This book presents the essential background for understanding semantic theories of mood. Mood as a category is widely used in the description of languages and the formal analysis of their grammatical properties. It typically refers to the features of a sentence-individual morphemes or grammatical patterns-that reflect how the sentence contributes to the modal meaning of a larger phrase, or that indicate the type of fundamental pragmatic function that it has in conversation. In this volume, Paul Portner discusses the most significant semantic theories relating to the two main subtypes of mood: verbal mood, including the categories of indicative and subjunctive subordinate clauses, and sentence mood, encompassing declaratives, interrogatives, and imperatives. He evaluates those theories, compares them, and draws connections between seemingly disparate approaches, and he formalizes some of the literature's most important ideas in new ways in order to draw out their most significant insights. Ultimately, this work shows that there are crucial connections between verbal mood and sentence mood which point the way towards a more general understanding of how mood works and its relation to other topics in linguistics; it also outlines the type of semantic and pragmatic theory which will make it possible to explain these relations. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students from advanced undergraduate level upwards in the fields of semantics and pragmatics, philosophy, computer science, and psychology.
About the Author
Paul Portner is a linguist specializing in semantics and pragmatics. As Professor of Linguistics at Georgetown University, he has served as the Head of both the Theoretical and Computational Linguistics concentrations, and as Director of the Interdisciplinary Program in Cognitive Science. He has published work across a wide range of topics in linguistics, including mood, modality, tense and aspect, information structure, and the semantics of imperatives and exclamatives. His book Modality was published by OUP in 2009.
Table of Contents
List of figures and tables
2. Verbal mood
3. Sentence mood
4. Core mood, reality status, and evidentiality