Militant Islamist Ideology: Understanding the Global Threat

Militant Islamist Ideology: Understanding the Global Threat


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In offering a comprehensive explanation of how militant Islamists have hijacked the Islamic religion, Aboul-Enein provides a realistic description of the militant threat, which is far different and distinct from Islamist political discourse and the wider religion of Islam. A key adviser at the Joint Intelligence Task Force for Combating Terrorism, he argues that winning the war against Militant Islamists requires a more complete understanding of their ideology. Clearly defining the differences between Islam, Islamist, and military Islamist, he highlights how militant Islamist ideology takes selected fragments of Islamic history and theology and weaves them into a narrow, pseudo-intellectual ideology to justify their violence against Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781591140702
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
Publication date: 09/15/2013
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 8.80(w) x 6.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Youssef H. Aboul-Enein is a U.S. Navy Medical Service Corps Commander, Middle East Foreign Area Officer, and is author of Militant Islamist Ideology: Understanding the Global Threat, Iraq in Turmoil: Historical Perspectives of Dr. Ali al-Wardi from the Ottoman Empire to King Feisal, and co-author of The Secret War for the Middle East: The Influence of Axis and Allied Intelligence Operations During World War II, all published by Naval Institute Press. He currently is Adjunct Islamic Studies Chair at the National Defense University s Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy as well as Adjunct Faculty for Middle East Counter Terrorism Analysis at the National Intelligence University. His full-time duty since 2006 has been as Senior Counter-Terrorism Advisor, Warning Officer, and Instructor on Militant Islamist Ideology at the Defense Intelligence Agency s Defense Combating Terrorism Center in Washington DC. CDR Aboul-Enein served as Country Director for North Africa and Egypt, Assistant Country Director for the Arabian Gulf, and Special Advisor on Islamist Militancy at the Office of the Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs from 2002 to 2006. At the Office of the Secretary of Defense, he helped prepare Defense Department officials engage in ministerial level talks with their counterparts from Morocco to the Persian Gulf.

Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Acknowledgments xi

List of Acronyms xiii

Introduction xv

1 Precise Definitions of the Threat 1

2 A Hidden Center of Gravity: Militant Islamists Cloaking Themselves in Islam 7

3 What Is Not Being Taught in Politicized Madrassas: Beginning to Understand Militant Islamist Ideology 12

4 The Qur'an: How Do Militant Islamists Abuse Verses? 20

5 The Term Jihad: Various Interpretations 34

6 Muhammad and the Succession Crisis 38

7 Islamic Government: A Highly Debatable Concept among Muslims 49

8 The 1925 Caliphate Debates 53

9 Countering Militant Islamist Rhetoric Using Islam 72

10 Marginalizing al-Qaida: Utilizing al-Qaida Rhetoric and Actions 92

11 Ibn Taymiyyah: Unlocking the Origins of Current Militant Islamist Ideology (1263-1327) 108

12 Ibn Abdul-Wahhab (1703-1792): The Founder of Wahhabism 112

13 Hassan al-Banna and the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood: The First Islamist Political Party 116

14 Sayyid Qutb: Twentieth-Century Theoretician of Militant Islamist Ideology (1906-1966) 122

15 Inside the Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989): A Militant Islamist Perspective 136

16 Usama bin Laden: A Quick Exposé 157

17 A Basic Analytic Primer on Shiism 178

18 Other Major Figures in the Militant Islamist Movement 189

19 Al-Qaida's Wedge Issues for the United States to Consider 198

20 Mindsets That Hamper America's Capabilities 203

21 Conclusion and Further Reading 212

Notes 215

Glossary 225

Index 243

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