Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial Diseases

by Wiley

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This collection of reviews and protocols provides the reader with an introduction to the current state of knowledge on how various diseases are related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondria contain their own genome, a small, circular double-stranded DNA (mtDNA), and alterations in mtDNA may play an important role in the multistep carcinogenesis of at least some types of human cancer. In addition to mutations of mtDNA, many mitochondrial syndromes are due to abnormalities in nuclear genes related to oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Mitochondrial tRNA (MTT) gene mutations are an important cause of human morbidity and are associated with a wide range of pathology, from isolated organ?]specific diseases such as myopathy or hearing loss, to multisystem disorders with encephalopathy, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and life?]threatening cardiomyopathy. The relationship of the mitochondrion organelle to aging and longevity is also discussed.

Laboratory protocols describe methodology to characterize mtDNA heteroplasmy by parallel sequencing. Each eukaryotic cell contains hundreds of mitochondria with hundreds of mitochondria genomes. Mutant and wild-type mtDNA may co-exist as heteroplasmy, and cause human disease. The purpose of this protocol is to simultaneously determine mtDNA sequence and quantify the heteroplasmic level. Another protocol describes procedures for obtaining tissue sections and cell material suitable for histological evaluation of OXPHOS activity and integrity and immunodetection of the complexes in tissue from patients suspected of mitochondrial disease. Emphasis lies on the diagnostic potential of these techniques to differentiate mtDNA from nuclear mutations.

This e-book — a curated collection from eLS, WIREs, and Current Protocols — offers a fantastic introduction to the field of mitochondrial diseases for students or interdisciplinary collaborators.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118734414
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 07/12/2013
Series: Life Science Research Fundamentals
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 140
File size: 4 MB

About the Author

Wiley empowers learners, researchers, universities, and corporations to achieve their goals in an ever-changing world. For over 200 years, Wiley has been helping people and organizations develop the skills and knowledge they need to succeed. Wiley develops digital education, learning, assessment, and certification solutions to help universities, businesses, and individuals move between education and employment and achieve their ambitions. By partnering with learned societies, we support researchers to communicate discoveries that make a difference. Our online scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, books, and other digital content build on a 200-year heritage of quality publishing.

Table of Contents


Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number Alterations in Human Cancers
Man Yu

Mitochondrial Disorders: Nuclear Gene Mutations
Daniele Ghezzi and Massimo Zeviani

Mitochondria as a Key Determinant of Aging
Ludivine Walter and Siu Sylvia Lee

Advanced Reviews

Mitochondrial tRNA Mutations and Disease
John W. Yarham, Joanna L. Elson, Emma L. Blakely, Robert McFarland, Robert W. Taylor

Human Mitochondrial Diseases Caused by Lack of Taurine Modification in Mitochondrial tRNAs
Suzuki Tsutomu, Nagao Asuteka, Suzuki Takeo


Next Generation Sequencing to Characterize Mitochondrial Genomic DNA Heteroplasmy
Current Protocols in Human Genetics
Taosheng Huang

Histochemical Methods for the Diagnosis of Mitochondrial Diseases
Current Protocols in Human Genetics
Boel De Paepe, Jan L. De Bleecker, Rudy Van Coster

Further Reading



Current Protocols

Customer Reviews