Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis
Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages / Edition 3

Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages / Edition 3

by C. H. Lawrence
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For a thousand years the monasteries and religious orders played a major role in the society, economy and culture of the west and this book traces the Western monastic tradition in its social context, from its fourth-century origins in the deserts of Egypt and Syria through to the many and various forms of religious life it assumed during the Middle Ages. Among many topics, the author examines monastic studies and the relationship between the cloister and the schools, the controversy between the Benedictines and the spokesmen of the reformed monasticism of the twelfth century and the social composition of the nunneries and the particular problems that confronted women in the religious life. For readers interested in medieval or religious history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900582404273
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 10/23/2000
Series: Medieval World Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Editionxi
Preface to the Second Editionxii
Preface to the Third Editionxiii
Abbreviations used in the Notesxiv
1The Call of the Desert1
The desert hermits5
St Pachomius and the cenobitical life7
St Basil8
The desert tradition transmitted to the West10
The first Western monks12
2The Rule of St Benedict18
St Benedict and his biographer18
The Rule and its sources21
The monk's profession according to the Rule24
The monk's life according to the Rule29
3Wandering Saints and Princely Patrons39
Columbanus in Gaul39
Early Irish monasticism41
Columbanus and the Merovingian nobility47
The double monasteries of Gaul49
The mixed rule in Gaul and Spain50
4England and the Continent54
Roman and Celtic foundations54
Wearmouth and Jarrow58
The Anglo-Saxon monks on the Continent61
5The Emperor and the Rule66
The religious motives for endowment66
Social convenience68
Public policy69
The Rule under imperial supervision73
Collapse and dispersal78
6The Age of Cluny83
The rise of Cluny83
The Cluniac empire87
The Cluniac ideal94
Gorze and the German revival99
The English revival of the tenth century100
7The Cloister and the World107
The daily round108
Monastic tasks and their distribution117
The social and economic role123
Feudal obligations127
Lay patrons129
Relations with bishops and secular clergy132
The cloister and the schools137
8The Quest for the Primitive146
The orders of hermits149
The Rule and the desert152
The Carthusians156
The canons regular160
The Premonstratensians166
9The Cistercian Model172
The truth of the letter172
Growth and recruitment180
The constitution of the order183
The general chapter187
Criticism and dilution189
10The New Monasticism Versus the Old199
St Bernard and Peter the Venerable199
Reformers and traditionalists203
11A New Kind of Knighthood207
The Templars209
The Hospitallers212
Decline and fall214
12Sisters or Handmaids217
Frauenfrage--the question of the sisters217
St Gilbert and the Order of Sempringham224
The Cistercian nuns227
A new experiment: the Beguines231
13The Friars238
The social context239
New evangelists241
Franciscan origins244
The Order of Preachers252
The mission of the friars258
Student orders261
The complaint of the clergy264
The place of the nuns268
Other Mendicant Orders269
14Epilogue: The Individual and the Community279
A Cistercian abbey ground plan305

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