The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers Series)

The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers Series)

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Duke University Press Books
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The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers Series)

The Mexico Reader is a vivid introduction to muchos Méxicos—the many Mexicos, or the many varied histories and cultures that comprise contemporary Mexico. Unparalleled in scope and written for the traveler, student, and expert alike, the collection offers a comprehensive guide to the history and culture of Mexico—including its difficult, uneven modernization; the ways the country has been profoundly shaped not only by Mexicans but also by those outside its borders; and the extraordinary economic, political, and ideological power of the Roman Catholic Church. The book looks at what underlies the chronic instability, violence, and economic turmoil that have characterized periods of Mexico’s history while it also celebrates the country’s rich cultural heritage.

A diverse collection of more than eighty selections, The Mexico Reader brings together poetry, folklore, fiction, polemics, photoessays, songs, political cartoons, memoirs, satire, and scholarly writing. Many pieces are by Mexicans, and a substantial number appear for the first time in English. Works by Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes are included along with pieces about such well-known figures as the larger-than-life revolutionary leaders Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata; there is also a comminiqué from a more recent rebel, Subcomandante Marcos. At the same time, the book highlights the perspectives of many others—indigenous peoples, women, politicians, patriots, artists, soldiers, rebels, priests, workers, peasants, foreign diplomats, and travelers.

The Mexico Reader explores what it means to be Mexican, tracing the history of Mexico from pre-Columbian times through the country’s epic revolution (1910–17) to the present day. The materials relating to the latter half of the twentieth century focus on the contradictions and costs of postrevolutionary modernization, the rise of civil society, and the dynamic cross-cultural zone marked by the two thousand-mile Mexico-U.S. border. The editors have divided the book into several sections organized roughly in chronological order and have provided brief historical contexts for each section. They have also furnished a lengthy list of resources about Mexico, including websites and suggestions for further reading.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822330424
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Publication date: 01/16/2003
Series: Latin America Readers Series
Pages: 808
Sales rank: 194,033
Product dimensions: 6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x 2.06(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

A Note on Style xiii

Introduction 1

I The Search for "Lo Mexicano"

Introduction 9

The Mexican Character / Joel Poinsett 11

The Cosmic Race / José Vasconcelos 15

The Sons of La Malinche / Octavio Paz 20

The Problem of National Culture / Guillermo Bonfil Batalla 28

Does It Mean Anything to Be Mexican? / Roger Bartra 33

Mexico City 1992 / Alma Guillermoprieto 41

Two Ranchera Songs / José Alfredo Jiménez and Cuco Sánchez 53

II Ancient Civilizations

Introduction 55

The Origins of the Aztecs / Anonymous 57

The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society / Inga Clendinnen 61

Popol Vuh / Anonymous 79

The Meaning of Maize for the Maya / J. Eric Thompson 86

Omens Foretelling the Conquest / Anonymous 92

III Conquest and Colony

Inroduction 95

The Spaniards’ Entry into Tenochtitlán / Bernal Díaz del Castillo and Hernán Cortés 97

Cortés and Montezuma / J.H. Eliott 105

The Battles of Tenochtitlán and Tlateloclo / Anonymous 109

The Spiritual Conquest, Fray Jerónimo de Mendieta 114

Why the Indians Are Dying / Alonso de Zorita 122

The Colonial Latifundio / Enrique Florescano 131

A Baroque Archbishop-Viceroy / Irving Leonard 141

On Men's Hypocrisy / Sor Juana 156

The Itching Parrot, the Priest, and the Subdelegate / José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi 160

IV Trials of the Young Republic

Introduction 169

The Siege of Guanajuato / Lucas Alamán 171

Sentiments of the Nation / José María Morelos 189

Plan of Iguala / Agustín de Iturbide 192

Women and War in Mexico / Frances Calderón de la Barca 196

The Glorious Revolution of 1844 / Guillermo Prieto 206

Décimas Dedicated to Santa Anna’s Leg / Anonymous 213

War and Finance, Mexican Style / Juan Bautista Morales 217

A Conservative Procession of Faith / The Editors of El Tiempo 220

Considerations Relating to the Political and Social Situation / Mariana Otero 226

