ISBN-10:
1506326536
ISBN-13:
9781506326535
Pub. Date:
01/27/2017
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Memory: Foundations and Applications / Edition 3

Memory: Foundations and Applications / Edition 3

by Bennett L. Schwartz

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Overview

Memory: Foundations and Applications / Edition 3

The fully updated Third Edition of Bennett L. Schwartz’s Memory: Foundations and Applications engages students in an exploration of how memory works in everyday life through unique applications in areas such as education, job-related memory, investigations, and courtrooms. Throughout the book, integrated coverage of cognitive psychology and neuroscience connects theory and research to the areas in the brain where memory processes occur. Four overarching themes that create a framework for the text include: the active nature of learning and remembering; memory's status as a biological process; the multiple components of memory systems; and how memory principles can improve our individual ability to learn and remember. Featuring substantive changes that bring the book completely up to date, the Third Edition offers students an array of high-interest examples for augmenting their own memory abilities and appreciation of memory science.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781506326535
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 01/27/2017
Edition description: Third Edition
Pages: 544
Sales rank: 176,638
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Bennett L. Schwartz is a professor of psychology at Florida International University. He earned his BA (1988) and PhD (1993) from Dartmouth College. Dr. Schwartz does research on metacognition, human memory, and non-human memory, and has published over 50 journal articles in this area, as well as many books and book chapters. He is past president of the Southern Workers in Memory (2006) and the Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology (2016). He was associate editor of the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition and is on the editorial board of several journals. Dr. Schwartz teaches courses in memory, cognition, and sensation and perception. He is the author of two textbooks, Memory: Foundations and Applications, Third Edition, and with John H. Krantz, Sensation and Perception, Second Edition.

Table of Contents

Preface
1 Introduction to the Study of Memory
The Science of Memory
The History of Memory Research
Section Quiz
Methods of Studying Memory
Memory Measures
Section Summary and Quiz
Improving Memory Efficiency
Themes for the Book
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
2 Memory and the Brain
Old Questions, New Answers
Brain and Memory
Neurons
Structures of the Human Brain
Interim Summary and Quiz
Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience
Section Quiz
Neuropsychology: Memory Deficits and Amnesia
Chemical Enhancement of Memory
Olfaction, Memory, and the Brain
Memory, Music, and the Brain
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
3 Working Memory
What Is Working Memory?
Some Terminological Clarifications
Sensory Memory
Working Memory Capacity
The Duration of Information in Working Memory
The Serial Position Curve and Its Implication for Working Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
The Working Memory Model of Baddeley
Working Memory Systems
Section Summary and Quiz
Working Memory and the Brain
Applications of Working Memory
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
4 Episodic Memory
Evidence for the Episodic/Semantic Distinction
Section Summary and Quiz
Memory Processes: Encoding, Representation, and Retrieval (Part I)
Section Summary and Quiz
Memory Processes: Encoding, Representation, and Retrieval (Part II)
Directed Forgetting
Prospective Memory
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
5 Semantic Memory
Associative Structures in Semantic Memory
Semantic Priming and Lexical Decision Tasks
Sentence Verification Tasks
Bilingual Representation
Section Summary and Quiz
Concepts and Categories
Section Summary and Quiz
Schemas and Scripts
Semantic Memory and Music
Language, Lexical Memory, and Semantic Memory
Section Quiz
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
6 Visual Memory
Visual Memory: Recognition and Recall
Representation and Imagery
Section Summary and Quiz
Other Topics in Visual Memory
Photographic Memory: Reality or Fantasy?
Cognitive Maps
Memory for Faces
Simultaneous and Sequential Lineups in Eyewitness Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
Application of Visual Imagery to Mnemonics
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
7 Autobiographical Memory
Conway’s Theory of Representation in Autobiographical Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
Childhood Amnesia
Flashbulb Memories
Collaborative Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
Diary Studies and Autobiographical Memory
The Cue-Word Technique for Eliciting Autobiographical Memories and the Reminiscence Bump
Aspects of Autobiographical Memory
The Neuroscience of Autobiographical Memory
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
8 False Memory
Correspondence, Accuracy, and Amount
Source Monitoring
Methods of Studying False Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
Hypnosis and Memory
Recovered Memory: The Reality of Repression
False Memories and Legal Psychology
Eyewitness Testimony
The Misinformation Effect
Section Summary and Quiz
The Cognitive Interview: More Information Without Suggestion
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
9 Metamemory
What Is Metamemory?
Theories of Metamemory
Section Summary and Quiz
Types of Judgments
Section Summary and Quiz
Control Processes in Metamemory
Other Kinds of Metamemory
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
10 Memory Disorders
What Is Amnesia?
Case Studies of Amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
Section Summary and Quiz
Retrograde Amnesia
Frontal Syndrome
Transient Global Amnesia
Short-Term Memory Amnesia
Reduplicative Paramnesia and Capgrass Syndrome
Section Summary and Quiz
Psychogenic Amnesia
Alzheimer’s Disease
Memory Rehabilitation
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
11 Memory in Childhood
Memory in Infancy
Section Summary and Quiz
Memory in Early Childhood
Children’s Eyewitness Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
Memory in Older Children
Metamemory in Children
A Guide to Developing Memory Skills in Young Children
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
12 Memory in Older Adults
Theories of Aging and Memory
Section Summary and Quiz
Age-Related Changes in Working Memory
Semantic Memory
Episodic Memory
False Memory in Older Adults
Section Summary and Quiz
Metamemory in Older Adults
Use It or Lose It: Maintaining Memory Ability in Older Adults
Mnemonic Tips for Older Adults
The Neuroscience of Memory and Aging
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
13 Memory Improvement and Learning Efficiency: A User’s Guide
1. Process for Meaning
2. Engage in Retrieval Practice
Section Summary and Quiz
3. Use Metamemory
4. Distribute Your Practice
Section Summary and Quiz
Myths and Methods to Avoid
Mnemonists
Summary
Key Terms
Review Questions
Online Resources
Glossary
References
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Author

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