Modeled and Measured Glacier Change and Related Glaciological, Hydrological, and Meteorological Conditions at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, Balance and Water Years 2006 and 2007

Modeled and Measured Glacier Change and Related Glaciological, Hydrological, and Meteorological Conditions at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, Balance and Water Years 2006 and 2007

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Overview

Modeled and Measured Glacier Change and Related Glaciological, Hydrological, and Meteorological Conditions at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, Balance and Water Years 2006 and 2007 by William R. Bidlake, Edward G. Joshberger, Mark E. Savoca

Winter snow accumulation and summer snow and ice ablation were measured at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, to estimate glacier mass balance quantities for balance years 2006 and 2007. Mass balances were computed with assistance from a new model that was based on the works of other glacier researchers. The model, which was developed for mass balance practitioners, coupled selected meteorological and glaciological data to systematically estimate daily mass balance at selected glacier sites. The North Cascade Range in the vicinity of South Cascade Glacier accumulated approximately average to above average winter snow packs during 2006 and 2007. Correspondingly, the balance years 2006 and 2007 maximum winter snow mass balances of South Cascade Glacier, 2.61 and 3.41 meters water equivalent, respectively, were approximately equal to or more positive (larger) than the average of such balances since 1959. The 2006 glacier summer balance, -4.20 meters water equivalent, was among the four most negative since 1959. The 2007 glacier summer balance, -3.63 meters water equivalent, was among the 14 most negative since 1959. The glacier continued to lose mass during 2006 and 2007, as it commonly has since 1953, but the loss was much smaller during 2007 than during 2006. The 2006 glacier net balance, -1.59 meters water equivalent, was 1.02 meters water equivalent more negative (smaller) than the average during 1953-2005. The 2007 glacier net balance, -0.22 meters water equivalent, was 0.37 meters water equivalent less negative (larger) than the average during 1953-2006. The 2006 accumulation area ratio was less than 0.10, owing to isolated patches of accumulated snow that endured the 2006 summer season. The 2006 equilibrium line altitude was higher than the glacier. The 2007 accumulation area ratio and equilibrium line altitude were 0.60 and 1,880 meters, respectively.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781500504892
Publisher: CreateSpace Publishing
Publication date: 08/01/2014
Pages: 94
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 0.19(d)

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