Pub. Date:
Monetary Theory and Policy from Hume and Smith to Wicksell: Money, Credit, and the Economy

Monetary Theory and Policy from Hume and Smith to Wicksell: Money, Credit, and the Economy

by Arie Arnon


Choose Expedited Shipping at checkout for delivery by Wednesday, October 27


This book provides a comprehensive survey of the major developments in monetary theory and policy from David Hume and Adam Smith to Walter Bagehot and Knut Wicksell. In particular, it seeks to explain why it took so long for a theory of central banking to penetrate mainstream thought. The book investigates how major monetary theorists understood the roles of the invisible and visible hands in money, credit, and banking; what they thought about rules and discretion and the role played by commodity-money in their conceptualizations; whether or not they distinguished between the two different roles carried out via the financial system – making payments efficiently within the exchange process and facilitating intermediation in the capital market; how they perceived the influence of the monetary system on macroeconomic aggregates such as the price level, output, and accumulation of wealth; and finally, what they thought about monetary policy. The book explores the analytical dimensions in the various monetary theories while emphasizing their policy consequences. The book highlights the work of a number of pioneering theoreticians. Among these Henry Thornton stands out, primarily because of his innovative analyzis of the complicated phenomena that developed after the introduction of an inconvertible monetary system in 1797. A major question addressed by the book is why theoreticians and policymakers were so resistant to his ideas for so many years.

Related collections and offers

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781107642737
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 08/27/2012
Series: Historical Perspectives on Modern Economics
Pages: 450
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Arie Arnon is Associate Professor of Economics at Ben-Gurion University and Head of the Economics and Society Program at Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, Israel. Professor Arnon's areas of research include the history of economic thought, macroeconomics and monetary theory. His books include Thomas Tooke: A Pioneer of Monetary Theory (1991), The Palestinian Economy: Between Imposed Integration and Voluntary Separation (1997, coauthored with I. Luski, A. Spivak and J. Weinblatt) and The Open Economy Macromodel: Past, Present, and Future (2002, coedited with W. Young). Professor Arnon has published articles in History of Political Economy, the Oxford Economic Papers, the Economic Journal and the Middle East Journal. He has served on the editorial boards of the European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Economic Quarterly and Social Security: Journal of Welfare and Social Security Studies. He has held visiting positions at the University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, the University of Pennsylvania, The New School and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He has also served as a Senior Economist in the Research Department of the Bank of Israel and as a consultant to the World Bank. Since 2002 Professor Arnon has been the coordinator of the Israeli team in the Aix Group, where experts from the Palestinian Authority, Israel, and the international community discuss various economic aspects of the conflict and develop scenarios and policy alternatives for a permanent peace settlement. A recent publication of the group is entitled Economic Dimensions of a Two State Agreement Between Israel and Palestine (2007).

Table of Contents

Introduction; Part I. Analytical and Historical Foundations: 1. Monetary theory circa 1750: David Hume; 2. Mid-eighteenth-century British financial system; 3. Adam Smith: the case for laissez faire in money and banking; 4. 'Monetary theories of credit' in exchange; Part II. Debating Monetary Theory under Inconvertibility: 5. New reality: the restriction period, 1797–1821; 6. Boyd versus Baring: the early round in the bullion debate; 7. Henry Thornton: ahead of his times; 8. Ricardo versus Bosanquet: the famous round in the Bullion debate; 9. 'Credit theories of money' in exchange and intermediation; Part III. Debating: Laissez Faire, Rules and Discretion: 10. From the resumption to 1837: more crises; 11. The currency school trio: Loyd, Torrens, Norman; 12. The banking school trio: Tooke, Fullarton, Wilson; 13. Neither discretion nor rules: Joplin and the free banking school; Part IV. The Road to Defensive Central Banking: 14. Bagehot and a new conventional wisdom; 15. Does Karl Marx fit in?; 16. Marshall and bi-metallism; Part V. A New Beginning: Towards Active Central Banking: 17. Wicksell's innovative monetary theory; 18. The puzzling slow rise of a theory of central banking: between the lender of last resort, passive and active monetary policy.

Customer Reviews