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The authors trace the emergence of Atatürk and Reza Shah through the constitutional revolutions in Iran and the Ottoman Empire, which led to the introduction of European social models, the establishment of dictatorship and of secularist reforms. This produced in both Turkey and Iran highly authoritarian, nationalist, and quasi-westernised states, where the personality cult of the leader defined the politics of each country.
|Publisher:||I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd|
|Product dimensions:||5.10(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Touraj Atabaki is a Professor of Social History of the Middle East and Central Asia at Leiden University and Senior Research Fellow at the International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam.
Erik J. Zürcher is a Professor of Turkish Studies at the University of Leiden.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Theories of Modernisation, Nationalism and Nation-Building, Special Emphasis on the Concept of “Defensive Modernisation”
• The Constitutional Legacy
• National Liberation and Revolutionary Leadership
• Authoritarian Modernisation
• The Results and Limits of Top-Down Modernisation
• Conclusion: The Kemalist and Pahlevi Experience in the Global Context of the Interbellem