Messianic Woes in First Peter: Suffering and Eschatology in 1 Peter 4:12-19

Messianic Woes in First Peter: Suffering and Eschatology in 1 Peter 4:12-19

by Mark Dubis

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Overview

Messianic Woes in First Peter: Suffering and Eschatology in 1 Peter 4:12-19 by Mark Dubis

This book explores 1 Peter against the backdrop of apocalyptic thought within early Judaism and Christianity, especially the concept of messianic woes (an expectation that a period of suffering and tribulation would preface the coming of the Messiah). It focuses upon 1 Peter’s most eschatologically charged passage, 4:12-19, and argues that the messianic woes pattern shapes both this pericope as well as the book as a whole.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780820451862
Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing Inc.
Publication date: 01/29/2002
Series: Studies in Biblical Literature Series , #33
Pages: 234
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.06(h) x (d)

About the Author

The Author: Mark Dubis is Assistant Professor of Christian Scriptures at The George W. Truett Theological Seminary of Baylor University in Waco, Texas. He received his Ph.D. in biblical studies from Union Theological Seminary in Virginia.

Table of Contents

Editor's Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
List of Abbreviationsxv
Introduction1
1.Messianic Woes in Early Judaism and Christianity5
Rabbinic Literature6
Qumran Literature13
Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch20
Apocalypse of Abraham25
Jubilees27
Testament of Moses29
Revelation33
Concluding Observations35
2.The Apocalyptic Character of 1 Peter37
Characteristics of "Apocalyptic" Literature38
Temporal Axis39
Spatial Axis41
Supernatural Revelation42
Exhortational Function43
Importance of "Apocalyptic" Concepts for 1 Peter44
3.Exile, the Woes, and Restoration46
Exile and Restoration in Early Judaism46
Exile and Restoration in 1 Peter48
Isaiah 40-55 in 1 Peter48
Other Images of Exile and Restoration53
Messianic Woes as Transition from Exile to Restoration59
4.The Necessity of the Fiery Test (1 Peter 4:12)63
The Necessity of Suffering63
[characters not reproducible] and Suffering in the NT64
Suffering as Necessary in 1 Peter68
Differing Situations of Suffering in 1 Peter?72
The Meaning of [characters not reproducible]76
Extrabiblical Use77
Septuagintal Uses of [characters not reproducible]77
Metallurgical Meaning of [characters not reproducible] in 1 Peter 4:1278
Eschatological Connotations of [characters not reproducible]79
The [characters not reproducible] of God's People85
OT Use of [characters not reproducible]86
Extrabiblical Jewish Use of [characters not reproducible]87
Eschatological Use of [characters not reproducible]89
Satan and [characters not reproducible]94
5.The "Sufferings of Christ" (1 Peter 4:13)96
First Peter 4:1396
Imitation of Christ Interpretation97
Mystical Union Interpretation98
Messianic Woes Interpretation99
First Peter 5:1104
First Peter 1:10-12107
Who Are the "Prophets" of 1 Peter 1:10-12?108
[characters not reproducible]110
6.The "Spirit of Glory" and Restoration (1 Peter 4:14)118
OT Descriptions of the Spirit upon Someone118
Presence of the Spirit upon Leaders in the OT118
Isaiah 11:2 as OT Background of 1 Peter 4:14119
The Spirit of God upon All Israel121
The Spirit and Restoration from Exile122
The Spirit and Restoration Glory123
[characters not reproducible]124
The Spirit's Presence: Sporadic or Enduring?125
7.Lawlessness and Apostasy During the Woes (1 Peter 4:15-16)130
First Peter 4:15's Offenses: Real or Rhetorical?133
First Peter 4:15 and Eschatological Lawlessness134
First Peter 4:16 and Eschatological Apostasy135
Who Suffers the Messianic Woes?139
8.The Beginning of Judgment (1 Peter 4:17)142
Judgment as Eschatological142
The [characters not reproducible] of Judgment143
Judgment of God's People145
NT Parallels146
OT Parallels148
Intertestamental Parallels154
Messianic Woes as the Beginning of Judgment157
9.Survivors of the Messianic Woes (1 Peter 4:18)163
Proverbs 11:31 in Its OT Context163
Proverbs 11:31 in the MT164
LXX's Modification of Proverbs 11:31165
Proverbs 11:31 in 1 Peter 4:18166
[characters not reproducible] and the Destruction of the Wicked167
The Righteous Barely Survive the Woes168
The Need for God's Protection to Survive the Woes170
10.Trusting God in the Woes (1 Peter 4:19)172
[characters not reproducible] and Eschatological Deliverance172
[characters not reproducible] and the Hope of New Creation174
God as [characters not reproducible]: An Eschatological Refrain175
Suffering "According to the Will of God"176
First Peter 4:19 and Psalm 30:6178
First Peter 4:19 and 1 Peter 2:23c178
Humble Submission in the Eschatological Ordeal182
Conclusion186
Bibliography192
Modern Author Index211
Textual Index216

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