Medical Factors and Psychological Disorders: A Handbook for Psychologists

Medical Factors and Psychological Disorders: A Handbook for Psychologists

by Alan S. Bellack, R.L. Morrison

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781468452327
Publisher: Springer US
Publication date: 08/16/2013
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987
Pages: 374
Product dimensions: 7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

I Introduction.- 1. Physical and Psychological Dysfunction: An Integrative Perspective.- The Biopsychosocial Perspective.- Treating Chronic Illness.- New Directions in Psychology Training.- Biological Psychiatry.- Basic Tenets.- Implications for Clinical Psychology.- Treatment Planning for Psychiatric Disorders.- Behavioral Medicine and Health Psychology.- Neuropsychology and Behavioral Psychopharmacology.- Summary.- References.- 2. Issues in Pharmacological Treatment.- Basic Concepts.- Neurotransmitters.- Pharmacokinetics.- Neuroleptics.- Side Effects.- Antidepressants.- Lithium.- Antianxiety Agents.- Drug Interactions.- Combining Pharmacotherapy and Psychotherapy.- Conclusion.- References.- II Psychiatric Disorders.- 3. Anxiety Disorders.- The Diagnosis and Classification of Anxiety Disorders.- Phobic Disorders.- Anxiety States.- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.- Another Diagnostic System.- Differential Diagnosis.- Genetic and Family Studies.- Biology of Anxiety.- Adrenergic Pathways in the Central Nervous System.- Gamma-Amino-Butyric-Acid-(GABA)-Ergic Pathways and Benzodiazine Receptors in the Central Nervous System.- Sodium Lactate Infusion Test.- Other Physiological Measurements.- Pharmacotherapy and Prediction.- Complications and Prognosis.- Conclusion.- References.- 4. Affective Disorders.- Classification and Differential Diagnosis.- Overview of DSM-III Diagnoses.- Specific Diagnostic Categories.- Differential Diagnosis.- Biological Abnormalities.- Neurochemical Abnormalities.- Neurophysiological Abnormalities.- Neuroendocrine Abnormalities.- Somatic Treatment.- Antidepressant Medications.- Neuroleptics.- Electroconvulsive Therapy.- Antidepressant-Psychotherapy Combinations.- Conclusion.- References.- 5. Psychosexual Disorders.- Gender Identity Disorders.- Transsexualism (302.5x); Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood (302.60); and Atypical Gender-Identity Disorder (302.85).- Paraphilias.- Psychosexual Dysfunctions.- Inhibited Sexual Desire (302.71).- Inhibited Sexual Excitement (302.72).- Inhibited Female Orgasm (302.73).- Inhibited Male Orgasm (302.74).- Premature Ejaculation (302.75).- Functional Dyspareunia (302.76).- Functional Vaginismus (306.51).- Other Psychosexual Disorders.- Ego-Dystonic Homosexuality (302.00).- Psychosexual Disorder Not Elsewhere Classified (302.89).- Summary.- References.- 6. Somatoform, Dissociative, and Factitious Disorders.- Somatoform Disorders.- Background.- Somatization Disorders.- Conversion Disorders.- Psychogenic Pain Disorders.- Hypochondriasis.- Dissociative Disorders.- Amnesia.- Fugue.- Depersonalization Disorder.- Multiple Personality Disorder.- Atypical Dissociative Disorder.- Factitious Disorders.- Chronic Factitious Disorder with Physical Symptoms.- Factitious Disorder with Psychological Symptoms.- Conclusion.- References.- 7. Organic Mental Disorders.- Dementia.- Alcoholism.- Alzheimer’s Disease.- Parkinson’s Disease.- Huntington’s Chorea.- Pick’s Disease.- Senile Dementia.- Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease.- Multiple Sclerosis.- Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.- General Paresis.- Multi-Infarct Dementia.- Commentary.- Delirium.- Amnestic Syndrome.- Organic Delusional Syndrome.- Organic Hallucinosis.- Organic Affective Syndrome.- Organic Personality Syndrome.- Intoxication.- Alcohol Intoxication.- Barbiturate Intoxication.- Opioid Intoxication.- Cocaine Intoxication.- Amphetamine Intoxication.- Phencyclidine (PCP) Intoxication.- Hallucinogen Intoxication.- Cannabis Intoxication.- Caffeine Intoxication.- Withdrawal Syndromes.- Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome.- Barbiturate Withdrawal Syndrome.- Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome.- Amphetamine Withdrawal Syndrome.