Moved by Love: Inspired Artists and Deviant Women in Eighteenth-Century France by Mary D. Sheriff
In eighteenth-century France, the ability to lose oneself in a character or scene marked both great artists and ideal spectators. Yet it was thought this same passionate enthusiasm, if taken to unreasonable extremes, could also lead to sexual deviance, mental illness—even death. Women and artists were seen as especially susceptible to these negative consequences of creative enthusiasm, and women artists, doubly so.
Mary D. Sheriff uses these very different visions of enthusiasm to explore the complex interrelationships among creativity, sexuality, the body and the mind in eighteenth-century France. Drawing on evidence from the visual arts, literature, philosophy, and medicine, she portrays the deviance ascribed to both inspired men and women. But while various mythologies worked to normalize deviance in male artists, women had no justification for their deviance. For instance, the mythical sculptor Pygmalion was cured of an abnormal love for his statue through the making of art. He became a model for creative artists, living happily with his statue come to life. No happy endings, though, were imagined for such inspired women writers as Sappho and Heloise, who burned with erotomania their art could not quench. Even so, Sheriff demonstrates, the perceived connections among sexuality, creativity, and disease also opened artistic opportunities for women—and creative women took full advantage of them.
Brilliantly reassessing the links between sexuality and creativity, artistic genius and madness, passion and reason, Moved by Love will profoundly reshape our view of eighteenth- century French culture.
Mary D. Sheriff is the W.R. Kenan, Jr. Distinguished Professor of Art and department chair at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is the author of The Exceptional Woman: Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrunand theCultural Politics of Art and Fragonard: Art and Eroticism, both published by the University of Chicago Press.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Enthusiasm: Reason's Masterpiece
The Artist and the Woman
Just Like a Woman?
Possession and Emulation
Deviant Spectators: Ignorant Girls and Women Who Know Too Much
Pygmalion's Enthusiasm and the Fires of Nymphomania, or The Psychology of Art and Desire