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by Ian Mortimer

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In Millennium, bestselling historian Ian Mortimer takes the reader on a whirlwind tour of the last ten centuries of Western history. It is a journey into a past vividly brought to life and bursting with ideas, that pits one century against another in his quest to measure which century saw the greatest change.We journey from a time when there was a fair chance of your village being burned to the ground by invaders — and dried human dung was a recommended cure for cancer — to a world in which explorers sailed into the unknown and civilizations came into conflict with each other on an epic scale. Here is a story of godly scientists, fearless adventurers, cold-hearted entrepreneurs, and strong-minded women — a story of discovery, invention, revolution, and cataclysmic shifts in perspective. Millennium is a journey into the past like no other. Our understanding of human development will never be the same again, and the lessons we learn along the way are profound ones for us all.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781681772868
Publisher: Pegasus Books
Publication date: 11/08/2016
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 416
File size: 6 MB

About the Author

Dr. Ian Mortimer has been described by the London Times as "the most remarkable medieval historian of our time." He is best known as the author of The Time Traveller's Guide to Medieval England, which was a London Sunday Times bestseller in 2010. Its follow-up, The Time Traveller's Guide to Elizabethan England, was a London Sunday Times bestseller in 2012. He was awarded the Alexander Prize by the Royal Historical Society for his work on the social history of medicine. Ian is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. Please visit his website at

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

1001-1100 The Eleventh Century 9

The growth of the Western Church 14

Peace 20

The discontinuation of slavery 23

Structural engineering 26

1101-1200 The Twelfth Century 33

Population growth 35

The expansion of the monastic network 38

The intellectual renaissance 41

Medicine 47

The rule of law 51

1201-1300 The Thirteenth Century 57

Commerce 59

Education 65

Accountability 69

Friars 73

Travel 77

1301-1400 The Fourteenth Century 84

The Black Death 86

Projectile warfare 92

Nationalism 97

Vernacular languages 102

1401-1500 The Fifteenth Century 108

The age of discovery 110

Measuring time 116

Individualism 120

Realism and Renaissance naturalism 123

1501-1600 The Sixteenth Century 129

Printed books and literacy 132

The Reformation 139

Firearms 144

The decline of private violence 148

The foundation of European empires 154

1601-1700 The Seventeenth Century 160

The Scientific Revolution 164

The Medical Revolution 172

Settlement of the world 176

The social contract 180

Rise of the middle classes 182

1701-1800 The Eighteenth Century 188

Transport and communications 189

The Agricultural Revolution 195

Enlightenment liberalism 199

Economic theory 205

The Industrial Revolution 211

Political revolution 215

1801-1900 The Nineteenth Century 224

Population growth, and urbanisation 226

Transport 231

Communications 236

Public health and sanitation 240

Photography 245

Social reform 249

1901-2000 The Twentieth Century 261

Transport 263

War 271

Life expectancy 277

The media 279

Electrical and electronic appliances 282

The invention of the future 286

Conclusion: Which century saw the most change? 295

Stability and change 296

A scale of needs 299

Social change in relation to the scale of needs 302

The end of history? 319

The principal agent of change 325

Envoi: Why it matters 328

Appendix: Population estimates 347

Notes 355

Picture Credits 379

Index 381

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