- Tobacco Withdrawal Syndrome.- Atypical or Mixed Organic Brain Syndrome.- Comment.- Summary.- References.- III Nonpsychiatric Disorders.- 8. Low Back Pain.- The Role of the Psychologist in the Treatment of Pain.- The Psychologist as Therapist or Psychometrician.- The Psychologist as Advocate.- Psychological Skills Required for System Entry.- Medical System-Hospital Mechanics.- Patient Responsibility.- Status.- The Medical Chart.- Differential Diagnosis of Back Pain (Psychological).- Differential Diagnosis of Back Pain (Physiological).- Acute Lumbosacral Strain.- Chronic Lumbosacral Strain.- Lumbar Disc Disease.- Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain.- Regulated Inactivity.- Regulated Activity.- Exercise—General.- Exercise—Therapeutic.- Topical and Transcutaneous Therapy.- Pharmacological Therapy.- Surgical Procedures in Diagnosis and Treatment.- Chronic Pain and Iatrogenesis.- References.- 9. Behavioral Aspects of Arterial Hypertension and Its Treatment.- Definition and Epidemiology.- Etiology and Pathophysiology.- Secondary Hypertension.- Essential Hypertension.- Symptoms and Diagnoses.- Secondary Hypertension.- Essential Hypertension.- Differential Diagnosis.- Treatment.- Pharmacological Treatment.- Side Effects.- Behavioral Factors in the Treatment of Hypertension.- References.- 10. Neurological Disorders.- Moderating Variables.- Deficits, Disorganization, and Disinhibition.- Specialization of Function.- Closed-Head Injury.- Incidence.- Pathophysiology.- Minor Head Injury.- Moderate and Severe Head Injury.- Seizure Disorders.- Incidence.- Pathophysiology.- Defining Seizures and Epilepsy.- Classification of Seizure Disorders.- Neuropsychological Findings.- Psychosis and Behavior Change in Epilepsy.- Epilepsy and Aggression.- Psychological Treatments to Reduce Seizure Frequency.- Conversion Seizures.- Psychosocial Complications.- Stroke.- Incidence and Pathophysiology.- Behavioral Changes.- Treatment.- Tumors.- Incidence and Pathophysiology.- Problems of Differential Diagnosis.- Behavioral Changes in Patients with Brain Tumors.- Treatment.- Multiple Sclerosis.- Psychopharmacological Treatment in Neurological Disorders.- Antidepressants.- Lithium.- Propranolol.- Sedative-Hypnotics.- Anticonvulsants.- Antipsychotics.- General Approach to Behavioral Treatment in Neurological Disorders.- References.- 11. Psychosomatic Medicine.- Historical Perspective.- Diagnosis.- The Multiple Predispositions to Disease.- Inherited Traits.- Pre- to Postnatal Environment and Genetics.- Immunological Factors.- Physiological Risk and Behavior.- Cognitive and Affective Disturbances.- Family.- Culture.- Summary.- Factors Initiating Illness.- Life Events.- Mitigating Factors.- Loss and Affective States.- Factors Sustaining Disease Processes.- Physiological Mechanisms of Psychosocial Contributions to Disease.- Forms of Treatment.- Psychotherapy.- Group Therapy.- Family Therapy.- Hypnosis.- Behavior Therapy.- Biofeedback.- Psychopharmacology.- Other Treatments.- Conclusion: Management Issues Relevant to Psychologists.- References.- 12. Life-Threatening Disease: Biopsychosocial Dimensions of Cancer Care.- Focus and Outline.- Problem Conditions Associated with Cancer.- Somatic Conditions.- Psychological Conditions.- Social Conditions.- Psychosocial Intervention in Cancer Care.- Traditional Psychosocial Intervention Approaches.- Problem-Oriented Intervention Approaches.- Behavioral Intervention in Cancer Care.- Summary.- References.- 13. Headache.- Issues in Classification and Diagnosis of Headache.- Clinical Features of Headache.- Differential Diagnosis of Headache.- Pathophysiology of Headache.- Migraine Headache.- Cluster Headache.- Muscle-Contraction Headache.- Medical Treatment of Headache.- Migraine Headache.- Cluster Headache.- Muscle-Contraction Headache.- Combined Migraine and Muscle-Contraction Headache.- Summary.- References.- 14. Eating Disorders.- Anorexia Nervosa.- Diagnosis.- Medical Problems.- Treatment Implications.- Summary.- Bulimia.- Diagnosis.- Medical Problems.- Treatment Implications.- Summary.- Obesity.- Diagnosis.- Medical Problems.- Treatment Implications.- Summary.- Conclusion.- References.

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