Monitoring Environmental Materials and Specimen Banking: Proceedings of the International Workshop, Berlin (West), 23-28 October 1978

Monitoring Environmental Materials and Specimen Banking: Proceedings of the International Workshop, Berlin (West), 23-28 October 1978

by N.P. Luepke (Editor)


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789400988453
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 02/12/2012
Edition description: 1979
Pages: 606
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.05(d)

Table of Contents

Conclusions and Recommendations.- I. Introduction.- 1. Terminology and definitions.- 2. Objectives of the workshop and the final document.- 3. Monitoring environmental materials.- 4. Specimen banking.- II. Selection of Pollutants and Pollutant Categories of Interest for Monitoring Environmental Materials.- III. Selection of Environmental Materials Related to Ecosystems and Pollutants or Pollutant Categories.- 1. General aspects.- 2. Review of past and current programmes.- 2.1. Terrestrial ecosystem.- 2.2. Aquatic ecosystem.- 3. Criteria for the selection of ecosystem compartments and processes.- 3.1. Active and passive monitoring and specimen banking.- 3.2. Terrestrial ecosystem.- 3.2.1. The ecosystem framework.- 3.2.2. Specific criteria for the selection of environmental materials related to terrestrial ecosystems.- 3.2.3. Selection of environmental materials and specimens related to terrestrial ecosystems and pollutants or pollutant categories.- Soils.- Plants.- Invertebrate animals.- Vertebrate animals.- 3.3. Aquatic ecosystems.- IV. Technical Considerations.- 1. General remarks.- 2. Collection, collection equipment, sample preparation and transportation.- 3. Container materials.- 4. Storage methods.- 5. Conclusions and recommendations.- V. Analytical Aspects.- 1. Analytical methods.- 1.1. Methods for toxic elements.- 1.2. Analytical aspects of organo-halogenated compounds.- 1.3. Other organic compounds.- 2. Profile and fingerprint methods.- 3. Partly of fully automatized analysis.- 4. Standardisation and quality control.- VI. Programme Design and Organizational Aspects.- 1. Goal and objectives.- 2. Statistical and biomathematical requirements.- 3. General guidelines.- 4. Recommendations for further research.- VII. Cost Estimation.- 1. Monitoring environmental materials.- 2. Specimen banking.- 3. Conclusions.- VIII. Ethical and Legal Considerations.- Annex I.- Abstracts of working papers.- Annex II.- Working papers submitted for the Workshop.- Monitoring inorganic pollutants in domestic and farm animals.- Monitoring environmental materials and specimen banking using terrestrial insects with particular reference to inorganic substances and pesticides.- Use of oysters and related molluscs as biological monitors of synthetic organic pollutants.- Specimen banking marine organisms.- Advantage and problems of usung wild-living animals as indicators for environmental pollution.- Naturally occuring steroids and synthetic hormones as sensitive monitoring compounds for the suitability of pretreatment procedures in specimen banking and for the long-term stability of stored biological samples.- Container materials for the preservation of trace substances in environmental specimens.- Monitoring of plants and soil for analysis of possible hazardous contaminants and banking of these environmental specimens.- Non-halogenated organic compounds in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.- Organic and inorganic compounds — analytical aspects.- Use of macroalgae as a reference material for pollutant monitoring and specimen banking.- A comparative analysis among responses to acute toxicity in standard laboratory bioassays and in natural streams.- Specimen bank research at the National Bureau of Standards to insure proper scientific protocols for the sampling, storage and analysis of environmental materials.- Monitoring environmental materials and specimen banking — state-of-the-art of Japanese experience and knowledge.- Organo-halogenated compounds in aquatic ecosystems.- Statement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.- Organo-halogenated compounds in farm and domestic animals.- Monitoring environmental materials and specimen banking for organohalogenated compounds in aquatic ecosystems.- Experiences in monitoring and banking human biological specimen.- Organohalogenated compounds in plants and soil.- Terrestrial vertebrate animals as biological monitors of pollution.- The mussel watch biological monitoring research program.- Collection, storage and analysis of freshwater fish for monitoring environmental contaminants.- State-of-the-art of biological specimen banking in the Federal Republic of Germany.- Ecological action of mercury by-products on different animal tissues.- Organo-halogenated compounds in terrestrial wildlife.- Basic ecological concepts and urban ecological systems.- Considerations applicable to the monitoring of organohalogenated compounds in terrestrial wildlife, especially birds.- The role of deep-sea organisms in monitoring environmental xenobiotics.- The grey mullet (Mugil cephalus L.) as a marine bioindicator.- Archiving wildlife specimens for future analysis.- Trace metals in living marine resources taken from north atlantic waters.- Some U.S. legal concerns in obtaining, archiving, and using non-human tissue samples.- Pollution effects in freshwater communities.- The use of fishes in the monitoring environmental materials and specimen banking.- Monitoring serial inorganic pollutants by plant indicator specimens.- Choice of species, sampling and sample pretreatment for subsequent analysis and banking of marine organisms useful for Hg, Pb and Cd monitoring.- Specimen banking of food samples for long term monitoring of nutrient trace elements.- Annex III.- List of contributors and participants.

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