The Stibbert Museum in Florence holds one of the most important collections of material culture and art in Europe. Frederick Stibbert amassed his collection through a lifetime of travel and purchases, transforming his villa into a museum that he left to the state on his death. The museum as a whole is analyzed and each collection is described here by expert art historians, from the European, Islamic, and Japanese armor to paintings, porcelain, and other examples of the decorative arts. I edition: September 2011. I reprint: February 2018.