Modern China: A Volume in the Comparative Societies Series

Modern China: A Volume in the Comparative Societies Series

by Richard E. Barrett, Fang Li

Paperback(New Edition)

$33.75

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780072928266
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 12/18/1998
Series: Comparative Societies Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.59(d)

Table of Contents

EDITOR'S PREFACE v(4)
AUTHOR'S PREFACE ix
Chapter 1 The People, the Place, and the Past
1(16)
Introduction
1(5)
What Do We Mean by Chinese?
2(1)
National Minorities in China
2(1)
Who or What Else Is Chinese?
3(3)
The Social Ecology of China
6(6)
Regions of China
7(3)
Religion in China
10(2)
An Outline of Chinese History
12(5)
Imperial Bureaucracy Emerges and Flourishes
13(1)
Collision with the Western Powers
14(3)
Chapter 2 The Population Dynamics of the World's Largest Nation
17(12)
Rates of Mortality, Marriage, Fertility, and Migration in Traditional China
17(3)
Population Growth in the Late Traditional Era
20(1)
Successes of the Communist State in Public Health
21(1)
Why China Has Avoided Many Chronic Diseases
22(2)
The Problem of Population Growth
24(4)
The Three Bitter Years, 1959-1961
24(2)
Chinese Population Dynamics since the Three Bitter Years
26(2)
Summary
28(1)
Chapter 3 Politics Takes Command: Effects on Social Structure and Culture
29(14)
A Brief Time Line of the People's Republic
29(4)
The Legacy of Revolution
33(2)
Controlling and Motivating the Population
35(5)
Ensuring Conformity
36(1)
Campaigns
37(1)
Models
38(2)
The End of Maoism
40(3)
Social Orientation and Terms of Address
41(1)
Reform-Era Politics
42(1)
Chapter 4 Childhood and Education
43(12)
Family Experiences of Chinese Children
43(3)
Child Rearing
45(1)
Passing on Values
45(1)
Reforming the Old School
46(2)
How the Chinese Educational System Works
48(3)
School Life
48(1)
The Declining Link between School and Work
49(1)
School and Society
49(2)
Improving the Educational System
51(3)
Universities as Growth Engines
53(1)
Sending Students Abroad: Catch-Up or Brain Drain?
53(1)
Summary
54(1)
Chapter 5 The Family and Marriage
55(16)
Families in Chinese History
55(5)
Different Aspects of Chinese Families
56(2)
Types of Families
58(1)
Clans and Lineages
59(1)
The Family and the State
59(1)
The Communist Revolution and the Family
60(1)
Chinese Family Size
61(1)
The One-Child Family
62(4)
Female Infanticide and Sex-Selective Abortion
65(1)
The Future of Birth Planning
65(1)
Marriage and Mate Selection
66(3)
Marriage and Divorce
68(1)
Domestic Abuse
69(1)
Summary
69(2)
Chapter 6 Gender and Sexuality
71(15)
The History of Gender in China
71(2)
Changing Western Views of Gender in China
72(1)
Gender Socialization
73(3)
Education and Gender
74(1)
Gender, the Labor Force, and Occupation
74(2)
Sexuality in China--A Quiet Revolution
76(4)
Sexuality in Traditional China
76(1)
Sexuality in Twentieth-Century China
77(1)
Communist Asceticism
78(2)
Sexual Attitudes and Practice: Some Comparative Numbers
80(2)
Sexual Activity among Chinese and Americans
81(1)
Frequency of Sexual Relations
81(1)
Recent Changes in Sexual Attitudes and Behavior
82(2)
The Sex Industry
82(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
83(1)
Summary
84(2)
Chapter 7 Work
86(10)
Work in Traditional China
86(1)
Effects of the Communist Revolution
87(2)
The Work Unit
88(1)
New Work Organizations in Rural Areas
88(1)
Urban Employment Practices before Reform (pre-1979)
89(1)
Socialist Economic Reforms--In Theory
90(1)
Socialist Economic Reforms--In China
91(1)
Marketization and Privatization, Chinese-Style
91(2)
Workplace-Centered Political, Economic, and Social Life
93(2)
The Changing Workplace during the Reform Period
93(1)
The Declining Significance of Ownership
94(1)
Erosion of Workplace Segmentation
94(1)
Summary
95(1)
Chapter 8 Life in Chinese Cities
96(14)
The Historical Legacy
96(5)
Planned Urbanization
97(1)
Social Control
98(1)
Social Stratification
98(1)
Urban Inequality under Socialism
99(1)
Group Consumption
100(1)
The Changing Urban Landscape during Economic Reforms
101(4)
Migrant Workers: Fourth-Class Citizens
101(3)
From a Shortage Economy to a Mixed Economy
104(1)
Differentiation of Urban Social Groups
105(1)
A Changing Urban Culture
105(3)
Tensions in the System
107(1)
Summary
108(2)
Chapter 9 Rural Industrialization and Recent Social Change
110(12)
The Distinctiveness of Rural China
111(6)
Legacies of the Bamboo Wall
111(1)
Agricultural Collectivization
112(1)
De-Collectivization
113(1)
Re-Collectivization
114(1)
Rural Economic Vitality
115(1)
The Local Corporatist Hypothesis
116(1)
Township and Village Enterprises
116(1)
Rural Urbanization
117(2)
Two-Way Migration
118(1)
Trends in Rural Inequality and Stratification
119(2)
Summary
121(1)
Chapter 10 China's New Entrepreneurs: Origins, Types, and Evolution
122(13)
Entrepreneurship: Privatization Chinese-Style
123(1)
Merchants as Scapegoats in Chinese History
124(1)
Social Origins of Entrepreneurs
124(3)
The Rural Neng Ren (Able Person) Entrepreneur
124(1)
The Urban Dao Ye (Profiteer) Entrepreneur
125(1)
The Urban Xia Hai (Sea of Commerce) Entrepreneur
126(1)
Early Rural and Urban Entrepreneurship
127(2)
A Transitional Phase, 1989-1992
128(1)
Alternative Solutions
129(2)
The Environment of the New Entrepreneur
131(2)
The Entrepreneurial Social Class
133(1)
Summary
133(2)
Chapter 11 Emerging Social Problems
135(10)
Problems of the Size, Growth, and Distribution of the Population
135(5)
Will the State Be Able to Continue the Family Planning Program?
135(1)
Who Will Take Care of the Elderly?
136(1)
Where Should New Urban Areas Be Located?
137(1)
What Will Happen to the Environment?
138(2)
Human Resource Problems
140(2)
What Can Be Done to Improve the Educational System?
140(1)
What about Massive Underemployment in Rural Areas?
141(1)
Tensions between State, Local, and Individual Interests
142(3)
How Will China Be Governed in the Future?
142(1)
Can State Industries Be Made More Efficient?
143(1)
Will Regionalism Develop in China?
143(2)
APPENDIX: WEBLIOGRAPHY 145(2)
GLOSSARY 147(4)
REFERENCES 151(7)
INDEXES 158

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