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This book defends morality against the critiques of egoims, subjectivism, and relativism. It argues that we can and should construe some moral standards as objective and that justice and self-development are the cornerstones of healthy morality. Opening with a dialogue meant to tease and provoke the reader, the book's subsequent chapters treat misconceptions about morality, the possibility of unselfish action, the nature of free will and moral responsibility, and the identity of moral right and wrong.
Table of Contents
Foreword. Preface. ONE. Requiem for Protagoras? TWO. Some Misconceptions About Morality. 1. Is Morality a Religious Affair? 2. Intolerance and the Reverence of Authority. 3. Moral Fact: How Can We Decide? 4. Moral Fact: Who Is to Judge? THREE. How Self-Centered Should We Be? 1. What Is Selfish Behavior? 2. Can We Act Unselfishly? 3. My View of Selfishness. 4. A Critique of the Egoists' Theory of Motivation. 5. Conclusion. FOUR. Choice and Responsibility. 1. The Traditional Debate. 2. My View. 3. Pragmatic Compatibilism. 4. Conclusion. FIVE. What is Right? 1. Morality and Religion. 2. Philosopher's Views of Morality. 3. Problems With These Views. 4. Deontology. 5. Human Rights. 6. Utilitarianism. 7. Self-Realization and Justice. 8. Being Fair and Being Just. 9. Which Is More Just? 10. Health. 11. The Basis of Morality. 12. Is Morality Subjective or Relative? 13. Why Should We Act Morally? Notes.