During the nineteenth century, the Keweenaw Peninsula of Northern Michigan was the site of America’s first mineral land rush as companies hastened to profit from the region’s vast copper deposits. In order to lure workers to such a remote locationand work long hours in dangerous conditionscompanies offered not just competitive wages but also helped provide the very infrastructure of town life in the form of affordable housing, schools, health-care facilities, and churches.
The first working-class history of domestic life in Copper Country company towns during the boom years of 1890 to 1918, Alison K. Hoagland’s Mine Towns investigates how the architecture of a company town revealed the paternal relationship that existed between company managers and workersa relationship that both parties turned to their own advantage. The story of Joseph and Antonia Putrich, immigrants from Croatia, punctuates and illustrates the realities of life in a booming company town. While company managers provided housing as a way to develop and control a stable workforce, workers often rejected this domestic ideal and used homes as an economic resource, taking in boarders to help generate further income.
Focusing on how the exchange between company managers and a largely immigrant workforce took the form of negotiation rather than a top-down system, Hoagland examines surviving buildings and uses Copper Country’s built environment to map this remarkable connection between a company and its workers at the height of Michigan’s largest land rush.
|Publisher:||University of Minnesota Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Alison K. Hoagland is professor of history and historic preservation at Michigan Technological University and the author of Buildings of Alaska and Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D. A. Russell, 1849-1912.
Table of Contents
Introduction Negotiating Paternalism in the Copper Country ix
1 Saltboxes and T-Plans Creating and Inhabiting the Company House 1
2 The Spaces of a Strike Company Buildings and Landscapes in a Time of Conflict 55
3 "Home for the Working Man" Strategies for Homeownership 90
4 Acquiring Conveniences Water, Heat, and Light 128
5 Churches, Schools, Bathhouses Building Community on Company Land 162
6 Preservation and Loss Remembering through Buildings 217