This book traces the development of monasticism in England, Scotland and Wales from 1000 to 1300. It explores the nature of the impact of the Norman Settlement on monastic life, how Britain responded to new, European ideas, and also to the needs of religious women. Every aspect of the life and work of the religious orders is covered, from their daily life to their contribution to intellectual developments. Particular attention is paid to the relationships between religious houses and their founders and patrons, showing the degree of dependence on local patrons and the tension between the religious life and the pressures of the world.
Table of ContentsList of illustrations; Preface; 1. Before the Normans; 2. The coming of the Normans; 3. The regular canons; 4. The new monastic orders of the twelfth century; 5. Women and the religious life; 6. The mendicant orders; 7. The physical setting: monastic buildings and the monastic plan; 8. Inside a religious house: daily life and the chain of command; 9. Learning and literary activities; 10. Religious houses and the wider community: founders, patrons and benefactors; 11. The monastic economy; 12. On the brink of change; Glossary; Notes; Select bibliography; Index.