Mother of the Lamb tells the remarkable story of a Byzantine image that emerged from the losing side of the Crusades. Called the Virgin of the Passion in the East and Our Lady of Perpetual Help in the West, the icon has expanded beyond its Byzantine origins to become one of the most pervasive images of our time. It boasts multiple major shrines on nearly every continent and is reflected in every epoch of art history since its origin, even making an appearance at the Olympics in 2012.
Matthew Milliner first chronicles the story of the icon's creation and emergence in the immediate aftermath of the Third Crusade, whereupon the icon became a surprising emblem of defeat, its own fame expanding in inverse proportion to Christendom's political contraction. Originally born as a Christian response to the Christian violence of the Crusades, it marked the moment when Mary's ministry of suffering love truly began. Having traced the icon's origin and ubiquity, Milliner teases out the painting's theological depth, and continues the story of the icon's evolution and significance from its origins to the present day.
As the story of the icon moves well beyond Byzantine art history, both temporally and thematically, it engages religion, politics, contemporary art, and feminist concerns at once. Always, though, the icon exemplifies dignity in suffering, a lesson that--through this image--Byzantium bequeathed to the wider world. Encapsulating eleven centuries of development of the mourning Mary in Byzantium, the Virgin of the Passion emerges as a commendable icon of humility, a perennial watchword signaling the perils of imagined political glory. The Virgin of the Passion, emblemizing political humility, the powerful agency of women, and the value of inter-Christian and extra-Christian concord, is an exemplary Marian image for the fledgling twenty-first century.
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|Publisher:||Augsburg Fortress, Publishers|
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About the Author
Matthew J. Milliner holds an MA and a PhD in art history from Princeton University, and an MDiv from Princeton Theological Seminary. He is associate professor of art history at Wheaton College.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Virgin of the Passion 1
Part I The Artist
1 A Portable Constantinople 13
2 Depicting Divinization 27
3 The Crusader Capture of Cyprus 37
Part II The Fresco
4 A Truer Cross 49
5 The Meeting in the Temple 63
6 A Throne Prepared 73
7 Mary as Wisdom 83
8 Mary as Priest 95
Part III The Icon
9 The Virgin of Defeat 109
10 Peaceful Conquest 121
Conclusion: A Madonna of the Future 133
Appendix: The Name of the Artist 151
Image Permissions 295