ISBN-10:
1904455360
ISBN-13:
9781904455363
Pub. Date:
01/01/2009
Publisher:
Caister Academic Press
Microbial Production of Biopolymers and Polymer Precursors: Applications and Perspectives

Microbial Production of Biopolymers and Polymer Precursors: Applications and Perspectives

by Bernd Rehm

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Overview

Microbial Production of Biopolymers and Polymer Precursors: Applications and Perspectives

A huge variety of biopolymers - such as polysaccharides, polyesters, and polyamides - are naturally produced by microorganisms. These range from viscous solutions to plastics. Their physical properties are dependent on the composition and molecular weight of the polymer. The genetic manipulation of microorganisms opens up an enormous potential for the biotechnological production of biopolymers with tailored properties suitable for high-value medical application such as tissue engineering and drug delivery. Written by expert, internationally renowned scientists, this comprehensive volume describes in detail the use of microorganisms for the production of the most important biopolymers and polymer precursors. The contributors describe in depth the biosynthetic pathways, physical properties, and industrial production processes; and they discuss in detail the genetic and metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biopolymer production. Also highlighted are the applications and potential applications of the biopolymers and microbial biotechnology. Topics include the biochemistry and genetics of biosynthesis of xanthan, alginate, cellulose, cyanophycin, poly(gamma-glutamic acid), levan, hyaluronic acid, organic acids, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, and polyhydroxyalkanoates. This book is recommended book for all biotechnology and microbiology laboratories.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781904455363
Publisher: Caister Academic Press
Publication date: 01/01/2009
Pages: 293
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors v

Preface ix

1 Xanthan Biosynthesis by Xanthomonas Bacteria: an Overview of the Current Biochemical and Genomic Data Anke Becker Frank-Jorg Vorholter 1

2 Microbial Production of Alginate: Biosynthesis and Applications Uwe Remminghorst Bernd H. A. Rehm 13

3 Bacterial Cellulose Production: Biosynthesis and Applications Svein Valla Helga Ertesvag Naoto Tonouchi Espen Fjaervik 43

4 Cyanophycin: Biosynthesis and Applications Ahmed Sallam Anna Steinle Alexander Steinbuchel 79

5 Biosynthesis and Application of Poly([gamma]-glutamic acid) Ing-Lung Shih Jane-Yii Wu 101

6 Levan: Applications and Perspectives Soon Ah Kang Ki-Hyo Jang Jeong-Woo Seo Ki Ho Kim Young Heui Kim Dina Rairakhwada Mi Young Seo Jae Ok Lee Sang Do Ha Chul Ho Kim Sang-Ki Rhee 145

7 Microbial Hyaluronic Acid Biosynthesis Esteban Marcellin Wendy Chen Lars Keld Nielsen 163

8 Fermentative Production of Organic Acids for Polymer Synthesis Sang Yup Lee Yu Kyung Jung Hyohak Song Ji Mahn Kim Jin Hwan Park 181

9 Metabolic Engineering of Microorganisms for Oligosaccharide and Polysaccharide Production Anne Ruffing Rachel Ruizhen Chen 197

10 Microbial Exopolysaccharides: Variety and Potential Applications Anita Suresh Kumar Kalpana Mody 229

11 Polyhydroxyalkanoates: from Bacterial Storage Compound via Renewable Plastic to Bio-Bead Katrin Grage Verena Peters Rajasekaran Palanisamy Bernd H. A. Rehm 255

Index 289

Plates A-1

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