If God knows human actions in advance, do humans really have freedom of choice? Throughout the centuries various solutions have been offered as to how to retain or reconcile both the concepts of divine omniscience and human freedom. One solution focuses on the idea of middle knowledge. This theory originates with the Spanish Jesuit Luis de Molina, was contested by Reformed theologians such as Herman Bavinck, and makes a remarkable comeback among present-day analytical philosophers such as William Lane Craig.
Apart from a wealth of philosophical considerations, the appeal to biblical texts also plays an important role in the work on middle knowledge by each of these thinkers. The book examines their writings and investigates how contemporary biblical scholars interpret the biblical texts used by them. The author elaborates a creative proposal as to how these gained insights apply to the theory of middle knowledge and what this means for our overall evaluation of this theory.
About the Author
Sze Sze Chiew received her Ph.D. in Theology from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and studied Theology at Calvin Theological Seminary in Michigan and the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Her research interests include topics in systematic theology, philosophical theology, and historical theology.
Table of Contents
Contents: Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom/Free Will – The Theory of Middle Knowledge – Middle Knowledge in the 16th–17th Centuries: Luis de Molina – Middle Knowledge and Reformed Theology: Herman Bavinck – Middle Knowledge in Recent Studies: William Lane Craig – A Possible Theological Appropriation of the Bible.