Modern Processing, Packaging and Distribution Systems for Food

Modern Processing, Packaging and Distribution Systems for Food

by Frank A. Paine (Editor)


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781468485943
Publisher: Springer US
Publication date: 06/02/2012
Edition description: 1987
Pages: 164
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.01(d)

Table of Contents

1 Retortable plastic packaging.- The origin of retorting as a food process.- Traditional packaging.- Metal cans.- Glass jars.- Advantages and disadvantages.- Thermal processing.- Spoilage organisms.- Factors influencing growth.- Disadvantages of can and jar geometry.- The retort pouch.- Materials.- Pouch fabrication.- Filling, closing, and air evacuation.- Retorting.- Testing requirements.- Economics.- The market for the retort pouch.- The evolution of plastic retortable packages.- The foil laminated tray.- Retortable plastic materials.- Retortable thermoformed plastic containers.- Retortable pressure-formed plastic containers.- Retortable injection blow-moulded plastic containers.- Other candidates.- Summary.- References.- 2 Aseptic packaging.- Heat processing.- Pasteurization.- New trends in retorting.- The basis of sterility calculations.- Product sterilization.- Sterilization of the packaging.- Web sterilization.- Container sterilization.- Some fundamental aspects: reducing the bacterial load.- Maintaining sterile conditions during plant operation.- Presterilization of the packaging machinery.- The production (and protection) of satisfactory seals and closures.- Systems available and possible developments.- References.- 3 Modified atmosphere packaging.- and history.- Reasons for use of modified atmospher packaging.- Technical requirements.- Safety.- Applications.- Vegetables.- Meat packaging.- Poultry packaging.- Fish products.- Bakery products.- Other products.- Packaging materials.- Limitations of MAP.- Testing of modified atmosphere packs.- References and further reading.- 4 Use of irradiation techniques in food packaging.- Historical introduction.- The technology.- Techniques.- Low-dose gamma-irradiation.- Low-dose electron-beam irradiation.- Applications.- Inactivation of pathogens.- Disinfection of cereals and flour products.- Sterilization of packaging materials for the food industries.- Disinfection of herbs and spices.- Extending the life of perishable foods.- Inhibiting sprouting.- Decontamination of soils.- Sterilizing food for prolonged storage.- Legislation.- Standardization.- Effects on packaging.- References.- 5 Shelf-life prediction.- Incentives for shelf-life prediction studies.- Factors in the shelf-life prediction process.- The mechanisms of deterioration.- Water vapour.- Oxidation.- Light.- Volatiles.- Temperature.- Basic shelf-life prediction data.- The moisture absorption isotherm.- Oxygen absorption.- The storage climate.- Values for package permeability.- Water vapour.- Oxygen.- Vapour permeability.- Light transmission.- Shelf-life prediction techniques.- Deterioration by loss or gain of moisture.- Deterioration by oxygen absorption.- Deterioration by a number of causes.- Influence of package imperfections on shelf life.- Multiple package distribution.- In conclusion.- References.- 6 Cartons for liquids.- History and development.- Principles of production.- Converting.- Filling and sealing.- Materials.- Hygiene.- Mechanical strength.- Barrier coatings.- Seals.- Permeability to gases and water vapour.- Material compatibility.- Light.- Aseptic packaging of liquid foods.- Tetra Brik Aseptic.- Packaging material.- Quality control.- Distribution.- Resources and energy.- Marketing aspects and competition.- References.- 7 Packaging of carbonated beverages.- Historical background.- Other developments.- Carbonated beverages and the environment.- Recycling of beverage packages.- Economics.- The impact of legislation.- Volume of beverage packaging systems.- Future trends or wishful thinking?.- References.- 8 Physical distribution today.- Background and definitions.- The structure of physical distribution and the importance of packaging.- New aspects of physical distribution.- Costs of distribution.- References.- 9 Packaging for consumer convenience.- Non-packaged foods.- Changing social and economic climate.- Lifestyles and food orientation.- Recent developments.- New plastic materials.- Nutritional supplement in Tetra Brik Aseptic.- School milk programmes.- Opening and reclosing function.- Let Pak.- Cekacan.- Microwave cooking.- Microglas.- Future developments.

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