Anne Fanshawe (1625 - 1680) was an English memoirist. In 1644 she married her second cousin Richard Fanshawe (1608-1666). After the Restoration he held various appointments, and was Ambassador to Portugal and then to Spain successively. He served as Member of Parliament for Cambridge University from 1661 until his death in Madrid. Richard was Secretary of War to Prince Charles. After her husband's death Ann wrote a manuscript Memoir for the family that is now in the British Library, which provided a colorful account of their extraordinary adventures, as well as giving carefully observed details of clothing and customs encountered in their travels.