This book examines the study of mechanical systems as well as its links to other sciences of nature. It presents the fundamentals behind how mechanical theories are constructed and details the solving methodology and mathematical tools used: vectors, tensors and notions of field theory. It also offers continuous and discontinuous phenomena as well as various mechanical magnitudes in a unitary form by means of the theory of distributions.
|Series:||Mathematical and Analytical Techniques with Applications to Engineering|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2007|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.36(d)|
About the Author
Prof. Dr. Doc. Petre P. Teodorescu
Born: June 30, 1929, Bucuresti.
M.Sc.: Faculty of Mathematics of the University of Bucharest, 1952; Faculty of Bridges of the Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, 1953.
Ph.D.: "Calculus of rectangular deep beams in a general case of support and loading", Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, 1955.
Academic Positions: Consulting Professor.
at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Mathematics.
Fields of Research: Mechanics of Deformable Solids (especially Elastic Solids), Mathematical Methods of Calculus in Mechanics.
1. "Applications of the Theory of Distributions in Mechanics", Editura Academiei-Abacus Press, Bucuresti-Tunbrige Wells, Kent, 1974 (with W. Kecs);
2. "Dynamics of Linear Elastic Bodies", Editura Academiei-Abacus Press, Bucuresti-Tunbrige Wells, Kent, 1975;
3. "Spinor and Non-Euclidean Tensor Calculus with Applications", Editura TehnicÃ£-Abacus Press, Bucuresti-Tunbrige Wells, Kent, 1983 (with I. Beju and E. Soos);
4. "Mechanical Systems", vol. I, II, Editura TehnicÃ£, Bucuresti, 1988.
Invited Addresses: The 2nd European Conference of Solid Mechanics, September 1994, Genoa, Italy: Leader of a Section of the Conference and a Communication.
Lectures Given Abroad: Hannover, Dortmund, Paderborn, Germany, 1994; Padova, Pisa, Italy, 1994.
Additional Information: Prize "Gh. Titeica" of the Romanian Academy in 1966; Member in the Advisory Board of Meccanica (Italy), Mechanics Research Communications and Letters in Applied Engineering Sciences (U.S.A.); Member of GAMM (Germany) and AMS (U.S.A.); Reviewer: Mathematical Reviews, Zentralblatt fuer Mathematik und ihre Grenzgebiete, Ph.D. advisor.
Table of ContentsPREFACE
1. NEWTONIAN MODEL OF MECHANICS. 1.1. Mechanics, science of nature. 1.1.1. Basic notions. 1.1.2. Mathematical model of mechanics. 1.2. Dimensional analysis. Units. Homogeneity. Similitude. 1.2.1. Physical quantities. Units. 1.2.2. Homogeneity. 1.2.3. Similitude.
2. MECHANICS OF THE SYSTEMS OF FORCES. 2.1. Introductory notions. 2.1.1. Decomposition of forces. Bases. 2.1.2. Products of vectors. 2.2. Systems of forces. 2.2.1. Moments. 2.2.2. Reduction of systems of forces.
3. MASS GEOMETRY. DISPLACEMENTS. CONSTRAINTS. 3.1. Mass geometry. 3.1.1. Centres of mass. 3.1.2. Moments of inertia. 3.2. Displacements. Constraints. 3.2.1. Displacements. 3.2.2. Constraints.
4. STATICS. 4.1. Statics of discrete mechanical systems. 4.1.1. Statics of the particle. 4.1.2. Statics of discrete systems of particles. 4.2. Statics of solids. 4.2.1. Statics of rigid solids. 4.2.2. Statics of threads.
5. KINEMATICS. 5.1. Kinematics of the particle. 5.1.1. Trajectory and velocity of the particle. 5.1.2. Acceleration of the particle. 5.1.3. Particular cases of motion of a particle. 5.2. Kinematics of the rigid solid. 5.2.1. Kinematical formulae in the motion of a rigid solid. 5.2.2. Particular cases of motion of the rigid solid. 5.2.3. General motion of the rigid solid. 5.3. Relative motion. Kinematics of mechanical systems. 5.3.1. Relative motion of a particle. 5.3.2. Relative motion of the rigid solid. 5.3.3. Kinematics of systems of rigid solids.
6. DYNAMICS OF THE PARTICLE WITH RESPECT TO AN INERTIAL FRAME OF REFERENCE. 6.1. Introductory notions. General theorems. 6.1.1. Introductory notions. 6.1.2. General theorems. 6.2. Dynamics of the particle subjected to constraints. 6.2.1. General considerations. 6.2.2. Motion of the particle with one or two degrees of freedom.
7. PROBLEMS OF DYNAMICS OF THE PARTICLE. 7.1. Motion of the particle in a gravitational field. 7.1.1. Rectilinear and plane motion. 7.1.2. Motion of a heavy particle. 7.1.3. Pendulary motion. 7.2. Other problems of dynamics of the particle. 7.2.1. Tautochronous motions. Motions on a brachistochrone and on a geodesic curve. 7.2.2. Other applications. 7.2.3. Stability of equilibrium of a particle.
8. DYNAMICS OF THE PARTICLE IN A FIELD OF ELASTIC FORCES. 8.1. The motion of a particle acted upon by a central force. 8.1.1. General results. 8.1.2. Other problems. 8.2. Motion of a particle subjected to the action of an elastic force. 8.2.1. Mechanical systems with two degrees of freedom. 8.2.2. Mechanical systems with a single degree of freedom.
9. NEWTONIAN THEORY OF UNIVERSAL ATTRACTION. 9.1. Newtonian model of universal attraction. 9.1.1. Principle of universal attraction. 9.1.2. Theory of Newtonian potential. 9.2. Motion due to the action of Newtonian forces of attraction. 9.2.1. Motion of celestial bodies. 9.2.2. Problem of artificial satellites of the Earth and of interplanetary vehicles. 9.2.3. Applications to the theory of motion at the atomic level.
10. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS ON PARTICLE DYNAMICS. 10.1. Motion with discontinuity. 10.1.1. Particle dynamics. 10.1.2. General theorems. 10.2. Motion of a particle with respect to a non-inertial frame of reference. 10.2.1. Relative motion. Relative equilibrium. 10.2.2. Elements of terrestrial mechanics. 10.3. Dynamics of the particle of variable mass. 10.3.1. Mathematical model of the motion. General theorems. 10.3.2. Motion of a particle of variable mass in a gravitational field. 10.3.3. Mathematical pendulum. Motion of a particle of variable mass in a field of central forces. 10.3.4. Applications of Meshcherskii’s generalized equation.
APPENDIX. 1. Elements of vector calculus. 1.1. Vector analysis. 1.2. Exterior differential calculus. 2. Notions of field theory. 2.1. Conservative vectors. Gradient. 2.2. Differential operators of first and second order. 2.3. Integral formulae. 3. Elements of theory of distributions. 3.1. Composition of distributions. 3.2. Integral transforms in distributions. 3.3.