description     25
Ignition system - introduction     25
Ignition timing - checking & adjusting     25
Ignition system checks     26
Self-diagnosis (OBD system) checks     26
Sparkplugs     26
Sparkplug leads     27
Ignition coils     27
Ignition coils - removal & installation     27
PCM (powertrain control module     28
Camshaft position sensor - removal, checking & installation     29
Crankshaft position sensor - adjustment, removal & installation     29
Mass airflow (MAF) sensor - removal, checking & installation     30
Engine coolant temp. sensor - removal, checking & installation     30
TPS unit - checking, adjustment, removal & installation     31
Heated oxygen sensor - checking, removal & replacement     31
Power steering pressure switch - checking, removal & installation     32
Main (fuel injection) relay - checking & replacement     32
Clutch switch - checking, removal & installation     33
Neutral switch - checking, removal & installation     33
Exhaust system - checking, removal & replacement     34
Exhaust manifold removal & installation     36
Cooling, Heating & Air Conditioning Systems
Introduction     1
Engine coolant - topping-up & changing     1
Mixing engine coolant     2
Topping up the cooling system     2
Changing the coolant     2
Cooling system - checking     2
Cooling system - hose replacement     3
Top hose     3
Bottom hose     3
Coolant inlet casting & hose connections     4
Heater hose connections     4
Intake manifold hose connections     4
After fitting new hoses     4
Radiator - removal & installation     4
Thermostat - removal, testing & installation     5
Water pump - removal & installation     6
Radiator fan/s - testing, removal & installation     6
Checking coolant temperature sensor     7
Fan motor testing     7
Fan motor removal & installation     7
Fan relay testing     7
Heating & ventilation system - how it works     8
Blower unit - checking     8
Checking the circuit breaker or fuse     8
Checking the blower motor voltage     8
Checking the blower resistor     8
Blower unit - resistor removal & installation     8
Blower motor - removal & installation     9
Blower unit - removal & installation     9
Heater unit - removal, inspection & installation     9
Heater/air con control assy - removal, inspection & installation     11
Checking the blower & air conditioning switch     11
Air conditioning system - checking     12
Precautions     12
Visual check of refrigerant charge     13
Checking thermoswitch operation     13
Checking system fittings & refrigerant lines     13
Checking the condenser cooling fan     13
Checking the air conditioning relay     13
Magnetic clutch checks     13
Electrical System
Introduction     1
Electrical system - procedures, precautions & jump starting     1
Isolating & reconnecting battery     1
Electrical test equipment     1
Wiring connectors     2
Wiring & color coding     2
Fuses & relays     3
Power point     3
Booster (Jump) starting     3
Fuses & relays - location, removal & replacement     4
Charging system - general     6
Battery - removal, checking, charging & installation     6
Removal & cleaning     7
Battery voltage check     7
Battery charging     7
Battery installation     8
Installing a new battery     8
Charging system - troubleshooting     8
Alternator - checking     8
Checking the terminal voltages     8
Checking alternator operation     8
Checking the dark current     8
Alternator - removal, overhaul & installation     8
Starter system - description & troubleshooting     10
Initial checks     10
Interlock switch - checking (manual trans)     11
Range switch checking & adjustment (auto trans)     11
Starter motor - removal, overhaul & installation     12
Testing     12
Ignition switch - t/shooting, removal & installation     14
Key (ignition) reminder switch - troubleshooting     14
Combination switch - t/shooting, removal & installation     14
H/light retract & haz. warn. switch - removal, t/shooting & install.      15
Instrument panel - removal, t/shooting & installation     16
Removal     16
Bulb replacement     17
Speedometer     17
Tachometer (rev counter)     18
Engine temperature sender unit & gauge     18
Fuel gauge sender & fuel gauge     18
Oil pressure gauge     18
General checks     18
Installation     18
Warning lamps, switches & sensors - location & t/shooting     19
Brake warning circuit     19
Hazard warning indicator light circuit (not fitted on all models)     19
"Hold" circuit (auto transmission models)     19
Seatbelt warning circuit (where fitted)     19
Windshield washer fluid level sensor circuit (where fitted)     20
Lighting system - initial troubleshooting     20
Headlight circuit - troubleshooting     20
Headlight raise/retract system - troubleshooting     21
Headlight dim-dip system (if fitted) - troubleshooting     22
Headlight passing light (flasher) system - troubleshooting     22
Headlight beam - adjustment     22
Headlamp deck height - adjustment     23
Headlight retractor motor - t/shooting, removal & installation      23
Headlight unit - removal, installation & bulb replacement     25
Parking light (sidelight) circuit -troubleshooting     26
Parking front & rear, side marker & license plate lights     26
Daytime running lights (DRL) circuit - troubleshooting     26
Stop (brake) light circuit - troubleshooting     28
Turn signal & hazard warning circuit - troubleshooting     28
Backup (reversing) light circuit -troubleshooting     30
Tail light unit - bulb & lens replacement     32
Front combination light unit - bulb replacement     32
