Modern Educational Measurement: Practical Guidelines for Educational Leaders / Edition 3

Modern Educational Measurement: Practical Guidelines for Educational Leaders / Edition 3

by W. James Popham
ISBN-10:
0205287700
ISBN-13:
2900205287702
Pub. Date:
07/21/1999
Publisher:
Pearson

Hardcover

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Overview

Modern Educational Measurement: Practical Guidelines for Educational Leaders / Edition 3

This time-honored work provides the most useful tools for accurate assessment of students and how well the goals of curricula are met in this thorough re-orientation of Modern Educational Measurement. Overhauled to approach the topic from the perspective of the people in the trenches who must master the uses and abuses of testing methods and assessment instruments, this book offers timely, well-documented, and extremely practical information on this important subject. Further, it presents the material in a way that makes it more interesting and engaging than other texts on the market. In addition, the author's personal, engaging, and humorous writing style brings the subject matter to life and helps readers maintain their interest in the material. The book aims to help educational leaders, the administrators and the teachers who must grapple with the problems and the methods of assessment in order to improve educational practices for students everywhere. Follows a logical and developmental framework that takes readers from a general overview of the significance of assessment in education, to a discussion of how to evaluate the usefulness of different measurement strategies, to hands-on advice on how to construct accurate and effective assessment instruments, to a perceptive overview of the dos and don'ts of the field. Designed for anyone interested in Educational Measurement and Evaluation, Assessment, and Testing.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900205287702
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 07/21/1999
Edition description: REV
Pages: 466
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

Table of Contents

All chapters conclude with “Chapter Wrap-Up,” “Practice Exercises,” “Answers to Practice Exercises,” “Discussion Questions,” “Suggestions for Additional Reading,” and “And for Those Who Tire of Reading.”

Preface.

I.WHY MEASURE; WHAT TO MEASURE, AND HOW TO INTERPRET WHAT'S BEEN MEASURED.

1.Measurement's Importance to Educational Leaders.

What's in a Name?

What You Don't Need to Know.

What You Do Need to Know.

Two Assessment Emphases.

A Brief, Historical Dip.

2.What to Measure and How to Interpret Results.

What to Measure.

Two Influential Interpretive Alternatives.

Three Kinds of Decisions.

Putting It All Together.

II.HOW TO EVALUATE EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENTS.

3.Instructional Contribution.

A New Test-Evaluation Factor.

Instructional Contribution as an Evaluative Factor.

An Instructional Cup That Runneth Over.

The Relationship between Testing and Teaching.

Test Preparation.

Two Test-Preparation Guidelines.

4.The Validity of Assessment-Based Interpretations.

Inferences and Interpretations.

Content-Related Evidence of Validity.

Criterion-Related Evidence of Validity.

Construct-Related Evidence of Validity.

Consequential Validity.

5.Reliability of Assessment Devices.

Can Validity Find Happiness If Reliability Is Unfaithful?

Stability Reliability.

Alternate-Form Reliability.

InternalConsistency Reliability.

The Standard Error of Measurement.

6.Absence of Bias.

A Look at Assessment Bias.

Culture-Fair Tests.

Evaluating for Test Bias.

Detecting Bias in Test Items.

Detecting Bias in Test Administration.

Detecting Bias in Interpretations.

The LEP Dilemma.

7.High-Quality Comparative Data.

The Normal Curve.

Percentiles.

Standard Scores.

Norms.

Criteria for Judging Normative Data.

III.CREATING EDUCATIONAL TESTS.

8.Tying Down the Assessment Domain.

Circumscribing What's to Be Measured.

Assessment Domain Definitions as Instructional Facilitators.

Focusing on Assessment-Based Inferences.

9.Selected-Response Items.

An Either/Or Split.

Binary-Choice Items.

Matching Items.

Multiple-Choice Items.

10.Constructed-Response Items.

Relative Merits of Selected-Response and Constructed-Response Items.

Short-Answer Items.

The Essay Item.

11.Performance and Portfolio Assessment.

Performance Assessment.

A Formidable Assessment Tool: Rubrics.

Portfolio Assessment.

12.Improving Test Items.

Empirical and Judgmental Techniques.

Judgmental Improvement of Test Items.

Empirical Improvement of Test Items.

13.Creating Affective Measures.

The Cognitive, Affective, and Psychomotor Domains.

A Closer Look at Affect.

What Affective Variables to Assess?

Isolating the Affective Variable.

Opting for Self-Report Inventories.

Self-Reports.

Individual and Group Affective Assessment.

IV.USING EDUCATIONAL TESTS.

14.Administering Educational Tests and Using the Results.

Administering Educational Assessments.

Effective Test Directions.

The Actual Administration.

Scoring the Tests.

Correcting for Guessing.

Recording Test Results.

Test Security.

Setting Performance Standards.

What a Performance Standard Is.

Grading.

15.Standardized Achievement Tests: Marvelous Measures — Often Misused.

The Problem's Antecedents.

What Standardized Achievement Tests Measure.

Measuring Temperature with a Tablespoon.

Confounded Causation.

What's an Educational Leader to Do about Standardized Achievement Tests?

Appendix.

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