Liberals and the Land / Luis Gonzáles y Gonzáles 239

Standard Plots and Rural Resistance / Raymond B. Craib 252

Offer to the Crown to Maximilian / Junta of Conservative Notables 263

A Letter from Mexico / Empress Carlotta 265

The Triumph of the Republic / Benito Juárez 270

Pofirio Díaz Visits Yucatán / Channing Arnold and Frederick J. Tabor Frost 273

Scenes from a Lumber Camp / B. Traven 279

President Díaz, Hero of the Americas / James Creelman 285

Gift of the Skeletons / Anonymous 292

Special Section

Mexican History in Photographs / John Mraz 297

V Revolution

Introduction 333

Land and Liberty / Ricardo Flores Magón 339

The Restoration of the Ejido / Luis Cabrera 344

Zapatistas in the Palace / Martín Luis Guzmán 351

Mexico Has Been Turned into a Hell / William O. Jenkins 357

Pancho Villa / John Reed 364

La Punitiva / Anonymous 372

Pedro Martinez / Oscar Lewis 375

Juan the Chamula / Ricardo Pozas 387

The Constitution of 1917: Articles 27 and 123 398

An Agrarian Encounter / Rosalie Evans 403

Ode to Cuanhtémoc / Carlos Pellicer 406

The Socialist ABC's / Anonymous 411

The Ballad of Valentin of the Sierra / Anonymous 418

Mexico Must Become a Nation of Institutions and Laws / Plutarco Elias Calles 421

The Formation of the Single-Party state / Carlos Fuentes 426

The Rough and Tumble Career of Pedro Crespo / Gilbert M. Joseph and Allen Wells 428

A Convention in Zacapu / Salvador Lemus Fernandez 439

The Agrarian Reform in La Laguna / Fernando Benitez 445

The Oil Expropriation / Josephus Daniels 452

Cardenas and the Masses / Arturo Anguiano 456

VI The Perils of Modernity

Introduction 461

They Gave Us the Land / Juan Rulfo 465

Mexico's Crisis / Daniel Cosio Villegas 470

Struggles of a Campesino Leader / Ruben Jaramillo 482

Art and Corruption / David Alfaro Siqueiros 492

The Two faces of Acapulco during the Golden Age / Andrew Sackett 500

Mexico / Sid Tepper and Roy C. Bennett 511

The Dark Deeds of "El Negro" Durazo / José González G. 512

The Sinking City / Joel Simon 520

Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl / Roberto Vallarino 536

Modesta Gomez / Rosario Castellanos 545

VII From the Ruins

Introduction 553

The Student Movement of 1968 / Elena Poniatowska 555

El Santo's Strange Career / Anne Rubenstein 570

After the Earthquake / Victims' Coordinating Council 579

Letters to Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas / Anonymous 591

Corazón del Rocanrol / Rubén Martínez 598

I Don't Believe Them at All / Maldita Vecindad y los Hijos del Quinto Patio 612

The COCEI of Juchitan, Oaxaca: Two Documents / Leopoldo de Gyves de la Cruz and COCEI 619

Women of Juchitan / Jeffrey W. Rubin 625

EZLN Demands at the Dialogue Table / Zapatista Army of National Liberation 638

The Long Journey from Despair to Hope / Subcomandante Marcos 646

A Tzotzil Chronicle / Marian Peres Tsu 655

Debtors' Revenge / Heather Williams 670

Mexicans Would Not Be Bought, Coerced / Wayne A. Cornelius 684

VIII The Border and Beyond

Introduction 687

Plan of San Diego / Anonymous 689

The Mexican Connection / Rudolfo Acuña 692

The Maquiladoras / William Langewiesche 698

Dompe Days / Luis Alberto Urrea 708

Pedro P., Coyote / Judith Adler Hellman 717

There's a Party Going On in Texas / Anonymous 728

Two Poems about Immigrant Life / Pat Mora and Gina Valdes 731

The Deadly Harvest of the Sierra Madre / Alan Weisman 734

Two Songs about Drug Smuggling / Salomé Guitérrez and Paulino Vargas 747

The New World Border / Guillermo Gómez-Peña 750

Suggestions for Further Reading 757

Acknowledgment of Copyrights 763

Index 773

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