Side marker lights (where fitted) - bulb replacement     33
Turn signal side repeater lights (where fitted) - bulb replacement     33
License plate light - bulb replacement     33
Foglight, rear (where fitted) - bulb replacement     33
Driving/foglights, front (where fitted) - bulb replacement     33
Interior lights - troubleshooting & bulb replacement     34
Trunk (boot) light - troubleshooting & bulb replacement     35
Panel light control switch (where fitted) - testing     35
Horn circuit - troubleshooting & horn replacement     35
Rear window defogger (where fitted) - troubleshooting & repair     36
Cruise control system - self-diagnosis function      37
Cruise control system - troubleshooting     38
Airbag system - working procedures, disarming & re-arming     40
Description     40
Working procedures     40
Disarming/re-arming airbag system     41
Airbag system - troubleshooting     41
Airbag module (driver's) - removal & installation     41
Airbag module (passenger's) - removal & installation     42
Windshield wiper & washer system - troubleshooting     43
Wiper motor - t/shooting, removal, o/haul & installation     43
Wiper mechanism - removal, installation & adjustment     46
Windshield washer pump motor - testing & replacement     47
Headlight washer system (if fitted) - troubleshooting     47
Cigarette lighter - removal & installation     48
Audio unit     49
Removal & installation     49
Security     49
Audio system troubleshooting     49
Nothing works     49
System works on one stereo channel only     49
System won't play cassette tapes     49
Radio inoperative (cassette tape player OK)     49
CD player inoperative - disc will not load     50
CD skips during play      50
Antenna (manual) - removal & installation     50
Antenna (power) - removal & installation     50
Alarms & immobilisers - general     51
Wiring diagrams - general     51
Suspension & Steering
Introduction     1
Wheel alignment - general     1
Wheel alignment - checking & adjustment     3
Toe-in (front wheels) - adjustment     3
Caster angle (front wheels) - adjustment     3
Camber angle (front wheels) - adjustment     4
Toe-in (rear wheels) adjustment     4
Camber angle (rear wheels) adjustment     4
Shock absorber & spring (front) - removal, o/haul & installation     5
Checking     6
Wishbone, lower front - removal, o/haul & installation     7
Wishbone, upper front - removal, o/haul & installation     9
Stabilizer bar (front) - removal, checking & installation     11
Crossmember (front) - removal & installation     11
Steering (manual) - description     12
Steering (manual) - checking     13
Steering wheel & column - removal, checking & installation     13
Tie rod ball joint & rack dust boot - removal & installation     16
Steering (manual) rack - removal, o/haul & installation     17
Steering (power) - description     18
Steering (power) - fluid level check & air bleeding     18
Steering (power) - checking for leaks     18
Steering (power) - pressure check     19
Steering (power) - checking     19
Steering (power) rack - removal, o/haul & installation     19
Steering (power) pump - removal & installation     21
Steering (power) pump - dismantling, o/haul & reassembly     21
Shock absorber & spring (rear) - removal, o/haul & installation     22
Wishbone, lower rear - removal, o/haul & installation     23
Wishbone, upper rear - removal, o/haul & installation     24
Stabilizer bar (rear) - removal, checking & installation     24
Crossmember (rear) - removal, checking & installation     25
Brakes, Wheels & Tires
Brake system - Introduction & on-vehicle checks     1
Brake hydraulic system - topping-up fluid & bleeding     1
Brake system hydraulic fluid - replacement     2
Brake lines & hoses - checking & replacement     2
Rigid line replacement     2
Flexible hose replacement     3
Brake pedal - removal, installation & adjustment     3
Brake master cylinder & servo - removal, installation & adjustment     4
Master cylinder removal     4
Vacuum servo (power brake) unit removal     4
Vacuum servo (power brake) unit installation     4
Master cylinder installation     5
Special notes: ABS equipped cars     5
Brake master cylinder - overhaul     6
Brake servo - checking (in-situ)     7
Brake proportioning bypass valve - checking (in-situ)     7
Brake pads (front) - wear check     7
Brake pads (front) - removal & installation     8
Brake disc (front) - checking, removal & installation     9
Brake caliper (front) - removal & installation     10
Brake caliper (front) - overhaul     10
Brake pads (rear) - wear check     11
Brake pads (rear) - removal & installation     12
Brake disc (rear) - checking, removal & installation     14
Brake caliper (rear) - removal & installation     14
Brake caliper (rear) - overhaul     15
Parking brake - checking & adjustment     16
Parking brake lever - removal, checking & installation     16
Parking brake cable - removal, checking & installation     17
Lever to compensator cable - replacement     17
Compensator to brake cables - replacement     17
ABS (anti-lock brake system) - checking     18
Tires - checking     18
Tread wear     18
Tire damage     18
Matching tires     19
Tire size & ratings     19
Wheel changing (with car's toolkit)     19
Tires - rotation     20
Tire pressures - checking & adjusting     20
Tire fitting & wheel balancing     20
Wheels - checking & maintenance     20
Wheel hubs & bearings - checking & overhaul     20
Wheel studs - removal & installation     23
Interior
Introduction     1
