This review of recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology covers a research area with enormous untapped potential. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other agricultural inputs derived from fossil fuels have increased agricultural production, yet growing awareness and concern over their adverse effects on soil productivity and environmental quality cannot be ignored. The high cost of these products, the difficulties of meeting demand for them, and their harmful environmental legacy have encouraged scientists to develop alternative strategies to raise productivity, with microbes playing a central role in these efforts. One application is the use of soil microbes as bioinoculants for supplying nutrients and/or stimulating plant growth. Some rhizospheric microbes are known to synthesize plant growth- promoters, siderophores and antibiotics, as well as aiding phosphorous uptake. The last 40 years have seen rapid strides made in our appreciation of the diversity of environmental microbes and their possible benefits to sustainable agriculture and production. The advent of powerful new methodologies in microbial genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology has only quickened the pace of developments. The vital part played by microbes in sustaining our planet's ecosystems only adds urgency to this enquiry. Culture-dependent microbes already contribute much to human life, yet the latent potential of vast numbers of uncultured and thus untouched microbes, is enormous. Culture-independent metagenomic approaches employed in a variety of natural habitats have alerted us to the sheer diversity of these microbes, and resulted in the characterization of novel genes and gene products. Several new antibiotics and biocatalysts have been discovered among environmental genomes and some products have already been commercialized. Meanwhile, dozens of industrial products cu
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2012|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)|
Table of Contents
Foreword.- Preface.- Part I. Microbes in Sustainable Agriculture.- 1. Plant growth promotion by phytases and phytase-producing microbes due to amelioration in phosphorus availability.- 2. Environmental and Nutritional benefits of biopreservation of animal feed.- 3. Pivotal role of organic acid secretion by rhizobacteria for plant growth promotion and bioremediation.- 4. Organic Farming – for Sustainable Production and Environmental Protection.- 5. Utilization of psychrotolerant phosphate solubilizing fungi in low temperature environments of mountain ecosystem.- 6. Antimicrobial lipopeptides of Bacillus: Natural Weapons for Biocontrol of Plant Pathogens.- 7. Frankia and actinorhizal symbiosis.- 8. Microbes in agro-waste management for sustainable agriculture.- 9. Genetic and antigenic diversity of ruminant pestiviruses: implications for diagnosis and control.- 10. Cyanobacteria-PGPR interactions for effective nutrient and pest management strategies in agriculture.- 11. Regulation of Antibiotics Production in Biocontrol Strains of Pseudomonas spp.- 12. Exploiting Plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms for enhanced crop productivity.- 13. Tripartite association among plant, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacteria.- Part II. Microbes in Biotechnology.- 14. Metagenomics – a relief road to novel microbial genes and genomes.- 15. Metagenomics of saline habitats with respect to bacterial phylogeny and biocatalytic potential.- 16. Laccases: The biocatalyst with industrial and biotechnological applications.- 17. Biotechnological applications of biocatalysts from the Firmicutes Bacillus and Geobacillus species.- 18. Recent trends in valorization of lignocellulose to biofuels.- 19. Probiotic Yeasts.- 20. Biotechnological approach to caffeine degradation: current trends and perspectives.- 21. Arxula adeninivorans (Blastobotrys adeninivorans) – imperfect dimorphic yeast of biotechnological potential.- 22. The thermostable and multi-functional enzymes catalyzing carbohydrate molecules identified from thermophilic archaea.- 23. biology on the ribonucleoprotein enzyme, RNase P, in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3.- 24. Biosynthesis of pullulan and its applications in food and pharmaceutical industry.- 25. Haolphilic microorganisms as sources of novel enzymes.- 26. Sourcing the fungal endophytes: A beneficial transaction of biodiversity, bioactive natural products, plant protection and nanotechnology.- 27. Fungi: a potential source of anti-inflammatory compounds.- 28. Application of Microbial Toxins for Cancer Therapy.- 29. Application of environmental DNA resources to create useful DNA polymerases with different properties.- 30.Utilization of tropical fruits for wine production: Special emphasis on mango (Mangifera indica L.).- 31. Biosystem development for microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR).- 32. Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) and carbon catabolite repression.- 33. Lactic acid bacteria in food industry.- 34. RNA interference and Functional Genomics in Fungi.- 35. Bioethanol: A critical appraisal.- Subject Index.