More than half a century after its translation into English, Erich Auerbach's Mimesis remains a masterpiece of literary criticism. A brilliant display of erudition, wit, and wisdom, his exploration of how great European writers from Homer to Virginia Woolf depicted reality has taught generations how to read Western literature. This new expanded edition includes a substantial essay in introduction by Edward Said as well as an essay, never before translated into English, in which Auerbach responds to his critics.
A German Jew, Auerbach was forced out of his professorship at the University of Marburg in 1935. He left for Turkey, where he taught at the state university in Istanbul. There he wrote Mimesis, publishing it in German after the end of the war. Displaced as he was, Auerbach produced a work of great erudition that contains no footnotes, basing his arguments instead on searching, illuminating readings of key passages from his primary texts. His aim was to show how from antiquity to the twentieth century literature progressed toward ever more naturalistic and democratic forms of representation. This essentially optimistic view of European history now appears as a defensiveand impassionedresponse to the inhumanity he saw in the Third Reich. Ranging over works in Greek, Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, German, and English, Auerbach used his remarkable skills in philology and comparative literature to refute any narrow form of nationalism or chauvinism, in his own day and ours.
For many readers, both inside and outside the academy, Mimesis is among the finest works of literary criticism ever written. This Princeton Classics edition includes a substantial introduction by Edward Said as well as an essay in which Auerbach responds to his critics.
About the Author
Erich Auerbach, before his death in 1957, was Sterling Professor of Romance Languages at Yale University.
Table of Contents
Introduction to the Fiftieth-Anniversary Edition ix1.Odysseus' Scar 32.Fortunata 243.The Arrest of Peter Valvomeres 504.Sicharius and Chramnesindus 775.Roland Against Ganelon 966.The Knight Sets Forth 1237.Adam and Eve 1438.Farinata and Cavalcante 1749.Frate Alberto 20310.Madame Du Chastel 23211.The World in Pantagruel's Mouth 26212.L'Humaine Condition 28513.The Weary Prince 31214.The Enchanted Dulcinea 33415.The Faux Dévot 35916.The Interrupted Supper 39517.Miller the Musician 43418.In the Hôtel de la Mole 45419.Germinie Lacerteux 49320.The Brown Stocking 525Epilogue 554Appendix 559Index 575
What People are Saying About This
Written in exile, from what Auerbach called with grave irony his 'incomparable historical vantage point,' Mimesis is a magnificent achievement. For me, as for many others, this hugely ambitious, wise account of the representation of reality in Western literature, at once a celebration and a lament, is one of the essential works of literary criticism.
Every student of literature should know Mimesis, arguably the single greatest work of 20th-century criticism. How do writersfrom Homer and Dante to Stendhal and Virginia Woolfdepict the world? To explore this question, Erich Auerbach brings to bear the authority of truly encyclopedic learning and the persuasiveness of a supple, humane literary intelligence. Yes, Mimesis is magisterial, but it is also thrilling to read, inspiring, and more relevant than ever: A masterpiece.
To describe Mimesis as a classic is to offer something of a dismissive understatement, which conveys nothing of the excitement of this book, as fresh and direct, as untechnical, as when it first appeared. To say that it constitutes virtually a history of Western literature is to omit adding that it writes that history in a way that is still new and stimulating, with nothing of the manual about it, a synchronic kind of history with which we are only just now catching up. It is also important to stress the novel relationship Auerbach establishes between sentence or syntax and narrative form; and the world-wide democratic perspective in which he framed his work which has only become visible since globalization. Mimesis is certainly one of the half dozen most important literary-critical works of the twentieth century.