Console, rear (between seats) - removal & installation     1
Dash center panel - removal & installation     2
Dash panel - removal, checking & installation     3
Interior trim - removal & installation     7
Front header rail trim & sun visors     7
A-pillar trim     7
Front side (footwell) trim     7
Scuff plate     8
Quarter trim     8
Door speaker & grille     9
Door trim     9
Door glass & lifter mechanism - removal & installation     11
Window lift system (power) - checking & overhaul     13
Window lift system (manual) - checking & overhaul     15
Door glass alignment - checking & adjustment     15
Height adjustment     15
Inward/outward adjustment     15
Fore/aft adjustment     16
Adjustment checks     16
Door latch & lock assembly - removal, overhaul & installation     16
Aftermarket central locking     17
Seats - removal, checking, overhaul & installation     17
Carpets - removal & installation     19
Trunk (boot) carpet & trim - removal & installation     20
Seatbelts - removal, checking & installation     21
Brace bar - removal & installation     21
Removal     21
Installation     21
Body
Introduction     1
Body - maintenance & cosmetic care     1
Why maintenance matters     1
Washing     1
Polishing     2
Vinyl trim cleaners & polishes     2
Tar spots     2
Color restorers     2
Paintwork - damage repair     2
Body - damage repair & painting     2
Assessing the damage     3
Pulling out a dent     3
Repairing holed or gashed areas     3
Filling     4
Sanding     4
Painting     4
Finishing     5
Hood (bonnet) - removal & installation     6
Trunk (boot) lid, fittings & rear panel - removal & installation     6
Trunk lid removal & installation     7
Trunk latch - removal, installation & adjustment     7
Rear finisher (license plate) panel & trunk lock barrel - removal     8
Trunk lid balance springs - removal, installation & adjustment     9
Trunk lid hinges - removal & installation     10
Fuel filler cable & lid - removal, installation & emergency opening     10
Door mirror - removal & installation     11
Door mirror (power) - checking     11
Door - removal, installation & adjustment     12
Bumper (rear) - removal & installation     13
Bumper (front) - removal & installation     15
Fender (wing), front - removal & installation     17
Windshield - removal & installation     18
Hard top - installation & adjustment     19
Convertible top - removal, installation & adjustment     19
Convertible top rear window & rain rail - removal & installation      21
Convertible top fabric - removal & installation     22
Convertible top - fabric repairs     25
Underbody & Rustproofing
Introduction     1
Rustproofing - why it's a good idea     1
Rustproofing prorpdure     1
Troubleshooting
Introduction     1
Engine problems     1
Won't start/stops suddenly     1
Does not crank when starter operated     1
Cranks very slowly when starter operated     1
Cranks normally, but does not start     2
Difficult to start when cold     2
Difficult to start when warm     2
Starts, but doesn't run normally     2
Idle (tickover) erratic or rough     2
Stalls     2
Hesitates or stumbles during acceleration     2
Power surges/losses when gas pedal held steady     2
Lacks power     3
Engine runs roughly during deceleration     3
Abnormal fuel consumption     3
Low oil pressure     3
Excessive oil consumption     3
Clutch problems     3
Clutch does not release when pedal depressed     3
Clutch slipping     3
Clutch judder      3
Unusual noise     3
Transmission (manual) problems     3
Gear engagement difficult or noisy     3
Transmission jumps out of gear     4
Unusual noises     4
Abnormal vibration     4
Transmission (automatic) problems     4
General     4
Final drive problems     4
Engine runs normally, & gears engage, but cat does not move     4
Abnormal noise or vibration     4
Cooling system problems     4
Overheating indicated &/or steam from under hood (bonnet)     4
Coolant ejected from overflow pipe/oil in coolant     4
Temperature gauge needle does not reach 'normal' sector     4
Coolant loss     4
Steering & suspension problems     4
Car wanders off line     4
Excessive steering free play     4
Steering excessively stiff or heavy (manual steering)     4
Steering excessively stiff or heavy (power steering)     4
Wheel (front) wobble or vibration     4
Wheel (rear) wobble or vibration     5
Car rolls excessively or wallows in corners     5
Abnormal tire wear     5
Abnormal smells, noises or vibration     5
Fuel smells in or around car     5
Smell of burning     5
Sulfur (sulphur) smell from exhaust     5
Unusual noises     5
Pinging or knocking sound when engine under load     5
Light tapping or rattling noise from engine     5
Rumbling or knocking noises from engine     5
Squealing or screeching from under hood (bonnet)     5
Whistling noises from under hood (bonnet)     5
Exhaust system noises     5
Droning or rumbling from wheel area     5
Clutch noises     5
Suspension noises     5
Brake system problems     5
Poor brake performance     5
Brakes pull to one side     6
Brakes dragging     6
Excessive pedal movement     6
Brake noise or vibration     6
Anti-lock braking system (ABS) malfunction     6
Parking brake ineffective     6
Electrical problems     6
Battery becomes discharged frequently     6
Headlights dim or inoperative     6
Turn signals inoperative on one side only     6
Turn signals inoperative on both sides of car     6
Burned out fuses or circuit breaker open     6
Index
Index     1

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