ISBN-10:
0195083776
ISBN-13:
9780195083774
Pub. Date:
08/28/1996
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Methods in Observational Epidemiology / Edition 2

Methods in Observational Epidemiology / Edition 2

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Overview

Methods in Observational Epidemiology / Edition 2

Providing a comprehensive picture of the design, conduct, analysis, and interpretation of non-experimental studies of both infectious and non-infectious diseases, the Second Edition of this widely used text has been thoroughly updated to take into account the numerous developments in epidemiology over the past decade. Since the first edition was published in 1986, additional sources of data have become available through the increasing use of computerized records for health-related purposes. Also, a better understanding of the uses and limitations of certain epidemiologic concepts has been gained. Modifications of traditional study designs, including nested case-control studies and case-cohort studies, are now more frequently employed. Biological markers of exposure, disease susceptibility, and disease itself are used in many studies and methods of statistical analysis have been further developed. All of these developments have been considered in writing the Second Edition.
The authors cover the full scope of observational studies, describing in detail cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and epidemic investigation. The use of statistical procedures is described in easy-to-understand terms. Sample size estimation, sampling, measurement, and measurement error are fully discussed. Each chapter in the second edition has been updated and several chapters have been expanded. Chapter 3, which summarizes sources of data on disease occurrence, includes several additional sources of data. Chapter 5, which describes modifications of traditional study designs, now contains nested case-control and case-cohort studies. Chapter 15, on other types of measurement, has been expanded to include sections on measurement in epidemiologic studies of the elderly and on biological markers since these have become major areas of epidemiologic research in recent years. Much of the material in Chapters 6, 7, and 9 on the analysis of data from epidemiologic studies is also new to this edition.
Perhaps the greatest challenge for the authors in writing this Second Edition was to make some of the modern, frequently used methods of statistical analysis understandable to readers with a limited mathematical or statistical background. Although this book is intended for readers who have had introductory courses in epidemiology and biostatistics, even readers who do not fully comprehend the theory behind some of the techniques should understand the rationale for their use and be able to interpret results when they appear on a computer printout or in the literature. The Second Edition of this widely used text will serve as a practical resource for students and practitioners of epidemiology, public health and biostatistics.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195083774
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 08/28/1996
Series: Monographs in Epidemiology and Biostatistics Series , #26
Edition description: REV
Pages: 448
Product dimensions: 9.44(w) x 6.38(h) x 1.29(d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Biologic and Statistical Concepts
3. Sources of Routinely Collected Data on Disease Occurrence
4. Prospective Cohort Studies: Planning and Execution
5. Retrospective Cohort, Nested Case-Control and Case-Cohort Studies: Planning and Execution
6. Cohort Studies: Statistical Analysis I
7. Cohort Studies: Statistical Analysis II
8. Case-Control Studies: Planning and Execution
9. Case-Control Studies: Further Design Consideration and Statistical Analysis
10. Crossd-Sectional and Other Types of Studies
11. Epidemic Investigation
12. Methods of Sampling and Estimation of Sample Size
13. Measurement Error
14. Measurement I: Questionnaires
15. Measurement II: Other Types of Measurement

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