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University of Arizona Press
Miranda: The Story of America's Right to Remain Silent

Miranda: The Story of America's Right to Remain Silent

by Gary L. Stuart, Janet Napolitano
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One of the most significant Supreme Court cases in U.S. history has its roots in Arizona and is closely tied to the state's leading legal figures. Miranda has become a household word; now Gary Stuart tells the inside story of this famous case, and with it the legal history of the accused's right to counsel and silence. Ernesto Miranda was an uneducated Hispanic man arrested in 1963 in connection with a series of sexual assaults, to which he confessed within hours. He was convicted not on the strength of eyewitness testimony or physical evidence but almost entirely because he had incriminated himself without knowing it-and without knowing that he didn't have to. Miranda's lawyers, John P. Frank and John F. Flynn, were among the most prominent in the state, and their work soon focused the entire country on the issue of their client's rights. A 1966 Supreme Court decision held that Miranda's rights had been violated and resulted in the now-famous "Miranda warnings."

Stuart personally knows many of the figures involved in Miranda, and here he unravels its complex history, revealing how the defense attorneys created the argument brought before the Court and analyzing the competing societal interests involved in the case. He considers Miranda's aftermath-not only the test cases and ongoing political and legal debate but also what happened to Ernesto Miranda. He then updates the story to the Supreme Court's 2000 Dickerson decision upholding Miranda-a Court with two former Arizona lawyers, Chief Justice Rehnquist and Justice O'Connor-and considers its implications for cases in the wake of 9/11 and the rights of suspected terrorists. Interviews with 24 individuals directly concerned with the decision-lawyers, judges, and police officers, as well as suspects, scholars, and ordinary citizens-offer observations on the case's impact on law enforcement and on the rights of the accused.

Ten years after the decision in the case that bears his name, Ernesto Miranda was murdered in a knife fight at a Phoenix bar, his killer arrested by the same police officers who had once arrested Miranda. That the defendant was "Mirandized" before confessing to the crime amply attests to the significance of this landmark decision. Miranda: The Story of America's Right to Remain Silent considers the legacy of that case and its fate in the twenty-first century as we face new challenges in the criminal justice system.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816523139
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Publication date: 10/01/2004
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 212
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Gary L. Stuart is an attorney in Phoenix. He is the author of six books, including The Gallup 14, a novel based on the notorious court case of 1930s New Mexico, and Miranda: The Story of America’s Right to Remain Silent

Table of Contents

Foreword   Janet Napolitano     xiii
Preface     xv
Crimes, Confessions, and Convictions     3
Ernest Miranda Confesses to Carroll Cooley     3
Miranda's Robbery Trial     8
Miranda's Rape Trial     15
The Case File of Coerced Confessions     22
Sylvester Cassidy and Stanley Johnson     23
Michael Vignera     24
Roy Allen Stewart     25
Carl Calvin Westover     25
The Law     27
Law and Order in '64     27
The American Right to Counsel     29
The American Privilege against Self-Incrimination     33
Escobedo     35
Miranda and the Arizona Supreme Court     40
Robert J. Corcoran-The Birth of the Miranda Warnings     42
John P. Frank and the Miranda Briefs     45
The Oral Arguments     51
Oral Argument in Miranda v. Arizona     53
John J. Flynn     53
Gary K. Nelson     58
Duane R. Nedrud     60
Oral Argument in Vignera v. New York     63
Victor M. Earle III     63
William I. Siegel     67
Oral Argument in Westover v.United States     69
F. Conger Fawcett     69
Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall     70
Oral Argument in California v. Stewart     74
Gordon Ringer     74
William A. Norris     75
Oral Argument in Johnson and Cassidy v. New Jersey     76
Stanford Shmukler     76
Norman Heine     77
M. Gene Haeberle     79
The Aftermath     80
The Miranda Opinion     80
The Miranda Warnings     83
The Right to Remain Silent     85
The Second Warning     86
The Right to the "Presence" of an Attorney     87
The Right to Counsel, Free of Charge     89
Waiving Miranda Rights     90
Miranda's Retrials     92
Miranda's Death     95
The Ongoing Debate     100
Miranda in the Twenty-First Century
The Dickerson Case     107
Miranda Revisited     107
The National Debate about Dickerson's Chances in the United States Supreme Court     112
The Dickerson Oral Arguments     114
The Dickerson Opinion     122
Continuing Legal Challenges to the Miranda Doctrine in the Wake of Dickerson      126
Fellers v. United States, U.S. Supreme Court Docket No. 02-6320, October Term, 2003-2004     126
United States v. Patane, U.S. Supreme Court Docket No. 02-1183, October Term, 2003-2004     127
Missouri v. Seibert, U.S. Supreme Court Docket No. 02-1371, October Term, 2003-2004     129
The Global Reach     131
Miranda in the Wake of September 11     131
Miranda and the al Qaeda Terror     132
The Other American Taliban-Jose Padilla and Esam Hamdi     136
A Broader Perspective     139
Looking Back on Miranda     139
John P. Frank, Esq.     140
Peter D. Baird, Esq.     141
Dean Paul Bender     141
Judge J. Thomas Brooks     142
Captain Carroll Cooley     142
Justice Robert J. Corcoran     143
John Dowd, Esq.     143
Judge Joseph Howe     144
Robert Jensen, Esq.     144
Chris Johns, Esq.     145
Barry Kroll, Esq.     145
Senator Jon Kyl, R-Arizona     145
Rex E. Lee, Esq.     146
Professor Tom Mauet     147
Craig Mehrens, Esq.     147
Attorney General Gary K. Nelson     148
Detective Ron Quaife      148
Charles Roush, Esq.     149
Chief Judge Mary Schroeder     149
Mara Siegel, Esq.     150
Judge Barry Silverman     150
Robert Storrs, Esq.     151
Paul Ulrich, Esq.     151
Judge Warren Wolfson     152
Did Miranda Retard Law Enforcement?     152
False Confessions, the Temple Murder Case, and the Tucson Four     155
If Miranda Was a Liberal Decision, Why Was Dickerson a Conservative Decision?     159
Why Did the Court Switch from the Sixth Amendment in Escobedo to the Fifth Amendment in Miranda?     161
Was It Police Methodology or Political Ideology?     162
When Did Miranda Become a "Constitutional" Decision?     167
The Future     169
Gideon's Legacy     169
Dickerson's Legacy     169
The Evolution of Miranda     170
Acknowledgments     175
Notes     177
Bibliography     195
Primary Sources
Affidavits, Reports, Witness Statements, Photographs and Transcripts     195
Personal Records, Correspondence, and Notes     195
Court Filings and Records     196
Author Interview Notes and Correspondence Files      196
Audio, Video, and Multimedia Materials     197
Secondary Sources
Books     198
Principal Supreme Court Cases and Federal Statutes     199
Law Review Articles     200
Selected Print Media     203
Index     205

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